There’s a fascinating new post on the Building Windows 8 blog this morning, entitled “Creating the Windows 8 user experience,” by Jensen Harris, Microsoft’s Director of Program Management for the User Experience Team. In the story, he explores and explains the reasons that are driving how the user interface for and user interaction in Windows 8 are designed, with all kinds of interesting observations and insights.
Rather than drive you through his lengthy discussion in detail, with analysis along the way, I’ll simply summarize his high points, then conclude this post with a little (hopefully insightful) commentary of my own:
1. a quick history of prior Windows UIs with representative screen caps (1.0, 3 and 3.1, Windows 95, XP, Vista, and Windows 7)
2. basic design assumptions
2.1 People are connected all the time
2.2 People, not files, are the center of activity
2.3 The rise of mobile over desktop PCs
2.4 Content lives on the PC and in the cloud
3. Goals of the Windows 8 user experience
3.1 Fast and fluid means a “responsive, performant, beautiful, and animated UI” where “every piece of UI comes from somewhere and goes somewhere when it exits the screen” and where “most essential scenarios are efficient,…without extra questions or prompt” and “things you don’t need are out of the way.”
3.2 Long Battery Life!
3.3 Windows 8 apps have “Grace and power.”
3.4 Live tiles make visible UI elements personal and keep them current.
3.5 Apps work together to save users time (better communication and interaction among apps)
3.6 Changes and customization follow the user across multiple devices (“Roam your experience between PCs)
3.7 Make your PC work like a device, not a computer
4. Touch is a first-class input method (but not the only one!)
4.1 Improving touch on the desktop
4.2 Creating an environment exclusively or primarily (suited) for touch input
5. Metro style and the desktop, working together, where the desktop is there to run programs designed for mouse and keyboard, and Metro is there for touch-centric apps
6. Enabling devices that can work as tablets or full-blown PCs with equal zest and celerity
7. Updating the visual appearance of the desktop: preserve maximum compatibility with existing programs, but with what MS calls “chrome:” title bar, borders, and a Windows UI surrounding application windows. New “clean and crisp” approach means no glass or reflections, squared-off edges, no more glows and gradients, shadows or transparency.
8. People learn to use Windows 8 by adapting and moving forward, and MS plans to post soon about “how people discover and understand new concepts, and the specific steps…to make sure people don’t feel lost the first time they sit down with a Windows 8 PC.”
9. Windows 8 is forward looking: “a bet on the future of computing” that “stakes a claim to Windows’ role in that future.”
Phew! So much for the summary. To me the most interesting parts dealt with how apps can exchange information with each other, and how important across-the-board resource optimization (CPU, GPU, display, disk, and so forth) is to maximizing battery life and improving foreground element performance. There’s still an awful lot of rosy rhetoric tied up with the change to the Metro style start screen and overall system design and behavior, but MS also seems to be trying to provide technical, aesthetic, and ergonomic reasons why big changes are afoot, with only slight twinges of “because we said so” (the parent’s ultimate explanation for inquisitive youngsters when questions go on longer than answers do).
There’s a lot to chew on here and it makes me think there will be some changes in UI when the Windows 8 Release Preview hits as early as the first week of June. In particular I found the remarks that gestures, particularly those involving swipes from the edge of the screen, will work better in upcoming Windows 8 releases than they did in the Customer Preview both interesting and revealing. Indeed it is partly a hardware problem (particularly for touch screens with bezels that essentially prevent real touch access to the very, very edge of the display) but I have also observed that there can be other difficulties, too, particularly when running CPU-intensive applications on the desktop. Should be interesting to see how it all evolves.
OK, you know that the Windows world has truly come full circle when OS maker Microsoft offers an official Signature (the italics are theirs, not mine, as a quick trip to the Signature page will reveal) designation for PCs (both laptops and notebooks), the idea being to carefully craft runtime behavior and performance to offer fast boot-up and shutdown, and to make sure the system runs at its best when using it for things buyers actually want to do. Shoot, the Microsoft stores even offer a post-purchase signature service for $99, where you bring them a PC and they clean it up for you in the same general vein. There’s even a Microsoft Signature Premium offering available that includes theft recovery, one year of technical support, in-store training sessions, and special offers from the Colossus of Redmond.
All this led me to recall Jodi Ballew and Jeff Duntemann’s classic book Degunking Your PC (Paraglyph Press, 2005, ISBN: 1933097035, $7.39 and up) which basically explains how to do what Signature does and a whole lot more for Windows XP and 2000 vintage PCs. It also makes me think of several good software tools available to help achieve many of the same ends, such as Piriform’s CCleaner (which used to stand for “crap cleaner” until the anti-pottymouth league got their hooks into them) and the more unabashed PC Decrapifier, both of which I’ve used to very good effect on new laptops to rid them of unwanted stuff piled on by the OEMs who put them together.
But hey, you can now buy new PCs in desktop, slate, or notebook form through the Microsoft Store that are already cleaned up if you like. Or, you can take your current Windows 7 PC in for a Signature service session if you’d care to have somebody else clean it up for you. The prices aren’t as cheap as you can find elsewhere on-line, but you won’t have to clean it up when you get it home, either.
Gotta love it! Will there be a corporate or enterprise version, or is that what special buys from the OEMs have been doing all along?
Wouldn’t you know it? Not until after I posted my own blog yesterday, did Paul Thurrott report in his SuperSite Blog that “Windows 8 Pro PC Upgrade Cost is just $15.” Looks like MS really, really, really wants to encourage new Windows 7 PC buyers to jump onto Windows 8, with a $14.99 promotion that begins on June 2, 2012 (original report appeared in a C|Net article by Mary Jo Foley entitled “Microsoft’s Windows 8 upgrade offer: What’s coming when?“)
Enough attribution, already! Here’s the deal: Microsoft will make this “Windows 8 Offer” available to consumers who buy a Windows 7 PC running Home Basic or higher editions, so they can download a copy once Windows 8 becomes generally available (around the end of October, according to most prognosticators). The Windows 8 Pro package aims squarely at business/technical users and enthusiasts, and includes built-in encryption, Hyper-V virtualization, PC management and domain connectivity, and will accommodate a separately priced Media Pack for Windows Media Center (which many guess will probably cost about the same as this offer).
Foley reports further that the deal will start up on June 2, 2012, about the same time that Microsoft plans to drop its Release Preview (aka Release Candidate). The deal stays good through the end of January 2013. MS won’t comment on any of this info, but Thurrott and Foley seem convinced it’s got legs. Keep your eyes out for more info in under three week when June 2 rolls around.
US and India based online ad network and data analytics company Chitika reported in late April 2012 that “millions are already using the latest Microsoft operating system every day” (Study). In fact, the title of their study proclaims that “Windows 8 Consumer Preview Usage Double that of Mac OS X Mountain Lion,” the most current Mac OS X version in use when the study was conducted and reported. Here’s a chart that shows the breakdown of the study’s user population based on “hundreds of millions of ad impressions from within the Chitika Ad network” taken from April 13 through April 19, 2012:
Perhaps the most amazing thing about the study is understanding that if “millions” from the Chitika point of view translates into 2 million actual users, that puts the total size of their sample population at 1.5 billion, give or take a few hundred million one way or the other! This also roughly matches the size of the total online global population, which gives the company a loooooooooong reach. Given that the size of their sample is reported as hundreds of millions in size, however, their total base has to be under a billion by definition, which means that their breathless “millions of users” is probably not much over the one million mark, if it truly is that much. I can’t find any concrete published numbers from Microsoft on the total number of copies of Windows 8 CP downloaded, which would set a hard upper bound on the number of potential users, either… In any case, that still points to a pretty sizable user population for the Windows 8 Customer Preview.
On a more serious note, these kinds of adoption and usage levels do seem to indicate that Windows 8 has some kind of future ahead of it, no matter how dire or delirious some pundit’s predictions about its success or failure might be. As far as I’m concerned, while the jury is still way out on how much uptake Windows 8 will enjoy in the marketplace, there’s apparently no shortage of willing users even now, before the new OS has gone all the way commercial. What I want to watch, very closely, is how many buyers opt for Windows 8 by choice when buying new PCs once that option is presented to them. This will be a far more telling statistic, as and when such numbers make themselves available late next October and through the end of 2012.
Earlier this week I stumbled across a January PC Magazine story entitled “Build a Touch-Screen All-in-One Desktop.” The star of the story is from EliteGroup (a Taiwanese mega-manufacturer of PCs and parts) known as the G11, a bare-bones compact PC with an integrated 21.5″ touchscreen and lots of other interesting and useful features (check out the PDF specsheet for a nice overview).
The upshot of the PC Magazine story is that you can put together a nice Windows 7 touchscreen PC for under $850 by adding your own CPU, memory, hard disk, and slide-in slimline DVD burner. Matthew Murray’s story features the following selection of parts to put that modest system together: ECS G11 ($449), i3-2120 CPU ($117), 2x4GB DDR3 SO-DIMM RAM ($40), 2 TB WD Caviar Black hard disk ($200), and a Lite-On DS-8A5S DVD burner ($33; actual total: $839; today you can get the 2 TB Caviar Green for $120, the memory for $37, and the DVD burner for $24; so today’s price is a nice and low $747).
I started wondering about the other possible tack, with Windows 8 in mind. What kind of top-of-the-line configuration might it be possible to install in this compact unit to use it as a Windows 8 learning, test, or pilot machine? Here’s what I came up with:
- The ECS G11 works with any Sandy Bridge processor whose TDP is 65 W or less. That means the i7 2600S will work, and these i5 items: 2500S, 2500T, 2405S, 2400S, and 2390T. All of the i3 models are rated 65 W TDP. Today’s going price for the quad-core 2.8 GHz 2600S is $310.
