Yes, it is possible.
The dump is actually a text file with all the commands needed to recreate your objects and insert the appropriate data. You can open the dump file and look for the name of your table. It usually starts with a comment, then you have a DROP TABLE, a CREATE TABLE, and some INSERTs. Just copy all the related lines of text to a new file and execute it on the desired database to restore the table.
With huge files it can be necessary to do this from the terminal with some shell commands (sed or awk for example) to avoid having to open the file with a text editor, but in this case it should be easy to do it manually.
Another possibility could be to restore the whole backup on another server and then dump only the desired table, so you can use that new dump to restore only that table in your production server.