Word of the Day: Tech Definitions from WhatIs.com

April 11, 2018  3:35 PM

stateful app

Kaitlin Herbert Kaitlin Herbert Profile: Kaitlin Herbert

A stateful app is a program that saves client data from the activities of one session for use in the next session. The data that is saved is called the application’s state. Continued…

Quote of the Day

“While it’s difficult to provide hard-and-fast recommendations on how to manage stateful apps in the cloud, there is one universal rule: Never save data within an application component as a program variable.” – Tom Nolle

Learning Center
Four options to manage stateful apps in the cloud
A number of factors complicate the management of stateful apps in cloud computing. Review four ways, ranging from load balancing to orchestration, to overcome these challenges.

Stateful applications spark container management debate
Stateful applications are the subject of container management controversy, as enterprises move third-party and legacy apps to new IT architectures.

Containers vs. serverless: IT orgs seek ideal abstraction layer
The containers vs. serverless debate has heated up over the course of 2017, as IT pros search for a balance between control over infrastructure and ease of use.

Kubernetes storage projects dominate CNCF docket
The CNCF will host a Kubernetes storage project, called Rook, as it kicks off plans to improve the container orchestrator’s distributed storage features.

Security, stateful app features mark enterprise-friendly Kubernetes release
Kubernetes 1.7 adds new security features and broader support for stateful apps that are sure to appeal to the coveted enterprise market.

Trending Terms
Web app
stateless app
flash cookies

Writing for Business
In Kubernetes, a replication controller scales containers horizontally, ensuring there are more or ________ containers to meet the overall application’s computing needs.
A. less
B. fewer

April 10, 2018  7:05 PM

container image

Kaitlin Herbert Kaitlin Herbert Profile: Kaitlin Herbert

A container image is an unchangeable, static file that includes executable code so it can run an isolated process on information technology (IT) infrastructure. Continued…

Quote of the Day

“While IT operations is not responsible for creating container images, they can expect to deploy, manage, monitor and orchestrate the containers.” – Alan R. Earls

Learning Center
Select the best container monitoring tools for your environment
Different kinds of container monitoring tools track a wide range of data that keeps applications, networks and servers running as they should.

How to select, build and protect container images
Ensure the appropriate container image deploys safely and repeatably to production, with strategic processes and smart tools in place.

Use Azure Container Registry to manage Docker images
Azure Container Registry can store Docker images locally to avoid latency. Follow these steps to get started, and to learn about integration options.

Build Docker container images with AWS CodeBuild
Developers can use AWS CodeBuild, an alternative to Jenkins, to automate several aspects of a software release, including building Docker images.

Azure Container Instances provide an opt-out option for cluster ops
Azure Container Instances deliver containers as a service for use in test and development, container pilot programs and other setups.

Trending Terms
CoreOS rkt
continuous integration
Docker Hub
app containerization

Writing for Business
If you’re not _______ well-versed in microservices and containers, you’re running at the back of the pack.
A. already
B. all ready

April 9, 2018  9:41 PM

zombie VM

Kaitlin Herbert Kaitlin Herbert Profile: Kaitlin Herbert

A zombie VM is a virtual machine that is created, often for a particular purpose, and is forgotten when it is no longer needed for that purpose. Continued…

Quote of the Day

“Zombie VMs, zombie data and zombie infrastructure components all consume resources or cause confusion without offering anything in return.” – Brian Kirsch

Learning Center
Hunt zombie VMs and control virtualization sprawl
Abandoned or forgotten VMs can live on as zombie VMs that steal resources from the data center and cause virtualization sprawl. Eliminate them and their zombie data and infrastructure counterparts by monitoring usage and implementing VM tags.

IT cost reduction is vital as cloud expenses rise
Nobody likes to throw away their hard-earned money. These tips for IT cost reduction can save the department’s budget from coming out red.

How do you upgrade VM hardware, and what are the benefits?
Upgrade VM hardware in order to improve your system’s performance and take advantage of new technology as it develops.

Putting that zombie VM out to pasture
It takes a little bit of work to uncover a zombie VM in a data center where rigid controls have not been put in place.

Control VM sprawl with the right management tools
In this two-part series on how to control VM sprawl, we take a look at how implementing policies and right-size provisioning can prevent resource waste.

Trending Terms
virtualization sprawl
virtual server
zombie server
virtual machine lifecycle management
server sprawl
virtual machine

Writing for Business
Application streaming and virtualization can help you _______ greater network efficiency.
A. attain
B. obtain

April 6, 2018  9:47 PM

natural language generation (NLG)

Kaitlin Herbert Kaitlin Herbert Profile: Kaitlin Herbert

Natural language generation (NLG) is the use of artificial intelligence (AI) programming to produce written or spoken narrative from a dataset. Continued…

Quote of the Day

“If you show someone a data point, and it’s interesting, they should then ask why it is that way. NLG answers that. It adds context to everything.” – Luke Horgan

Learning Center
Natural language generation software making inroads in enterprises
Natural language generation software is gradually finding its way into enterprises as businesses look to deploy emerging artificial intelligence tools.

Natural language generation software turns data into plain English
Natural language generation software takes large quantities of numerical data and converts them into narrative for reports on financial performance.

AI functionality limited today but could be a game-changer
Today’s limited and overhyped AI functionality could soon give way to technology that is truly transformative for enterprises.

Artificial intelligence strategies tackle ‘reasonable goals’ — not moonshots
CIOs needn’t panic if their artificial intelligence strategies aren’t fully formed. But that doesn’t mean they shouldn’t get rolling. Gartner analyst Whit Andrews offers therapy and to-dos.

Natural language driving proliferation of FB Messenger
Natural language processing isn’t quite ready to pass the Turing test, but NLP bots using the technology are taking off.

Trending Terms
knowledge base
content generation software
natural language processing
natural language understanding
artificial personality
virtual assistant

Writing for Business
When compared ____ the high-performance computers of thirty years ago, current PCs seem like supercomputers.
A. with
B. to

April 3, 2018  9:21 PM

Oracle Autonomous Database

Kaitlin Herbert Kaitlin Herbert Profile: Kaitlin Herbert

Oracle Autonomous Database is a cloud-based technology designed to automate many of the routine tasks required to manage Oracle databases. Continued…

Quote of the Day

“Fixing security vulnerabilities as they happen with automatic patching and using machine learning log mining for anomalies is the first step of autonomous security in the database.” – Richard Niemiec

Learning Center
Oracle Autonomous Database debut heralds new cloud hopes
CTO Larry Ellison touts machine learning for data management as the initial data warehousing version of Oracle Autonomous Database cloud service rolls out.

Oracle sees Autonomous Database changing DBA roles for the good
Oracle Autonomous Database Cloud is likely to alter the jobs of database administrators, but Oracle thinks the changes in DBA roles will be a good thing.

Oracle taps advanced machine learning to automate Oracle 18c
Advanced machine learning at the heart of a cloud database service built on Oracle 18c is no threat to DBA job security, Larry Ellison said at Oracle OpenWorld.

Machine learning in Oracle’s autonomous database not so magical
Oracle leader Ellison makes the case that machine learning in an autonomous database in the cloud is new, but it is part of a long-running trend.

Taking stock of Oracle AI application and database moves
Hear analysis of the Oracle AI and Autonomous Database announcements from Holger Mueller of Constellation Research in a podcast from Oracle OpenWorld 2017.

