Looking for clarification on new IP layout

Active Directory
Network monitoring
Network protocols
Networking services
I currently have a network. I have one cisco router with many cisco switches that allow everyone to have a DHCP ip of 192.168.1.X. I will soon have more people then the /24 will handle, so I would like to switch to: subnet mask broadcast That gives me as my starting IP, and an ending IP of Does this mean that i can have a swich with and another switch with and they are both on the same network and will be able to talk to each other just like if they were and ? I am trying to keep the network as simple as I can. I am not interested in creating Vlans and stuff like that. Also, with my current DHCP, I have the scope as start IP, End IP, Subnet mask then the address pool has the range for distribution as the entire 1.1 - 1.254 with another range of 1.1- 1.99 being excluded from distribution. Setting up the new DHCP should be about the same with the new IP's. Scope, range for distribution, range to be excluded, etc... Any help is greatly appreciated. Thank you

Answer Wiki

Thanks. We'll let you know when a new response is added.

Yes, the two IP’s and would be in the same subnet. You could also setup 192.168.x.x with a address and achieve the same result, as the 192.168.x.x range is a 16 bit subnet mask. This may be less headache since you’re used to the address space already. Change all of your subnet masks to reflect the new one and add new hosts in the second address range you choose to migrate the network.

Just realize that the reason to avoid making such a large subnet is because of broadcast storms that may be experienced with that many hosts in the same collision domain. Every system that receives a broadcast message must process the message, regardless of whether it is addressed for that machine or not. That is the reason that most people subnet their networks, not because they want to make it more complex. IPv6 is supposed to fix the broadcast storm problem by using multicast addresses versus using ARP to announce layer 2 addresses and find other computers.


Discuss This Question: 2  Replies

There was an error processing your information. Please try again later.
Thanks. We'll let you know when a new response is added.
Send me notifications when members answer or reply to this question.
  • Kevins74
    Don, Thanks for the response. With that said, do you think I would really see that much of an impact with using the subnet with a mask. I do not plan on this getting any bigger at least with this office and I can't even see it using much of the extra range. All my switches are 3560's and I am fine with keeping the subnets small, it is just not at this moment in time (a lot going on)
    0 pointsBadges:
  • Astronomer
    Kevin; I have a similar issue as we restructure one of our campuses. In a modern network the limit is mainly determined by broadcast traffic and this is highly dependent on the operating systems used. I put the question to HP procurve support and cisco, "How many nodes should I limit each subnet to?" Cisco didn't respond but HP told me a modern switched net like ours, (1 Gig backbone, 100 Mbit to clients, windows 2000 and XP), shouldn't have more than 300 nodes on a specific subnet. On our main campus our /22 nets are suffering from excessive broadcasts. Your planned /23 net is half as big as the ones I am trying to get rid of. Given this response, I will be limiting each subnet to class C. I suggest you follow a similar model and use two class C subnets connected by a router or layer 3 switch. You can avoid VLANs if you wish by partitioning physically with each switch on a specific subnet. This a more complex design than you have contemplated but it will allow cleaner growth. If you do pull the mask out to supernet two class C nets together, keep a watch on your broadcast traffic. As other responses suggested, there is no reason you need to switch to the 172.16 range with modern operating systems. rt
    15 pointsBadges:

Forgot Password

No problem! Submit your e-mail address below. We'll send you an e-mail containing your password.

Your password has been sent to:

To follow this tag...

There was an error processing your information. Please try again later.

Thanks! We'll email you when relevant content is added and updated.


Share this item with your network: