On Wednesday, February 25, Brandon LeBlanc, Windows Communications Manager for the Windows Client Communications Team, posted information to The Windows Blog to announce the Release Candidate (RC) for “Service Pack 2 for Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008.” Otherwise known as SP2 for Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008, this update is still in beta, but is now available to TechNet and MSDN subscribers for broad access and testing.
Important details of the RC version’s contents (and those planned for release when SP2 goes live later this year, probably in April) are spelled out in LeBlanc’s same-day posting entitled “Notable Changes in SP2 RC for Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008.” There’s also a TEchNet (dated 2/26/2009) document on SP2 available entitled “Hotfixes and Security Updates in Windows Server SP2 and Windows Vista SP2” as well. It’s probably worth a taking a look at these documents, but here’s my take on some highlights:
- As I mentioned in my previous blog, SP1 remains a mandatory pre-requisite for the install of SP2
- Users who wish to update to SP2 using Windows Update or Windows Software/Server Update Services (WSUS) have to patch the servicing stack to automate the SP2 install (see KB 955430 for details; the typical URL http://support.microsoft.com/kb/955430 is not yet working as I write this, however).
- Download sizes run fom 300 to 622 MB for standalone packages, and from 41-90 MB for Windows Update users (DVD info not yet available).
- Lots of interesting changes to setup and deployment, including a single installer for both Vista and Windows Server 2008, incompatible driver checks, improved error handling and messages, better logging, more secure installation, and post-release installer serviceability. As with SP1, there will also be an SP2 cleanup tool (Compcln.exe) to remove pre-SP2 files from machines, or to reduce the size of slipstream images used to install Vista and/or Windows Server 2008.
Anybody who’s interested who also has a TechNet or MSDN subscription can now sally forth and grab this beta. Because most enterprise admins have one or the other, if not both, this means you!
One of my best sources for leaked info from Microsoft continues to be Malaysian-based site TechARP. Today’s blog is based on some recent reportage from them about the upcoming Internet Explorer 8 release. The latest date for release to manufacturing (RTM) is March, 2009, most likely sometime in the latter half of that month (details are expected on March 5, though it’s not yet clear if those details will be available only for internal consumption at Microsoft, or in the form of a more public announcement; interestingly TechARP promises to keep us posted either way).
Here’s what IE8 is supposed to deliver, as compared to previous versions:
- Improved performance and reliability that TechARP reports as “extensive”
- Enhanced and expanded visual search suggestions that not only govern general search, but also searches related to shopping, social networking, news and portal sites, sports, and other information categories.
- “Enhanced user experience, greater user privacy, and security enhancements.” This sound like straight-from-MS verbiage that could mean a lot and deliver very little. I guess we’ll have to wait and see.
When MS does release IE8 to manufacturing, OEMs can then use it as a supplement at their option for subsequent Vista and XP installs. Thus, it could start showing up as a pre-installed Windows feature shortly thereafter. So far, no dates for public release via Windows Update are available, but that will be just a matter of time once RTM is set. For most major Windows components, this usually occurs within 60-90 days of RTM so we should expect widespread availability of IE8 in May or June of this year.
Interested admins should probably be even more interested in downloading the latest beta (2) version after reading this news. That download is still available on the Windows Internet Explorer 8 Home page. It’s still necessary to uninstall IE 7 on any test machines before installing IE8 on those machines; presumably this stricture will also apply to production machines once IE8 goes into public release. Time to get ready!
Last week, Microsoft an RC (Release Candidate) build for Windows Vista/Server 2008 SP2 through the Microsoft Connect program to a select group of pre-qualified beta testers. According to Mary Jo Foley’s ZDNet coverage on this topic, the latest build number is 6002.16670.091030 (she got this from Ars Technica, who also indicate the opportunity to grab this item ended on Saturday, February 21, and who also provide a list of all 600-plus hot fixes integrated into this upcoming release). Those interested in testing this beta should pay special attention ot the “known issues” list for this RC update that falls into general headings for application compatibility, IIS, SQL and Server 2008, with information on details and workarounds where applicable.
For most of us, this event provides confirmation that Microsoft’s planned release date in April, 2009, for Vista and Server 2008 SP2 is holding firm. System administrators in companies and organizations that have already migrated to Vista or Server 2008, or whose plans indicate sizable deployments by mid-2009, are urged to keep an eye out for the public beta of SP2 (which should occur some time in March) so they can start testing for compatibility issues, deployment considerations, and configuration necessities prior to rollout.
Just FYI, SP1 will remain a pre-requisite to SP2 (the installation process checks to make sure SP1 has been installed, and for incompatible drivers). If SP1 is missing, it must first be applied before SP2 can be installed: that’s to keep the size of the download/install files down which otherwise would have to include all 600-plus hotfixes and so forth.