Trending Terms
database administrator
machine learning
autonomic computing
non-disruptive upgrade
rolling deployment
data anonymization
five nines

Writing for Business
There’s ___ SQL Server tool available to help DBAs with almost any performance issue they may face.
A. a
B. an

April 2, 2018  8:46 PM

Power over Ethernet (PoE)

Kaitlin Herbert Kaitlin Herbert Profile: Kaitlin Herbert

Power over Ethernet (PoE) is a technology for wired Ethernet local area networks (LANs) that allows the electrical current necessary for the operation of each device to be carried by the data cables rather than by power cords. Continued…

Quote of the Day

“There are several different PoE standards and each standard provides a different maximum per-port watt output. Therefore, it’s important to know how much power your end devices actually require.” – Andrew Froehlich

Learning Center
Demands of the edge drive IEEE 802.3bt standard
The new IEEE 802.3bt standard targets enhanced efficiency for Power over Ethernet to support the growing demands of network edge devices, such as point-of-sale terminals.

Seven criteria to consider before evaluating campus LAN switches
Establishing what capabilities you will need before you begin researching specific campus LAN switches can save you time and money.

Arista Networks’ ultralow-latency switches offer high performance
Arista Networks offers ultralow-latency switches for a variety of vertical markets, including finance, government, and media and entertainment.

A look at Dell switches that can support networks of all sizes
Smaller networks and campus environments can benefit from a variety of Dell switches that offer improvements in performance and port density.

Dell’s new multigig campus switches built for wired, wireless LAN
Dell has introduced two multigigabit campus switches that can run the network operating system of Dell or its partners. The N series switches go on sale in the spring.

Trending Terms
NBASE-T Ethernet
VoIP phone
IEEE Standards Association

Writing for Business
There are a number of methods you can use to capture VoIP calls ___ a LAN.
A. off
B. off of

March 30, 2018  8:43 PM

cloud disaster recovery (cloud DR)

Kaitlin Herbert Kaitlin Herbert Profile: Kaitlin Herbert

Cloud disaster recovery (cloud DR) is a backup and restore strategy that involves storing and maintaining copies of electronic records in a cloud computing environment as a security measure. Continued…

Quote of the Day

“Cloud DR can improve resilience, allow for quicker response in times of disaster and supplement your existing DR strategy.” – Erin Sullivan

Learning Center
Disaster recovery for cloud computing: Burning questions
When considering disaster recovery for cloud computing, there are a lot of variables. Here are five frequently asked questions about cloud DR.

Arcserve UDP Cloud Direct cuts downtime for cloud DR
The Arcserve UDP Cloud Direct platform — based on Zetta technology — provides a five-minute RTO and a 15-minute RPO for data protection in the cloud.

Cloud disaster recovery plan testing should include provider
Explore this checklist of best practices for cloud disaster recovery plan testing. Testing is just as important for DRaaS as it is for legacy DR.

Beware of hidden gotchas in DR-as-a-service options
The DR-as-a-service market is so competitive, and the available options so varied, that it can be tough for IT decision makers to make a selection.

IT resilience: Ski resort takes DR to the cloud
Aiming for IT resilience, Jay Peak Resort deployed a cloud-based disaster recovery service using Zerto Virtual Replication and Microsoft Azure.

Build and test a cloud-based disaster recovery plan
To build a cloud-based disaster recovery plan, first choose the right approach, such as hybrid or multicloud. Then, be sure to test your plan regularly.

Trending Terms
disaster recovery plan
recovery time objective
cloud backup
cloud storage SLA

Writing for Business
The point of disaster recovery is the same for both large enterprises and _________ need to stay in business.
A. SMBs: They
B. SMBs: they

March 29, 2018  7:24 PM

data stewardship

Kaitlin Herbert Kaitlin Herbert Profile: Kaitlin Herbert

Data stewardship is the management and oversight of an organization’s data assets. Continued…

Quote of the Day

“To a large degree, the success of a data governance strategy depends on the success of its associated data stewardship efforts.” – David Loshin

Learning Center
Watson’s Law: IBM preaches data stewardship as A.I. advances
IBM chairman and CEO Ginni Rometty discussed Watson’s Law and the importance of data stewardship and security at the company’s Think conference.

