Ever since the original Surface and Surface Pro models were introduced, users have been able to refresh their installations or reinstall the OS using the device’s recovery image, which is stored by default as a separate partition on its primary (SSD) drive. This enables easy repair or recovery for any Surface that can still access that drive without having to locate and use a matching external recovery disk. Nevertheless, MS recommends that users or admins create such a drive using the “Create a recovery drive” facility provided as part of the Windows 8/8.1 runtime environment (and carried forward in the Windows 10 Technical Preview, as a similar desktop search on my test installations just verified). Here’s what the Disk Management utility on my SP3 shows after running that utility on a UFD of suitable size (that utility says it should be “8 GB or greater” but MS recommends 16 GB or greater on its “Download a recovery image for your Surface” page for SP3 models).
Although MS recommends 16 GB for the UFD to hold the recovery partition, actual space consumed is under 6 GB using the local recovery utility, and .
Last week, MS made download images available for all of its Surface Models (RT and Pro models in the 1, 2, and 3 series) at the afore-linked download page, to address those situations where recovery may be needed and the primary drive on the Surface in question may not be available (and no external recovery drive has been created in advance). The process requires Surface owners to enter a valid serial number for each such download, but can be conducted and completed on another PC — I did it on my primary production desktop last night, for example — including the creation of the recovery drive on a UFD of suitable size once that download is complete. It comes in the form of a ZIP file that is 6.18 GB in size and 6.24 GB when its contents are extracted and copied to a target drive.
Warning: this tool only enables restoration or recovery of a “factory-fresh” Windows image. That means you’ll lose all of the applications you’ve installed since firing up your Surface for the first time. That’s why I prefer the Slimware Utilities RecImgManager utility: it captures a current snapshot for the “Refresh your system” operation that includes all the elements you’ve added to (or tweaked within) your system. Using this tool is a two-step operation, though: you’ll still have to run the basic refresh or recovery operation through Windows 8 or 8.1 using the recovery drive described here, then install RecImgManager and refresh to that image. This latter item must come from an external USB drive, alas, which necessitates working in the Surface Pro dock or using a USB 3 hub to accommodate both the recovery UFD and the drive with the RecImgManager refresh image, to get all the way back to where you want to be. But this “two-step” is still faster than installing a typical collection of applications on most workaday machines, though — Secunia PSI counts 52 on my Surface Pro 3, including a MS Office, a typical collection of third-party Web browsers, plus miscellaneous tools and utilities. In my experience bringing back the runtime environment takes longer to install than the underlying OS, usually by a significant margin.
This is the third in a series of pre-holiday posts this week to highlight some small but potent high-tech devices, suitable for IT pros and enthusiasts alike, be they for yourself or somebody else on your Christmas list who fits that designation. Today’s item of interest goes a bit bigger than the previous entry, and advises readers that older PCs (especially notebooks or laptops, not tablets) with Secure Digital (SD) ports can now accommodate 128 GB of storage in that form factor as well. These are noticeably cheaper than their micro SD counterparts — about half the cost, in fact — and generally fall in a price range from $40 or thereabouts for slower models to $70 or less for faster ones. All the big names in flash memory, and lots of lesser lights as well, come into this mix as this Google search will happily demonstrate.
Here’s a PNY model I picked up from Newegg for about $64 that does the job quite nicely
Even more recently 256 GB models have become available, but these are considerably more expensive, with a much wider range of prices. The cheapest I can find is a PNY model from the same series as the 128 GB model shown above, starting at about $110, climbing quickly into the $200 range for models from Kingston and Lexar, and above $300 for models from most other makers (e.g. SanDisk, Delkin, and a 1000X model from Lexar).
Either way, 128 or 256 GB of reasonably fast (about on par with a 5,400 RPM hard disk if CrystalDiskMark results are any guide to performance) can provide a considerable storage boost to notebooks or laptops, especially those (like two of mine) that have only 120ish GB of SSD storage installed as their primary drives. For the 128 GB models, this is significantly cheaper than buying a 256 or 512 GB 2.5″ SSD, and a lot easier to install. But for those to whom a 256 GB bump seems warranted, I’d recommend migrating from an older, smaller SSD to a new and bigger one instead of plunking down the cash for a 256 GB SD card. With el-cheapo 250ish GB SSDs readily available for around $100, and higher performing models in the $130 range, this makes a lot more sense, as this Newegg search demonstrates.
