Windows Enterprise Desktop

August 27, 2013  4:19 PM

Microsoft Windows 8.1 RTM available to PC manufacturers

Diana Hwang Diana Hwang Profile: Diana Hwang

Microsoft is right on time. The software giant released its Windows 8.1 and Windows 8.1 RT RTM version to PC hardware vendors this week.

In a post by Microsoft’s Antoine Leblond, the company said it hit an important milestone: providing a new release of the software only 10 months after it arrived. But Microsoft is doing things differently this time.

“While our partners are preparing these exciting new devices we will continue to work closely with them as we put the finishing touches on Windows 8.1 to ensure a quality experience at general availability on October 18th. This is the date when Windows 8.1 will be broadly available for commercial customers with or without volume licensing agreements, our broad partner ecosystem, subscribers to MSDN and TechNet, as well as consumers.”

The kicker? While the RTM version isn’t complete, it is good enough to get out the door to the PC hardware vendors but the MSDN and TechNet communities won’t get it. Huh?

Microsoft says technology has shifted so our personal and work lives have become blurred. I don’t deny this because mobile technology and the cloud have really changed how we work and live our lives. But does this allow Microsoft to tweak the software even after the RTM goes to its hardware partners? To Microsoft, yes. Faster updates provide customers more time to tweak their own platform given all the new devices expected in the fourth quarter.

I’ll give Microsoft a pass on this because partners want to make sure Windows 8.1 looks and works well on their new form factors. Providing touch and a new interface on these forthcoming devices is not an easy task.

But, whereas MSDN and TechNet subscribers previously received the RTM shortly after its release, this time around, these communities  get them on October 18, the same as commercial customers and consumers.

Why would Microsoft do this? Don’t they want apps to be fully ready, tested and bug free as soon as Windows 8.1 hits  stores on October 18? In this case, even though Microsoft wants to abide by its rapid software release cadence, the developer community should have access to the RTM version. End users don’t want buggy apps on day one.

And, here’s another thing. If mobile is so important to Microsoft, they must realize  it’s not just about devices. It’s about the apps and the entire ecosystem. In fact, if some apps don’t work on a device when they come out in the fourth quarter, why would anyone buy it? These technologies go hand in hand and even though I’m not a developer, I can’t fathom why Microsoft would do this. As a multitasking, mobile business and enterprise user, I would never buy a device if it didn’t have the bug-free apps I wanted.

It would behoove Microsoft to change their stance on allowing MSDN and TechNet subscribers to have the Windows 8.1 RTM version. Developers need to make sure their apps are bug free and ready to go on October 18 when Windows 8.1 becomes available to the masses.

If Microsoft is going to have any chance of uncovering new opportunities in the enterprise, IT pros absolutely need the software for testing in their own environments.

I know not many enterprises are really moving to the new operating system and they would prefer Windows 7. But, that being said, Microsoft needs all the support they can for Windows 8.1. This approach only takes into account the hardware device manufacturers and for the short-term leaves out the developers and IT community. The success of Windows 8.1 doesn’t just rely on the hardware and the operating system. It is, after all, an ecosystem, and supporting all branches of the system is what’s going to slowly get Windows 8.1 into the hands of a broader set of users.

August 26, 2013  11:40 AM

Windows 8.1 RTMs to OEMs on August 23

Ed Tittel Ed Tittel Profile: Ed Tittel

OK, so now we not only know that the official release date for Windows 8.1 will be October 17/18, 2013 (4 AM on 10/18 in New Zealand, 10 AM 10/17 in Redmond), but now we also know that last Friday Microsoft sent off the bits for the release to manufacturing (RTM) as well. Numerous sources, including Mary Jo Foley and Paul Thurrott confirmed that it went out on 8/23, with release number 9600.16384.130821-1623. Foley went on to comment further as follows:

…my sources said that Microsoft’s game plan is to withhold the Windows 8.1 RTM bits until launch this year, which means almost no one outside (other than OEMs) would get officially released Windows 8.1 bits until October 18.

This is at odds with Microsoft’s prevailing practices for releases of Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 8.0, but it buys the company some time to slipstream changes into the general availability release if they must, and it keeps things simpler and more straightforward for the company’s suport staff while the run-up to October 17/18 continues to wind down. Nevertheless, I do expect to see at least some purported “leaks” of the RTM version on BitTorrent in the relatively near future. Curious researchers and enthusiasts should be warned that such leaked versions have included malware for past Windows versions, and may very likely do so for Windows 8.1 versions as well. If you’re bound and determined to exercise your curiosity, be sure to take security precautions when messing about with unofficial version of any not-yet-officially-released Windows (and other) OSes. Happy hunting nevertheless!