- The ECS G11 can handle 16 GB of RAM, using two 8-GB DDR3 SO-DIMMs. I found some serviceable GeIL units for $99.
- Instead of an optical drive, I selected a slim-line SATA drive tray to 2.5″ drive enclosure from NewModeus for $42 to accommodate an OCZ Vertex 3 55 GB SSD for an ultra-fast boot drive at $65 (after $15 mail-in rebate), along with a 2 TB Samsung Ecogreen SATA hard disk at $120.
- Most people who work on PCs want a mouse and keyboard at some point, too, so I picked the Logitech MK710 desktop set for $70.
- A mini PCI-e 802.11n wireless and Bluetooth combo card adds wireless capability to the unit and goes for $26.
When it comes to installation for all this stuff, I refer back to Murray’s PC Mag story, because it includes photographs and step-by-step instructions to put all these part in their proper places — except for the optical to SSD tray install, which requires plugging the drive into the internal SATA connection inside the tray, and then installing the tray just as you’d install the optical drive.
The ECS G11 is still priced at $449, so my total top-of-the line budget comes to $1,181. For just over $1,200 you can add in the cost of a portable USB-based optical drive to plug into this unit to write or write CDs or DVDs should you need to (I have two such units already, and suspect many other readers here do as well, which is why I didn’t make it part of my baseline budget, believing that the combination of an SSD for the boot/system drive and a bigger but slower data drive would be much more compelling).
I do still have some open questions, though: I’m working to find out if the ECS G11 supports SLAT, which is mandatory to take advantage of Hyper-V support in Windows 8. Ditto for the motherboard’s support for UEFI, necessary to use Windows’s pre-boot malware protection capabilities. I’ll report back as I find out more (I’m trying to get in touch with Elitegroup’s Fremont, CA offices, and have also e-mailed Matthew Murray to see if he knows more than he included in his PC Mag story).
Scott Fulton has just written a bang-up story for ReadWriteWeb entitled “Top 10 Windows 8 Features #7: Client-side Hyper-V.” It’s a gem of a story not just because it explains why Hyper-V beats the pants off the Virtual PC technology that made Windows XP Mode feasible (but alas, never terribly popular) on Windows 7, but also because it takes you through all the steps necessary to convert older virtual machines from the Virtual PC/Virtual Server environment into their Hyper-V compatible counterparts.
Running users through a sequence of Hyper-V setup and configuration screens, Scott explains what settings are needed and how they should be populated to enable Hyper-V to mount and use these VMs in the Windows 8 environment (or on other PCs that support Hyper-V including Windows Server 2008 R2 and the upcoming Windows Server 8 as well). Combine this with Sysinternals Disk2VHD tool, and you’ve got a sure-fire way to keep legacy OS images alive and well in the brave new world of Hyper-V that’s now on its way to a desktop near you (if not already on your own desktop).
Symantec recently announced general availability of its various Norton 2013 beta products, including Norton AntiVirus, Norton Internet Security, and Norton 360. Although they come only with two weeks (14 days) of free subscription support, these programs may be worth trying out for those running Windows 8 to get a sense of how third-party security software functions in a Windows 8 runtime environment.
I’d already been running NIS 2012 on a couple of Windows 8 Customer Preview machines with great success, so it was interesting to see what kinds of differences showed up between the current year’s version and the impending (beta) release. The interface has been spruced up and is a great deal more Windows 8 friendly, and it seems like the overall system footprint is lighter and speedier, though a full system scan still manages to consume appreciable levels of system resources.
That said, the full system scan on my i7-2640M X220 T notebook, with just under 40 GB of stuff on the C: drive, took just over 20 minutes to complete and caused no perceptible system drag as I opened IE windows, and ran various other applications while the scan was underway (Gabe Topala’s excellent System Information For Windows, Windows Explorer, the Snipping Tool, and so forth).
But so far, I can’t get Norton Management on my Windows 7 production machine running NIS 2012 to “see” the test machine running beta NIS 2013, or vice-versa. I may have to do some additional futzing around to get this to work. But from what I can see when logged into my Norton Account online, it looks like there’s some kind of deliberate isolation of the beta from production versions (later note: it uses a completely different account login, so there is a deliberate separation between beta and production accounts). I’m going to keep exploring the beta and will report back further as and when I learn anything interesting. But so far, it seems completely on par with the production 2012 version, if not slightly less intrusive (a pretty nice accomplishment, considering what a great job Symantec has already done in reducing Norton’s once-substantial footprint to something less obnoxious in the past 3-4 years).