This week, in anticipation of next week’s big holiday, I’m ruminating on little devices suitable for hi-tech stocking stuffers. Today’s item of interest is a 128 GB SDXC memory card, which provides a nice storage boost to any smartphone or tablet capable of accommodating that much storage in such a small package. I’m still amazed and bemused that the miracle of miniaturization enables such a huge volume of storage to be crammed into a device smaller than most of my fingernails in surface area. 128 GB models started to become available on the market in early 2014 with the introduction of a SanDisk model. As I write this blog post, Google Shopping shows me models available from at least half-a-dozen vendors, also including Lexar, PNY, Kingston, OV Micro, and others, in a price range from $100 to $130 or thereabouts.
More storage on a tiny chip than in typical first-generation SSDs, but nowhere near as fast.
If you have a tablet or smartphone with an SDXC slot, or somebody else on your Christmas shopping list has one, this kind of thing makes a great gift. While substantial as stocking stuffers go, even with the typical micro SD-to-standard SD adapter that comes with many micro SDXC cards, it fits quite nicely into a stocking-shaped enclosure as well. At $100 to $130 it ain’t exactly cheap, but you or your lucky recipient will no doubt appreciate the thought that went into its selection, as well as the added capacity it affords. For smaller Android tablets (16 GB or less of built-in storage), this can add life to those devices, as well as additional breathing room.
There is one important caveat that comes with any memory card, however. While these devices may offer substantial added storage, they are not anywhere near as fast as an SSD of any kind (even of the eMMC variety). The SanDisk SSD depicted above posts the following results on my Surface Pro 3 using CrystalDiskMark 3.0:
An SDXC card runs like a run-of-the-mill USB 3 UFD, NOT like an SSD
You can indeed use such a card to extend storage on a tablet or smartphone. But you wouldn’t want to relocate your paging file there on a Windows device, or use it for anything else where snappy storage response makes a noticeable difference.
What with Christmas less than two weeks away, and the upcoming end-of-year break not far behind, I thought I’d lighten up this week with a series of carefully chosen stocking stuffers for high-tech types. If you’re in a giving mood, you can hand these things out at low expense; if you need some more entries for your Christmas list, you can pick up some affordable ideas that won’t break your benefactors’ banks.
I’ll open with the Atom series of USB 3 Flash Drives from Mushkin. They’re so small that when plugged into a USB port, you can leave them there on a tablet or notebook PC without impeding entry into or exit from a carrying case or sleeve. Capacities range from 8 GB all the way to 64 GB, and they’re reasonably fast (if not on par with top-end UFDs with SSD controllers like Mushkin’s Ventura Ultra line, or even their mid-range Ventura Pro and Ventura Plus lines) and extremely affordable. At Newegg, for example, prices run like this (rounded up to the next dollar): 8 GB/$8, 16GB/$13, 32GB/$15, and 64GB/$25. To my way of thinking, this makes the 32GB version an unbeatable price/capacity tradeoff winner.
With the cap off and plugged-in, the Atom sticks out less than 0.25″ (6mm) from the port it inhabits.
I own this drive in 8 and 32 GB sizes, and regularly use the smaller one as a bootable UFD for installing various Windows versions (most recently, Build 9879 of the Windows 10 Technical Preview). I’ve used it on various Dell and Lenovo notebook PCs to good effect, and on the Fujitsu Q704, Surface Pro 3, and Dell Venue Pro 11 tablets likewise. You can leave it in all the time, and it never gets in the way when packing it into a Targus notebook carrier or tablet sleeve. And the price is definitely right, too. The only downside is these puppies are so small, it would be easy to lose one (but I haven’t had that problem yet, so you or those who get one from you may be able to escape that fate as well).
Since 2011, I’ve blogged at least half a dozen times about various utilities from Nir Sofer, an apparently hyperactive developer with a penchant for building terrific Windows utilities of all kinds. He updates them quite frequently, too: I get at least one dozen notices a month about changes to one or more of his 100-plus tools of all shapes and sizes. If you’d like to try out the whole collection, there’s an easy way to glom onto it, too:
If you grab NirLauncher, you automatically grab the latest versions of all NirSoft utilities in one go.
The control center for NirLauncher is a simple set of buttons that group these tools by category, then list the items associated with each category, according to the title bar headers at the top of each listing. The collection is big enough that it takes a little time to get to know and use, but is well worth digging into. Some of my personal favorites include BlueScreenView, DevManView, DriverView, ProduKey, ShellExView, and USBDeview, but there are many more gems in this collection worth learning about. Here’s a snippet from the System Utilities list:
Grab this free utility from the NirLauncher product page (~20 MB) and check it out for yourself. I’m running it right now on a Windows 10 installation, but I’ve used these tools on Windows XP through 8.1 also, all to good effect.