Only images of the new OS have leaked so far; no ISOs have surfaced anywhere as yet.

One image of the release has surfaced on MS news, rumors, and info site, with the following warning, which apparently originated from the MyDigitalLife forums from a member with the handle ‘Cleric’:

The source of the image also pointed out on the MDL forums, that those who currently have access to the RTM version are “being watched closely”; so for now we’ll all have to wait until general availability on Oct. 17th.

August 23, 2013  12:04 PM

More on Windows 8.1 Backup (or Lack Thereof)

Ed Tittel Ed Tittel Profile: Ed Tittel

My last blog post was entitled “Windows 7 File Recovery Absent from Windows 8.1,” and disclosed my discovery that image backup facilities are no longer built into the upcoming Windows 8.1 release (based on analysis of and interaction with Build 9431). Since that post appeared, I’ve found an interesting InfoWorld article from Windows guru (and a personal hero of mine) Woody Leonhard entitled “‘Almost finished’ build of Windows 8.1 still a mess.” The link goes  to page 2 of that article, because I will reproduce two very interesting paragraphs from that page verbatim (please note that he’s working from a pirated 8.1 build that is newer than the one that MS released for the Windows 8.1 Pro Preview):

Finally, I note with some consternation that all of the Windows 7 backup and restore programs are gone in Build 9471. They’re in Windows 8, but not in Windows 8.1. We’ve known for quite some time that the “ghost” system image backup (the one that makes a full copy of any hard drive/volume) was going to disappear in Win 8.1. What took me by surprise is that all of the other Windows 7-era backup tools, which were in full force — if a bit hard to find — in Windows 8, are gone, completely, in Windows 8.1: No Windows Backup; no Backup and Restore Center.

Even System Restore Points, the old system rejuvenation fallback of an entire generation, get turned off by default in Build 9471. You won’t get any Restore Points unless you turn the feature on, manually.

I did figure out a couple of methods to access the virtual hard disk files (both older .vhd and newer .vhdx formats) that those now-missing backup tools create in Windows 8.1, so that older images may be mounted and accessed therein, and documented them in my previous blog. But it looks like the new built-in, go-to tool for Windows 8 backup purposes will become the “record image” tool of choice for Microsoft’s latest desktop environment (recimg.exe, which drives the creation of a custom “refresh image” for the “Refresh your PC” facility in Windows 8 and 8.1). That also makes the free Slimware utility known as RecImg Manager even more popular and valuable for Windows 8.1 than it already was for Windows 8.0. That program includes automatic scheduling of regular backups using this facility, so it really does become a true image backup tool that can succeed the now-absent “Windows 7 File Recovery” backup and restore toolset included in the Control Panel in Windows 8.0.recimgmgr-sched

The scheduling pane from RecImg Manager helps show why it makes a valuable addition to any Windows 8(.1) desktop.

August 21, 2013  11:50 AM

Windows 7 File Recovery Absent from Win8.1

Ed Tittel Ed Tittel Profile: Ed Tittel

As I’m getting to learn the latest Windows 8.1 release from the current Pro Preview version that’s available, I’ve been finding my way into some of its more obscure or random wrinkles. In responding to a reader inquiry about my recent post about the WinDirStat utility (“Run as Administrator” Adds to WinDirStat File Visibility, 8/19/2013) this morning, for example, I learned that the built-in Windows backup utility which appears in Windows 8.0 as “Windows 7 File Recovery” in Control Panel, is no longer present in Windows 8.1. This same utility is a port of the “Backup and Recovery” utility that was present in Windows XP, Vista, and Windows 7 as well. But it’s apparently gone, gone, gone in Windows 8.1.


Output from the winver command in Windows 8.1 shows that it’s labeled Version 6.3 (Build 9431) and is desigated as “Windows 8.1 Pro Preview,” with an expiration date of 1/15/2014.

For those who might need to access the .vhd or .vhdx files that the Windows 7 File Recovery utility creates as part of its backup file collections from older versions of Windows 8, I was also surprised to learn that Hyper-V’s “Import Virtual Machine…” interface won’t permit you to mount and access the contents of those virtual disks. Nor, to my greater surprise, will Elaborate Bytes’ usually excellent Virtual CloneDrive tool. You can always use the “Attach VHD” option in the Windows built-in Disk Management (diskmgmt.msc) utility, though, to mount and grab files from backup images that the older utility created on Windows 8 prior to an in-place upgrade to Windows 8.1 (which shows up as Disk 7/M: Drive in the following screencap).