If you’ve ever messed with the Windows Vista Recovery Environment you know it’s helpful, but it can take quite a while for it to appear on-screen on a machine in need of repair or recovery. In fact, the functionality behind this display is a WinPE-based facility that’s bundled with the Windows Install Media, and invoked from a Windows Image file (.wim) when you select the “Repair an existing Vista system” from the install menu.
This low-res screen cap of the Recovery Environment describes your Vista Repair options:
here, you want to pick Windows Complete PC Restore.
On most of my Vista machines, it takes in excess of three minutes to get from the Vista install DVD to the System Recovery Options menu shown in the preceding screen capture, and it can sometimes take more than 10 minutes to pop up (as when finding and fixing boot-up issues, as it sometimes must). If you follow the instructions I provide in a recent story for Tom’s Guide “How to Make and Use a Bootable WinPE Drive” you will learn how to use the install media and the Windows Automated Instllation Kit (WAIK) to create a bootable UFD with the Vista Recovery Environment at your disposal. Unlike its DVD-based counterpart, however, this little gem usually presents itself on-screen in under two minutes, which lets you get to work far faster (on the notebook in question, the screen popped up in 1:07).
I was forcibly reminded of this yesterday, when I installed a new driver on one of my test notebook PCs, only to discover that the device went missing upon reboot, and that System Restore was also unable to roll back to the preceding restore point (I later learned this comes from a side effect of Norton security products, as documented in this Symantec page on the “Restoration Incomplete” error also produced during this process). What to do when restore points won’t work (and you don’t yet know how to fix that problem): use the Recovery Environment and a recent backup to restore your system to a pristine state. Luckily for me, I had just backed up my system the night before so I was back up and running in under 15 minutes, restore and all. This time, I skipped the IDT HD Audio driver update that started all my problems, and then went off to research exactly what happened, and why. In a roundabout way, all this led to today’s blog post.
Nevertheless, I was glad to have had this handy little tool at my disposal, which I’ve already used to repair Vista on a couple of machines since building the WinRE UFD in late January. You might want to add one of these to your toolkit. Any old UFD larger than 256MB will do: my WinRE UFD weighs in at 330 MB in all. Thus, a freebie or cheapie 1 GB UFD will work just fine for this purpose.
The latest Vista flap originates from a lawsuit filed against Microsoft Corporation stemming from fees assessed to Los Angeles computer user Emma Alvarado for downgrading a Lenovo notebook PC from Windows Vista to Windows XP. She had to pay an extra $59.25 to get Lenovo to make the switch, and is now claiming that “Microsoft has abused its market position to try to cash in on the popularity of Windows XP.” Microsoft’s rejoinder is pretty straightforward: they don’t get any of the money from the charge she was assessed so therefore there’s no basis for a complaint against them.
Closer investigation reveals a somewhat more murky situation, however. The most popular version of Windows Vista for notebook PCs these days is Windows Vista Home Premium Edition. But only Windows Vista Business Edition and Windows Vista Ultimate Edition (and presumably also Windows Vista Enterprise Edition, though it’s not available in a retail SKU) are eligible for downgrade to Windows XP, and only to the Professional version of that older operating system. In fact, most downgrade charges can be assigned to two cost categories:
- Fees from the vendor for actually performing the downgrade operation–or rather, for performing a clean install of Windows XP Professional on the notebook being purchased.
- Fees for upgrading Windows Vista from the default version included with a notebook PC at no extra charge–presumably Windows Vista Home Premium edition in most cases–to either Windows Vista Business Edition or Windows Vista Ultimate Edition. In fact, Microsoft does profit from any such charges (which not all notebook vendors assess) that may be included in a downgraded notebook’s purchase price.
The real question then becomes: is requiring purchase of a “downgradable” version of an OS an abuse of monopoly power? I’m no lawyer (and to legal professionals, that means that anything I say next means exactly nothing), but this is a situation that appears to cut both ways. Consumers are free to choose any options they like when they purchase a notebook PC. But likewise, Microsoft is under no obligation to make older versions of its OS available to buyers at the same prices as current versions.
Personally, I believe it’s fair to charge for downgrading a system because it requires a different build process from one that goes default all the way. It’s the difference that sparks the charge, not the fact that one build is inherently more expensive or difficult than the other (both involve imaging a disk, but the XP downgrade requires a different image from the Vista Home Premium default image; likewise, buyers who simply upgrade Vista to Business or Ultimate must also pay for that privilege).
