Backing up the system state of a Windows Server 2008

1158105 pts.
Backup servers
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2008 Backup Utility
When backing up the system state of a Windows Server 2008, what files am I backing up? Are all the registry hives present? Is there a way to back up this data manually or can I only do it using NTBackup?

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Registry entries are included in the system state backup.
ou can not do it manually since the files are in a “locked” mode. Most programs have the capability to unlock those files in the process of backing those critical files up.

Here’s a description of the process:

System state includes more data on Windows Server 2008 than in the Windows Server 2003 operating system. In Windows Server 2008, the exact system components which make up the system state depend on the configuration of the computer. System state data includes at least the following and may include additional data that is configuration dependent:

COM+ class registration database.
Boot files, including system files.
Certificate Services database.
Active Directory Domain Services.
SYSVOL directory.
Cluster Service information.
Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS) meta-directory.
System files that are under Windows File Protection (WFP).

System state cannot be backed up separately – critical volumes (volumes storing system components including NTDS.dit, SYSVOL and %windir%) can be backed up. On domain controllers which are using the DFS Replication service for SYSVOL replication (i.e. Windows Server 2008 domain functional level), the DFS Replication service co-operates with Windows Server Backup in order to backup the SYSVOL folder.

There are only 2 kinds of Backup type in Windows Server 2008

1. Full Server Backup
A full server backup is a backup of every volume on the server.

2. Critical Volumes Backup
Critical volumes are volumes which are required to recover Active Directory Directory Service.
Critical volumes must include the boot-sector volume and the volumes that contain the following data:

Operating system files (all files in %windir%)
Ntds.dit database and log files
SYSVOL folders

I hope all the information will be helpful for you.

Thanks for your time.

David Shen
Microsoft Online Community Support

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