The ‘brute force technique’ for accessing a Windows 8 image backup created using the Windows 7 File Recovery utility is to use Attach VHD in the Disk Management console.

After a bit of poking around, I found a free utility named VHD Attach 3.80 that provides right-click support for mounting VHD and VHDX files in Windows 8. It did the job nicely once I figured out I had to use the “Run as administrator” option to grant the program sufficient rights to mount the virtual disk file that the Windows 7 File Recovery utility creates and protects with system level privileges. Armed with this insight, I tried to do likewise with Virtual CloneDrive, but still found it blocked by access restrictions. Thus, if you want to get into image files in Windows 8.1 that originated from the Windows 7 File Recovery utility in Windows 8.0, it looks like you’ll need to use Attach VHD in the Disk Management console, or grab and use VHD Attach as an alternative.

August 19, 2013  1:54 PM

“Run as Administrator” Adds to WinDirStat File Visibility

Ed Tittel Ed Tittel Profile: Ed Tittel

I’ve written repeatedly about a great, free SourceForge utility called WinDirStat for this blog over the years. But just this morning, I learned something about the program I didn’t know — namely that applying “run as administrator” when using this tool sheds additional light on where files that WinDirStat labels as “Unknown” come from. I’ll show two screen caps to illustrate what this can mean in stark fashion:


Left/above shows a huge yellow unknown area; right/below shows a much smaller area of the same hue.

The first screenshot was generated by running WinDirStat directly from the Start menu, but I created the second one for the same drive after launching the program using the right-click “Run as administrator option.” The differences between the two screenshots show that elevated privilege for the program provides more insight into Windows System information available from the System Volume Information data to administrators but not to other users (even if they, like the account used to generate both screenshots, are members of the “Administrators” or “Local Administrators” groups). I had been wondering about the huge allocation to Unknown for this drive, and discovered this technique by Googling “large unknown file WinDirStat.” In turn, this led me to a sequence of user forum posts that mentioned the difference in passing, while explaining how to reduce the size of such allocations to other users (I was already aware of using VSSADMIN to reduce shadow copy storage, and had checked — and reduced — those allocations already).

The upshot was that I was able to see that around 72 of the 90 GB that showed up as “Unknown” in the first screen cap, could actually be attributed to image and other files in the WindowsImageBackup holdings, as shown in the second screen cap. In that screen cap, the “true Unknown” — namely the volume shadow copy files — resolved to under 12 GB, entirely in keeping with the allocation that I’d made (and double-checked) using VSSADMIN. It all goes to show that some problems in Windows aren’t necessarily problems at all. Rather, they’re a matter of assessing circumstances from the proper perspective! A valuable insight for me, and I hope for some of you readers as well.

August 14, 2013  5:37 PM

Lawsuit against Microsoft adds insult to Surface RT injury

Diana Hwang Diana Hwang Profile: Diana Hwang

If I owned Microsoft stock I would be none too pleased right now.

Microsoft was slapped with a class action suit this week by New York-based law firm Robbins Geller Rudman & Dowd LLP on behalf of those who bought Microsoft stock between April 18, 2013 and July 18, 2013. The 30-page complaint filed in the District of Massachusetts charges that Microsoft and its officers, including Steve Ballmer, Peter Klein, Frank Brod and Tami Reller, allegedly violated the U.S. Securities and Exchange filings with misleading statements about the lackluster performance of Surface RT.

Microsoft took an unexpected $900 million inventory write off for Surface RT, which only came to light in its fourth quarter earnings call held in July.

The law firm claims that Microsoft delivered misleading statements about the Surface RT and knew Surface RT was not doing well in the market. The firm said Microsoft failed to notify its shareholders that Surface RT experienced extremely poor customer demand and the inventory declined in value during Microsoft’s third fiscal quarter ending March 31, 2013.

To be fair, if you’re in the techie world and have been following Surface RT, you’d know that the product has not fared well since the beginning of this year: Microsoft’s fire sales on the excess inventory for Surface RT and even Surface Pro at its tech conferences in June, a free $100 keyboard, and recent price slashing on Surface RT all signaled bad news. . Surface RT has yet to gain any traction in the enterprise as well as consumers, and partners like Asus are officially pulling support.

