Calling an Oracle stored procedure in Java

1150090 pts.
Tags:
Java
Oracle
Stored Procedures
In my Oracle database, I have this stored procedure:
procedure getInfo ( p_ids IN IDS_TABLE, p_details OUT cursor )
Here's what the IDS_TABLE means:
create or replace type IDS_TABLE as table of IDS    

create or replace type IDS as object ( id1 NUMBER, id2 NUMBER, id3 NUMBER )
Would it be possible for me to call getInfo in Java?
1

Answer Wiki

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Hi,

Setting up a link between Oracle SQL objects and java objects manually is not a trivial task. In particular, arrays (or nested tables) of user-defined objects are more complex to pass from java to Oracle than arrays of standard datatypes. In other words, it is easier to call a procedure with signature:

(TABLE OF NUMBER, TABLE OF NUMBER, TABLE OF NUMBER)`
than a procedure whose signature is:

(TABLE OF (NUMBER, NUMBER, NUMBER))   <- your case
You can write a wrapper around your procedure to transform the second case into the first case.

That being said, it is by far not impossible to map your procedure. The following example is largely inspired by a post by Tom Kyte. Tom describes how to map a TABLE OF NUMBER using oracle.sql.ARRAY. In your case we will also have to use oracle.sql.STRUCT to map the IDS SQL object.

You may also want to browse the Oracle JDBC doc, in particular the chapter Working with Oracle Object Types.

First is a setup similar to yours:

SQL> CREATE OR REPLACE TYPE IDS AS OBJECT ( id1 NUMBER, id2 NUMBER, id3 NUMBER );
  2  /
Type created

SQL> CREATE OR REPLACE TYPE IDS_TABLE AS TABLE OF IDS;
  2  /
Type created

SQL> CREATE OR REPLACE PROCEDURE getInfo(p_ids IN IDS_TABLE) IS
  2  BEGIN
  3     FOR i IN 1 .. p_ids.COUNT LOOP
  4        dbms_output.put_line(p_ids(i).id1
  5                             || ‘,’ || p_ids(i).id2
  6                             || ‘,’ || p_ids(i).id3);
  7     END LOOP;
  8  END getInfo;
  9  /     
Procedure created
This is the java procedure:

SQL> CREATE OR REPLACE
  2  AND COMPILE JAVA SOURCE NAMED “ArrayDemo”
  3  as
  4  import java.io.*;
  5  import java.sql.*;
  6  import oracle.sql.*;
  7  import oracle.jdbc.driver.*;
  8  
  9  public class ArrayDemo {
 10  
 11     public static void passArray() throws SQLException {
 12  
 13        Connection conn =
 14           new OracleDriver().defaultConnection();
 15  
 16  
 17        StructDescriptor itemDescriptor =
 18           StructDescriptor.createDescriptor(“IDS”,conn);
 19  
 20        Object[] itemAtributes = new Object[] {new Integer(1),
 21                                               new Integer(2),
 22                                               new Integer(3)};
 23        STRUCT itemObject1 = new STRUCT(itemDescriptor,conn,itemAtributes);
 24  
 25        itemAtributes = new Object[] {new Integer(4),
 26                                      new Integer(5),
 27                                      new Integer(6)};
 28        STRUCT itemObject2 = new STRUCT(itemDescriptor,conn,itemAtributes);
 29  
 30        STRUCT[] idsArray = {itemObject1,itemObject2};
 31  
 32        ArrayDescriptor descriptor =
 33           ArrayDescriptor.createDescriptor( “IDS_TABLE”, conn );
 34  
 35        ARRAY array_to_pass =
 36           new ARRAY( descriptor, conn, idsArray );
 37  
 38        OraclePreparedStatement ps =
 39           (OraclePreparedStatement)conn.prepareStatement
 40           ( “begin getInfo(:x); end;” );
 41  
 42        ps.setARRAY( 1, array_to_pass );
 43        ps.execute();
 44  
 45     }
 46  }
 47  /
Java created
Let’s call it:

SQL> CREATE OR REPLACE
  2  PROCEDURE show_java_calling_plsql
  3  AS LANGUAGE JAVA
  4  NAME ‘ArrayDemo.passArray()’;
  5  /
Procedure created

SQL> exec show_java_calling_plsql ;
1,2,3
4,5,6

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed

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