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Have you ever thought to replace the Java programming language with another? Well, an alternative with some buzz is Kotlin. While it remains to be seen if the programming language will overcome Java with app developers, it’s another option to consider.
When we talk about mobile app development, Android app developers are still confused as to which platform is the “right” choice between Kotlin and Java. When you compare the features between Kotlin and Java, it’s evident to me that Kotlin takes home a clear win because it’s simple, clean and stripped of code.
Let’s look at a few Kotlin features to clear up some doubts about the language and why a developer should consider it for their next project.
Complete Java interoperability
One major convenience associated with Kotlin is its compatibility with Java. A developer can use all of Java’s tools and frameworks, and add them to a Kotlin project without the need to change the entire project in Java. Kotlin’s interoperability with Java could be a major selling point for developers, because there’s no extra legwork required to migrate your entire project from Java.
Unlike Java, where bug fixes often require high volumes of code, Kotlin instead uses fewer code lines to solve issues. When properly programmed, developers who use Kotlin will see more reliable code with less bugs and crashes on the UX side.
Kotlin is comprised of smart casts, data classes, type interface and properties that makes it easy to maintain, read and apply necessary changes to your project.
When you compare Kotlin and Java code, you’ll see that Kotlin is more compact and clear. As a result, the smaller amount of code can also add a layer of security to your app development. Less code allows for fewer code errors, and can prevent common programming mistakes, cause fewer crashes and reduce the number of system failures.
Developers are always encouraged to consider potential issues in their code as early in the development process as possible. However, when you program in Java, this isn’t always an easy task. Kotlin developers can more easily identify possible problem areas early in the programming stages, and write more cautious code to mitigate these issues before they occur.
Smart and safe compiler
When Kotlin was created, one of its main goals was to include a strong compiler for developers to use. A compiler is a crucial element in any programming language because it helps detect errors at compile-time and not at runtime, which takes full advantage of the “fail-fast” principle. Also, the compiler performs multiple checks, potentially reduce errors during runtime and the number of bugs in the code.
Easy to maintain
I wouldn’t consider Kotlin a “one-stop language” for all app development, but it does offer support for most IDEs along with Android Studio. Developers have the choice to continue on their preferred development environment or test any other supported ones with their preferred tools to maintain their codebase at scale.
Kotlin was created with the developer’s productivity in mind. Kotlin focuses on clean design and intuitive syntax to help developers write new code in shorter timeframes than other programming languages. It also makes sure that the code can be quickly deployed and maintained at scale. The language also is equipped with other useful features such as object declarations, parameter values, and extension functions.
Carefully weigh the pros and cons of Kotlin and Java for your development needs and see if a switch makes sense for your future projects.