For those who don’t follow Microsoft closely but own stock, the $900 million write off could have been a shocker because Microsoft missed its earnings. Upon disclosure of the news, Microsoft stock suffered a big drop, down by 11.4%, or $4.04 per share. According to the complaint, this was the biggest price drop in four years.

Questions remain as to whether Microsoft knew its Surface RT inventory plans during the previous third fiscal quarter and whether they’re accounting practice to write off the inventory was acceptable.

Indeed, the complaint states that Microsoft’s partners were already cutting prices on their own inventory to get rid of the overstock, way before Microsoft did. Even they knew the platform wasn’t as successful as expected.

Having watched the tech industry for longer than I want to say, Microsoft’s Windows RT-based tablet seems like an experiment. Remember all those Windows CE devices? (Yes, I still have a Compaq iPaq gathering dust somewhere). Microsoft is throwing spaghetti to the wall again to see what sticks.

But let’s be clear. Microsoft all along has said that what they’re doing now with their corporate restructuring, Windows 8, Office 365, Azure, and branding itself as a devices and services company is part of a long-term strategy. And that, my friends, is what we all have to remember.

Yes, Microsoft may have made a serious error with this Surface RT inventory write off and Windows RT, but they still have loads of cash to take the company forward and seek their long-term vision. This takes time. It’s not a short-term gain but a long-term outlook.

For now, maybe we’ll see more Surface RTs selling on eBay, or on those penny auction sites like

August 14, 2013  12:29 PM

Win8.1 GA Set for October 17/18, 2013

Ed Tittel Ed Tittel Profile: Ed Tittel

Score one for the Russian rumornets: Ed Bott has just reported that Windows 8.1 will go into general availability (GA, open to the general public) release at 12 AM in New Zealand (which Mr. Bott informs us is 4:00 AM in Redmond; that’s PST  or -08:00 UCT). I blogged here last week about Russian language site claiming that the OEM release could go out as early as August 16. Given that the date for GA has now been announced, and that it usually precedes GA by two months exactly, they were off by a day or two, at most. Bott confirms the overall timing, and indicates that “…my sources have also told me … that Windows 8.1 has been officially released to manufacturing.”


Today’s Blogging Windows post from Brandon LeBlanc shares the info that on October 17/18, MS will post the Windows 8.1 update for free on the Windows Store.

What’s interesting is that the rumor mill has been grinding thick and fast lately about when the OEM release will be made available via MSDN. I’ve read some sources that claim MS will skip this step and hold off on making the OEM release available until the GA date rolls around. Frankly, I don’t see how or why MS would choose to do this to developers, who need some time to get their applications ready for Windows 8.1 before it ships (or who conceivably might decide to build some new ones to coincide with the GA date). Bott catches my general take on this still-murky situation quite nicely when he says “There’s no indication in today’s consumer announcement of when the Windows 8.1 code will be available for developers on MSDN, nor when the Enterprise edition will be available for general release.” Just because MS isn’t saying anything about this yet doesn’t mean that nothing is going to happen until GA. Let’s hope Ed’s request for additional information produces some results sooner rather than later.

August 12, 2013  1:49 PM

New tile-based MS web page acts like “event ticker”

Ed Tittel Ed Tittel Profile: Ed Tittel

Microsoft’s brand-new “…by the Numbers” page presents a Modern UI tile-based interface to visitors and tracks counts of all kinds of interesting facts and trivia about the company. Here’s a representative screen cap of some of its leading facts and figures:


The tiles for “by the Numbers” are continuously updated, and cover number topics and tallies for Microsoft products, platforms, and other activity.

What you see in the preceding screen capture comes from the left hand side of this collection of counters and reported info, and covers from left to right, top to bottom):

  • the Windows 8 overall license count (100 million plus, as shown)
  • the current number of Windows Store apps and games (over 170,000)
  • the number of MS Live accounts with associated SkyDrive storage (250 million plus)
  • number of Xbox 360 consoles sold worldside (over 76 million)
  • total minutes spent using Skype daily (up to 2 billion worldwide)
  • total Microsoft employee donations to its Giving campaign (over $1 billion for 2013 so far)
  • number of Xbox Live members (over 48 million in 41 countries)
  • total number of Windows Store downloads so far (250 million app downloads)
  • total user population for Enterprise social network Yammer (7 million)
  • total active users for email service (over 400 million)

There are 20 more counters reported as you scroll right on this display, including information about various Microsoft training initiatives, Kinect and other Xbox gaming data, Office 365, and lots of other stuff. You can even learn that over 2.6 milion gallons of beverages are consumed on the MS campuses annually, of which 40% is Coke Zero. Other interesting items include the membership of the MS Partner organization (over 430,000) and the number of Office users around the world (over 1 billion). Check it out!