I guess the suit will have to go to court so a judge can decide if it has enough merit to go to trial. That said, it will be interesting to see if Microsoft can be compelled to make downgrades purely a matter of preference and paying operational costs, or if they can indeed require buyers to upgrade an OS merely to make it eligible for downgrade. For companies and organizations that still standardize on XP, this is more than a matter of simple curiousity: it will have a tangible effect on the cost of purchase for XP-equipped notebook and desktop PCs. What do you think?
Actually the name of the program in question is not Euphemism–rather you can read it from the domain name in the URL for the Subscription page http://www.pcdecrapifier.com/node/18 where organizations and companies can license its use for an incredibly reasonable $20 per PC technician per year for any number of machines–but I can’t use the name directly even though it’s both fair and accurate because it apparently violates the “no-no” words list for this implementation of WordPress. Nevertheless, PC Euphemism is a useful and valuable program, as most readers will shortly understand when I describe its capabilities.
PC Euphemism is a tool designed to remove unwanted programs that vendors so often install on new XP and Vista PCs, especially those of the notebook variety. The basic program is free for home use and includes the following capabilities:
- Removes a long list of programs from PCs (settings are accessible on a per-program basis for those items that some admins may want to leave installed on machines their company or organization buys).
- Works from a script, which may cause AV programs to complain (such complaints can be safely ignored, however).
- Driven by user input as to what constitutes a euphemistic application: users can submit forms to request inclusion of more software in subsequent versions of the software.
The commercial/professional version of PC Euphemism includes all of the aforementioned features and capabilities, and adds the following items as well:
- command line operation, with access to help file content (use the /h parameter)
- autoremove option to remove ALL added software items, or those selected by DEFAULT
- autoremovespecific enables admins to provide an explicit list of all items to remove by name
- list option creates a list of all items that the program can potentially remove (use to create pared-down list for the autoremovespecific option)
As somebody who works with dozens of notebook PCs every year for reviews for Tom’s Hardware, I’ve learned to appreciate PC Euphemism as a valuable post-purchase clean-up tool. Admins who must prep machines for users should likewise find it helpful, particularly its command line list and autoremovespecific parameters. At $20 per technician per year, it will pay for itself in its first hour of use!
Among the litany of complaints against Windows Vista, Microsoft’s failures to deliver on its promises to produce and release “Extras” for the Ultimate edition have been held up and railed against repeatedly since that version shipped in January 2007. The idea behind the Extras sounded good: from time to time, Microsoft would release special premium software only to owners of Windows Vista Ultimate via Windows Update.
Alas, the idea promised better than Microsoft’s execution was able to deliver. Aside from a single security add-on for BitLocker and EFS enhancements, a few games (Hold Em! poker and Tinker), and some sound and visual schemes, nothing noteworthy ever emerged in the Extras area on Windows Update. As I search through my update history, in fact, I see exactly just over half a dozen Extras entries therein: one for enhancements to BitLocker and EFS, three related to DreamScene, one each for Hold ‘Em and Tinker, plus a related sound scheme for that last game.
At first, Microsoft made much of the Extras as an important value add for Vista Ultimate. Later on, they began to backpedal on this subject significantly. And although an Ultimate edition is planned for Windows 7, no Extras will be included in that go-round–see this coverage on the subject at Ars Technica–personally I don’t think that’s where the value-add for the Ultimate edition comes from anyway. The real value add comes from Media Center and image backup. To me the latter is almost worth the price differential all by itself, because it makes purchase of third-party image backup or ghosting utilities unnecessary, and because it’s so nicely integrated with the Windows Repair Environment available through the Vista installation media.
I think Microsoft has made a wise decision to forgo the Extras with Windows 7. They had problems delivering on their hyped-up promises for Vista, and have decided to focus more on core OS functions in the next release. Frankly, I’d like to see a return to earlier Windows install configurations, where the installer shows you what you can install along with the OS, and you get to choose what you do and don’t want to go along with it. Hopefully, that’s the direction that a leaner, meaner Windows 7 will take Microsoft’s desktop operating system.
One ongoing and legitimate beef about Windows Vista is that it doesn’t support older Windows applications, particularly those written specifically for older Windows versions or that don’t follow well-established guidelines for “good behavior” in terms of referencing APIs, interacting with hardware, and so on and so forth. Now, Microsoft comes to the rescue with a product called Microsoft Enterprise Desktop Virtualization aka MED-V. It’s still in beta, and you have to register with Microsoft connect to obtain access to this otherwise free download, but you gain the ability to install Windows 2000 or XP in Vista using Microsoft Virtual PC 2007 (also free) so that the VMs can do for you and your users what Windows Vista sometimes cannot.