Kaiser’s data governance model leans heavily on data stewards
Kaiser Permanente’s chief data governance officer discusses how he manages the data stewards who underpin the health system’s data governance model.

Data managers apply data governance principles on the sly
Increasingly, chief data officers and their teams are promoting adherence to data governance principles without using heavy-handed ‘data police’ tactics.

Data lake management, governance a hands-on job for big data teams
Effective data lake management and governance helps avoid information chaos in big data systems. But there’s no easy recipe for big data governance.

How data governance software helps ensure the integrity of your data
Data governance software, one facet of a data governance program, helps organizations manage and ensure the integrity of their growing volumes of data.

Trending Terms
data governance
data quality
data profiling
business-IT alignment
data-driven decision management
extract, transform, load

Writing for Business
Business intelligence systems can only work if data _____ throughout the enterprise’s systems.
A. jives
B. jibes
C. gibes

March 28, 2018  7:19 PM

progressive web app (PWA)

Kaitlin Herbert Kaitlin Herbert Profile: Kaitlin Herbert

A progressive web app (PWA) is a website that looks and behaves as if it is a mobile app. Continued…

Quote of the Day

“As performance and user experience become more essential to the success of an enterprise mobile app, progressive web apps gain interest — and may eventually become the future standard for mobile development.” – Erica Mixon

Learning Center
Progressive web apps drive mobile development of the future
Progressive web apps improve user experience — and they’re changing the face of mobile app development. Discover how organizations can take advantage.

Using progressive web applications to improve the user experience
At the O’Reilly Fluent Conference, Dean Hume, chief technology officer of Settled, shared tips for implementing progressive web applications.

Forbes chases Millennials with ‘progressive web app,’ Snapchat-like design
Forbes’ quest to remain relevant includes a mobile site rebuilt as a ‘progressive web app’ and ‘narrative streams.

Five rapid application development tools to consider for mobile
Learn about different vendors’ low- and no-code platforms, micro apps, and more in this rundown of rapid application development tools.

Scalability, performance soar with mobile apps in the cloud
When IT and dev teams run mobile apps in the cloud vs. on premises, they typically see big gains around scalability, speed and more.

Trending Terms
native app
progressive download
form factor
application sandboxing
mobile application development platform

Writing for Business
I prefer native apps ___ Web apps because they’re customized for my smartphone.
A. than
B. to

March 27, 2018  4:57 PM

Betteridge’s law

Kaitlin Herbert Kaitlin Herbert Profile: Kaitlin Herbert

Betteridge’s law is an adage that states “Any headline that ends in a question mark can be answered by the word no.” Continued…

Quote of the Day

“Data and analytics leaders should not underestimate the current risk of people intentionally disseminating misleading information.” – Kurt Schlegel

Learning Center
Researchers work on AI algorithms to detect fake news
Artificial intelligence researchers are being challenged to come up with AI algorithms that can identify fake news, but is the technology ready?

Is Fake News Destroying Democracy?
The issues of fake news are not new and democracy has always been a fragile flower, not a vigorous weed.

Cognitive hacking: Understanding the threat of bad data
Cognitive hacking and bad data were used during the 2016 presidential election, and they can be used against enterprises. Here’s what you need to know.

Tech jobs for all, robots and fighting fake news at IBM InterConnect 2017
IBM InterConnect 2017 showcased state-of-the-art tech tools, women in technology and more.

Gartner issues four-part prescription for data and analytics leaders
Data and analytics leaders must shift from manual processes done by the few to automated analytics done by the many, says Gartner.

Trending Terms
fake news
weaponized information
cognitive hacking
social engineering
critical thinking

Writing for Business
I was annoyed when my friend shared the Facebook post about the dangers of microwave ovens, but he didn’t know any better. It was just a case of __________.
A. misinformation
B. disinformation

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