August 9, 2013  10:38 AM

Rumor: Build 9477 Represents “escrow stage” for Win8.1, Sent to OEMs for Testing

Ed Tittel Ed Tittel Profile: Ed Tittel

No matter how long I work with Windows stuff, I always keep learning something new. This morning, I picked up a rumor trace from Win8China, courtesy of (“Windows 8.1 build 9477 reportedly in the hand of OEMs ahead of RTM“). From that reporting, I absorbed some additional MS release terminology — namely “escrow stage,” which apparently refers to the point at which (in the language of the Neowin story) “features are now locked down” and the software goes off to OEMs for preliminary testing before the RTM stage is attained. Presumably also, in keeping with normal MS release numbering practice, that’s the point at which the release number will increment, and we can expect the version number to hit 9500 to signal “ready for prime time.”


From Build 9431 (preview) to Build 9477 (RTM escrow) to Build 9500 (RTM). Seems like a likely progression.

This step lends some additional credibility to the notion, already reported here and elsewhere, that the RTM date for Windows 8.1 might occur sooner than the final week of August (26-30). Some reports have guesstimated RTM as early as August 16, one week from today. Perhaps that is a bit ambitious, but it’s not inconceivable that RTM could occur some time during the following week (August 19-23). We’ll see!

August 7, 2013  10:52 AM

Dustin Ingalls posts on Win8.1 Security Enhancements

Ed Tittel Ed Tittel Profile: Ed Tittel

Group Program Manager for Windows Security and Identity Dustin Ingalls recently posted an interesting item to the Windows for your Business blog, in the wake of his attendance at the Black Hat security conference. Entitled “Black Hat 2013: Windows 8.1 Helps Keep Data Secure in a Modern Environment,” it walks readers through a list of changes and enhancements to Windows 8.1 explicitly added or beefed up to improve the new operating systems’ security capabilities.


Following Black Hat 2013, MS opens up further on new or extended Win8.1 security stuff.

Here’s a list of topics with some detail summarized from that blog post:

  • Trustworthy Hardware: MS is moving toward requiring support for a Trusted Platform Module (TPM), circuitry that provides enhanced cryptography, on-board secure storage for keys and certificates, and other strong security functions in future hardware (“We are working towards requiring TPM 2.0 on all devices by January 2015.”). Provides the foundation for improved security for BYOD situations.
  • Modern Access Control: ways that IT can restrict physical access to devices. Biometrics will gain capacitive full fingerprint support on touchscreen devices using the app-based Settings widget, with biometrics now applicable to any Windows credential prompt of any kind (instead of during login only). Improved APIs for biometric support in Windows Apps, including WinRT.
  • Multifactor Authentication for BYOD: Continued streamlining for managing Virtual Smart Cards (VCS) including support for enrollment and management in WinRT, with more controls over how devices connect to internal networks, and secure access controls for personal devices in BYOD situations.
  • Trustworthy Identities and Devices: MS will seek to “increase the trustworthiness of the PKI by help manage and drive certificate best practices and adherence to standards…” This will include a daily scanning service for the top 2,000,000 SSL/TLS sites to look for anomalies or bad practices, and a requirement from servers or sevices to require attestation that private certificates and keys are protected by hardware (if not, access is denied — see the first bullet point above).
  • Data Protection: In Win8.1 devices encryption applies to all editions for devices that support InstantGo, where Windows 8.1 Pro and Enterprise will also get the benefits of BitLocker, including BitLocker To Go, a network key protector, and automatic recovery key escrow in AD, plus a “remote wipe” capability that enables IT to delete sensitive data if a machine gets lost or stolen, or on BYOD machines (without affecting personal data).
  • Malware Resistance: Windows Defender gains heuristics to monitor “bad behaviors” in memory, the registry, or the file system (before malware signatures get created or are available), and Internet Explorer gains the ability to screen binary extensions before they get loaded, along with default use of Enhanced Protection Mode in IE11.

It will be interesting to see how all this plays out, and how well the TPM requirements perform on systems that include such circuitry.

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