A commercial version of this software is expected later in 2009, and is based on technology that Microsoft acquired when it purchased desktop virtualization firm Kidaro in mid-2008. The idea, of course, is to spur upgrades and migrations to Windows Vista because previous obstacles to such motion are now mitigated by a solution that permits immovable legacy software to run in a back-rev Windows VM on top of Vista. This also lets enterprises impose centralized management and control over construction, deployment, and maintenance of system images, both virtual and real, and helps to add structure and organization to sometimes-chaotic desktop environments. Microsoft itself makes much of TCO improvements that switching to its Desktop Optimization Pack can confer. Above and beyond MED-V and application virtualization, this also includes an advanced Group Policy manager, an asset inventory service, a diagnostics and recovery toolset, and a tie-in to System Center for desktop error monitoring. It’s definitely worth checking out.
But if you’re fighting to migrate or upgrade systems to Vista, and legacy apps are getting in the way, MED-V may be just the lever you need to break that particular logjam. Give it a try!
Tomorrow, February 11, is the second Tuesday in February–hence, “Patch Tuesday” is once again at hand. Microsoft publishes advance notification for security bulletins each month on the preceding Thursday, so I can tell you what to expect in tomorrow’s updates. There are four items that should be included (though last-minute additions and deletions have been known to occur):
- Critical: Internet Explorer 7 versions remote code execution fix. XP, Vista, Windows Server 2003 and 2008, 32- and 64-bit versions.
- Critical: Exchange Server versions remote code execution fix. Exchange 2000 Server SP3 with 8/04 update rollup, Exchange Server 2003 SP2, Exchange Server 2007 SP1 (32- and 64-bit versions).
- Important: SQL Server remote code execution. Too many versions to enumerate here (check the advance notification link in the first paragraph for details).
- Important: Visio remote code execution. MS Office Visio 2002 SP2, MS Office Visio 2003 SP3, MS Office Visio 2007 SP1.
As usual, there will also be an updated version of the Microsoft Malicious Software Removal tool (KB890830) and the Windows Junk E-mail Filter (KB905866) for February, 2009, included as well. There will also be cumulative updates for Media Center for Windows Vista (KB950644) and Media Center TVPack for Windows Vista (KB958653), plus an update rollup for ActiveX Killbits for Windows (KB960715). These are described in more detail in KB894199 and also in the other KB articles cited for each item.
Given that all the major updates relate to remote code execution and the system compromises such vulnerabilities can produce, it’s probably time to start testing and/or deploying these patches to your clients and servers on an ASAP basis.
If you read my previous blog, you already know that VistaPE is a project that uses WinBuilder to automate the construction of a WinPE 2.0-based bootable image from the Windows Automated Installation Kit (WAIK) as well as the Vista OS install media (or a hard-disk copy thereof, for much better build-time performance). What may not have been clear in that posting, has now become crystal clear to me, thanks to spending a large part of the last two days devouring the forum posts, tutorials, and how-to’s available at Nuno Brito’s stellar site www.Boot-Land.net, the home of WinBuilder and an affiliate site for VistaPE.net.
What I didn’t immediately realize but am now keenly aware of, is that this site is a treasure trove of Windows internals lore, tools references, and information that has to be explored to be believed, and deeply pondered to be fully understood. I have learned more in the past two days about Windows boot structures, how the boot process begins, about the various types of file systems and MBR records that PC BIOSes can create and the various versions of Windows can accommodate, and how to build bootable floppies, hard disks, UFDs, and optical media than I ever imagined possible.
To me, Boot-Land.net is a stunning and entirely convincing demonstration of the power of open source and community effort. There’s no way a commercial outfit would be willing to disclose the kind of information that people want and need to know about low-level inner workings of operating systems, bootstrap loaders, BIOS operations, and related forensics and construction tools–at least, not without feeling like its “valuable intellectual property” had been given away purely for good will. Boot-Land.net does this as a matter of deliberate policy, design, and support for community.
Any Windows professionals, including those who work with XP and Vista, as well as other versions both older and newer, will find lots of interesting, valuable, and useful information here about how to design, build, and install compact boot environments for Windows machines. They’ll also learn about lots of tools they can include in such environments for installation, automated deployment, troubleshooting, and system repair.
I’d have to recommend this as one of the best resources I’ve ever seen when it comes to understanding how the Windows OS is put together, how it loads and boots, and what kinds of specifics are necessary to fit customized configurations to particular collections of hardware (motherboard, CPU, chipsets, devices, peripherals, and so forth). My only beefs against the site are its “sink or swim” approach to organizing and presenting information and providing guidance to newbies, and the incredible amount of information through which interested parties must work to find the items of greatest interest and relevance to them. But when compared to the treasures and wisdom so liberally scattered around its collection of goodies, those are pretty minor beefs indeed.
You simply must check it out! http://www.boot-land.net/forums/