Thanks to a recent post to the Windows For Your Business blog entitled “MDOP 2014 R2 Now Available,” I’m happy to relay that message to my readership, and to those interested in Microsoft’s excellent collection of virtualization tools. In particular, the Application Virtualization (App-V) and User Experience Virtualization (UE-V) elements have come in for some major changes, particularly in simplifying application and settings virtualizations, in creating groups of virtualized applications that load in concert, and in smoothing out the deployment of Virtualized Office installations. In short, there’s a lot to like about this latest MDOP iteration. Be sure to check it out!
Here’s a tile-based diagram of the various MDOP components, courtesy of the MDOP page on TechNet:
Microsoft Enterprise Desktop Virtualization (MED-V): enterprise solution for desktop virtualization, based on creating, delivering, and managing corporate virtual PC images for Windows-based desktops.
Microsoft Advanced Group Policy Management (AGPM): a system for comprehensive change control, offline editing, and role-based delegation for Group Policy Objects (GPOs).
Microsoft BitLocker Administration and Monitoring (MBAM): enterprise management for BitLocker and BitLocker to Go, including deployment, key recovery, centralized compliance monitoring and reporting, for provisioning and supporting encrypted drives.
Microsoft Diagnostics and Recovery Toolset (DaRT): Provides a set of administrative tools for desktop repair planning and service delivery, including components for analyzing crashes, diagnostic and recovery tools, plus local and remote computer recovery facilities.
Who qualifies for MDOP use? Technically, it requires licensing through Microsoft’s Software Assurance program, but it is also available to those with a Premium level MSDN subscription, or who are still hanging on to the vestiges of a TechNet Subscription. It’s definitely worth investigating and getting to know for mid-sized and larger operations that must support Windows desktops for their user base or clientele. If you’re new to MDOP, you might want to start out at the MDOP home page in the Enterprise Products and Technologies silo on the MS Website; otherwise, feel free to dig into any or all of the afore-linked TechNet resources instead.
Those who’ve been through Windows previews in the past have learned to approach their test setups with a certain amount of caution, if not downright trepidation. That’s because MS has traditionally blocked the simple upgrade path from technical previews/betas to final releases, as denoted by the version that gets released to OEMs for installation and delivery after the GA date, and to MSDN and other online release repositories for licensed customers around 30 days prior to general availability. Though there are usually registry hacks promoted to permit upgrades to occur unofficially, the lack of an official path means that tech support can’t help with problems that occasionally occur when trying to upgrade outside the official upgrade source OSes.
In what looks to be an interesting and positive departure from this tradition (which applied to Windows 7 and 8 versions, and even Vista) WinBeta reported a Twitter exchange on this subject between Gabe Aul, an active and outward facing member of the Operating Systems Group at Microsoft (and something of a recent Windows 10 spokesperson for the company). Brevity being a key characteristic of Twitter, I can easily reproduce that exchange right here to report that an upgrade path may be supported when Windows 10 moves to RTM later in 2015:
MS intends to provide an upgrade path from the Technical Previews to the RTM version: will that actually happen? Hope so!
Aul is pretty careful with his language, but it’s clear that this is something MS will try to include amidst the many other new features and changes that Windows 10 will bring to the embattled desktop OS side of “Windows world” next year. It should be interesting to see if this comes to pass, and convenient for those who’d like to keep their test installations up and running after the preview phase ends, and the latest and greatest Windows desktop OS becomes officially available.
Earlier this week, MS released a Windows 10 Update named KB3020114 “Explorer.exe continuously crashes after you upgrade…” Although many Technical Preview users reported difficulties with installation, in the absence of an error message from Windows Update, I assumed my Win10TP machine had digested and added the update without difficulties. I assumed wrong: when I checked that machine this morning after reading Woody Leonhard’s excellent InfoWorld article entitled “Fix arrives for KB 3020114 bug — thanks to a user” and I saw that WU was still proffering the same update to me as if nothing had happened when I attempted the install earlier this week, I realized I too had fallen victim to this issue.
After 5 failed install attempts, the workaround finally results in success.
As described in Woody’s article, and in a story by Paul Thurrott, the workaround needed to get the update to install requires first uninstalling KB items 3019269, 3018943, 3016725, and 3016656 (to do that, choose Programs and Features in Control Panel, then View Installed Updates, then select and uninstall the items listed one-by-one until all are gone: there’s no need to reboot after any of those update items go away, even though the uninstaller prompts you to do so). Next, you’ll return to Windows Update where instead of being proffered the previous four items again, you’ll be proffered three of them plus 3020114 but not 3016656. Install all of them, and you should be all caught up with Windows Update, including KB3020114.