There’s been some discussion recently in relation to the Enterprise edition of Windows 8 that it will be made available only to subscribers to Microsoft’s Software Assurance program. Not so! Subscribers to the Windows Intune program pay a monthly per-seat fee for this service, and what they’re paying for includes a license to Windows Enterprise for each such seat, in addition to the management and configuration tools and services that come along as part of the overall deal. Methods for grabbing the download are addressed in an SMB-oriented TechNet blog post entitled “Windows Intune: How Do My Customers Get Windows 7 Enterprise?”
For $11 per PC per month (up to 25 machines), PCs with some version of Windows Professional already installed can partake of Intune. No bare metal coverage here, sorry. If you want into Intune with a do-it-yourself PC, you’ll have to buy or otherwise acquire a license for Windows Professional or better before you can use what MS calls “the upgrade rights to Windows 7 Enterprise.”
Perhaps it’s a leap of faith, but I’m assuming the deal for Windows 8 will remain more or less the same once the product becomes generally available, so this represents another way for users to get into Windows Enterprise 8 without necessarily getting into a Software Assurance deal with Microsoft.
It’s been two months now, and I’m finally starting to get comfortable with Windows 8 and the nuances of the touch-based interface and its various mouse equivalents. That’s why I found myself nodding my head when reading two recent articles from Paul Thurrott on his Supersite for Windows:
The idea behind these activities is similar, and involves a bit of a change from normal mouse selection behavior to make them work properly — something of a trick, in fact — that highlights a lot of what’s new, different, and occasionally frustrating about the Windows 8 interface. In each case moving the mouse cursor into the upper left corner (for the back tip) and lower left corner (for the start tip) works the same way: after moving the mouse to elicit the corresponding thumbnail display (a miniature Start screen at lower left, a miniature display of the last application accessed at upper left), you must click the left mouse button to switch to the display that’s showing in the thumbnail.
I experienced some frustration with these functions until I got that trick and started clicking the mouse button instead of trying to move the cursor to “grab” the thumbnail itself. Doesn’t work, and in fact, makes the thumbnail disappear. Who knew?
I had a very interesting conversation with former Microsoft MVP and current MS employee and “virtualization guy” John Savill last Friday. I’ve recently had to back out of my role as a primary author for an upcoming Windows 8 book, thanks to a welcome and unexpected surfeit of expert witness work, and have therefore found myself with some pretty neat but underutilized test equipment that I want to switch over to a production role.
The reason why I called John was to ask him how best to migrate my current 32-bit Windows 7 production environment to my latest desktop test rig (a home-built desktop that includes a socket 1155 motherboard, i7 2700K CPU, 32 GB of RAM, an OCZ Vertex 3 SSD, and an nVidia 650 GTX graphics card). Not coincidentally, John now works for Microsoft as a virtualization expert, with equal emphasis on both desktop and server virtualization, so I figured he’d have some useful suggestions to make. For Windows long-timers, some may remember John from the late 1990’s as the brains behind the Windows NT FAQ which he ran independently back then (it’s now a permanent part of the Windows IT Pro Website as the FAQ For Microsoft Windows). He’s also the author of numerous books on Windows Server versions from NT 4.0 through Windows Server 2008, including his latest title Microsoft Virtualization Secrets, due out in August, 2012).
His first suggestion came as no surprise to me at all: he recommended that I use the excellent Sysinternals Disk2VHDto capture my current runtime production environment. Through no coincidence whatsoever, in planning to upgrade that machine to accommodate 8 more GB of RAM I’ve purchased (running 32-bit at present, it can only handle 4 GB of RAM which is how much it has installed as well), I’d already used that tool to make a snapshot to give me access to any settings, preferences, passwords, and so forth, I might somehow lose in making the move from 32- to 64-bit Windows 7 on the original machine.
But John’s next suggestion really floored me, though in a thought-provoking way: He also urged me to go ahead and switch over to the Customer Preview of Windows 8 on my new hardware, since it was expressly purchased to meet Windows 8 requirements (UEFI, SLAT support, and even a touch screen). I gave him the usual “still can’t get my head around the desktop metaphor and organization” stall, to which he replied with three remarks:
1. Get used to it; it’s not going to change.
2. Hyper-V beats the pants off Virtual PC, even as implemented for Windows XP Mode in Windows 7.
3. Windows 8 is already “extremely stable,” so if you keep working on a VM, it will be trivial to jump from Customer Preview to final release.
I’d planned to set up a production native Windows 7 64-bit environment and slowly cheese over from 32- to the 64-bit world, but his remarks have me thinking pretty serious about cheesing over from a 32- to 64-bit Windows 7 VM instead, running on top of Windows 8. I have plenty of horsepower and memory to burn on this new machine, so why not? I have some major deadlines this week, or I might have tried it already, but I’m leaning ever more seriously in this direction, and will keep you posted on my thought processes and progress.