What happened to KB3016656? Nobody who knows anything is saying doodly-squat. But at least, the workaround sets Windows 10 back on the straight and narrow. Sigh.
Now that I’ve discovered an easy way to reliably get to and download the crapware-free “Slim” version of CCleaner, I’ve returned to using it on my PCs. Just recently, Piriform released a new major version of this tried-and-true Windows Utility (the current version is labeled v5.00.5050). It features a slightly different look, with flatter and crisper icons and a cleaner layout, as shown here:
Sure CCleaner v5 looks a little less cluttered, but what really makes it worth downloading is the speed increase.
The most noticeable thing about this latest release also helps to explain why I’m recommending it to fellow Windows utility connoisseurs and tool fanciers — namely, it’s gotten a definite and palpable speed boost. Because CCleaner cruises the file system to look for elements that could (or should) be deleted by way of clean-up, the speed of the tool is important to its users. My informal evaluation of the v4-vs-v5 versions is that the latest CCleaner incarnation is at least 30% faster than its immediate predecessor. In particular, it seems to buzz through the temporary Internet folders that Windows creates for Web browser downloads significantly more quickly than it used to. This makes the latest version entirely worthy of downloading and using, either to update already-installed versions, or to drop another nice new addition into your Windows toolbox.
About the CCleaner “Slim” Version
Late last August (8/27/14), I posted a blog right here entitled “Goodbye CCleaner, Hello Wise Disk Cleaner?” that explains that the standard version of CCleaner includes some additional third-party software, among which is a well-known advertising module called OpenCandy (see also Malwaretips.com “How to remove PUP.Optional.OpenCandy“). Users who wish to avoid bringing such tag-along software to their Windows machines can download the “Slim” version of the CCleaner program instead, providing they know how to do so. Here’s a recipe for grabbing that version:
1. Visit the Piriform CCleaner update page, then scroll to the bottom of that page.
2. Click the “No thanks” button at the bottom right of the page, to get to the Download page.
3. Scroll to the bottom of that page, and click the Builds link.
4. Click the Download button in the CCleaner – Slim box as shown here:
What’s the delta that the 3rd-party software adds? About 1.07 MB of “stuff!”
Assuming that the difference between the standard installer version and the slim version is the third-party software included in the former and missing from the latter, there’s about 1.07 MB of material involved in that delta. I, for one, am perfectly happy to work through this process each time I must upload a new CCleaner version, because while I appreciate its capabilities I have no interest in the tagalong software that might otherwise make its way onto my desktop.
Here’s an interesting graph to ponder, more than 7 months after Windows XP reached “end of life” status on April 8, 2014: StatCounter’s GlobalStats chart for Top Desktop, Tablet and Console OSs shows that Windows 8.1 instances detected online have finally exceeded those for Windows XP as of the end of November, 2014.
The count for Windows 8.1 crosses over that for XP as of 11/30/2014
[click above to see full-size image; Source: StatCounter].
The numbers behind the top 3 lines on the graph — for Windows 7, Windows 8.1, and XP, respectively — are also pretty illuminating. Windows 7 rules the roost with a whopping 50.3%, followed by Windows 8.1 at 10.95% and XP at 10.69%. Given that XP is now more than half a year older than its end-of-life date, does that mean it now qualifies as a “zombie OS?” Just for grins, let me also mention that the original Windows 8 release clocks in at 4.9%, With OS X at 8.11%, iOS at 6.61%, Vista at 2.7%, Android at 2.68%, and Linux at 1.41% (to add all items that register above 1% in the StatCounter data behind the graph).
I’m encouraged by this inflection point for several reasons:
- It provides some indication that users are indeed starting to move up from XP to other Windows OSes.
- It shows that Windows 8.* is finally starting to get some traction.
- I also believe it shows hope for Windows 10 which has done quite a bit to address the various causes of upset that Windows 8 introduced, and Windows 8.1 has mitigated in part.
It should thus be very interesting to observe how the Windows 10 release fares next year, and what kind of slope its uptake curve exhibits. My best guess is that it will be more like that for Windows XP and 7 rather than that for Vista and 8, given not just the “every other release” effect that seemingly pertains to Windows but also the extreme effort that MS is putting into the next release to try and save its bacon.