Part of this, of course, is in contrast to other CEO departures this year where people were fired, dying, part of a parade, and so on. Compared to, say, HP, Apple, or HP again, respectively, the notion of a guy who become CEO ten years ago, did his job, and is leaving at a normal retirement age seems almost quaint.
Part of this, too, is the company culture. EMC may be one of the biggest storage companies out there, but it’s not a rock star consumer-driven company the way Apple is. It’s normal there for the succession to be a relatively gentlemanly affair. Tucci did his time before he became CEO, serving under the previous CEO as executive chair for two years, and will serve as executive chair for the next EMC CEO, whomever he may be (nobody’s suggesting that the next CEO of EMC might be female).
Part of it is also the lack of drama around the succession. Yes, it’s true, nobody was named as the next CEO yet, and of course there’s always the potential of a bunch of little storage Borgias backstabbing and poisoning each other. But EMC is the sort of company where people use the term “deep bench” a lot. Most articles around Tucci’s announcement (which he made to the Wall Street Journal, naturally) named at least four potential successors, any one of whom would be qualified to run the company. Nobody’s wringing their hands suggesting that EMC will have to go outside the company to find someone qualified.
Part of it is that even with his more than one-year notice, this isn’t a surprise; Tucci started talking about succession a year ago — with the same four guys as potential successors. (And nobody’s trying to out any of them, as people are doing with Apple’s Tim Cook.)
The Motley Fool is trying to beat the drum for a shareholder revolt against the fact that the next EMC CEO will be continue to be both CEO and chairman, but they’re pretty alone in that.
At this point, about all we can do is wait to see who gets appointed the next EMC CEO — and there’s no timetable for that yet.]]>
The initiative has more than 50 members, including Amazon, AT&T, Facebook, Google, Microsoft, Twitter, and Yahoo!, which were called out in April as being major computer vendors that should support the proposal. Steps included in the proposal include telling users about data demands, being transparent about government requests, fighting for user privacy in the courts, and fighting for user privacy in Congress. Companies received from one to four stars (including partial stars) depending on how well they are implementing each of these policies.
Dropbox was a particularly interesting addition, because the company has been criticized about its policies regarding protecting user data in its cloud storage service.
Other vendors pf the 13 that the EFF called out in April that have not yet responded include Comcast, Myspace, Skype (since purchased by Microsoft, which is a member), and Verizon.
Organizations such as the American Civil Liberties Union and the Center for Democracy & Technology are also members.]]>
Not to say, of course, that they’re completely unbiased; recall in this case that Symantec purchased Clearwell earlier this year in an attempt to improve its ranking after a recent Gartner Magic Quadrant on eDiscovery vendors.
That said, its Information Retention and eDiscovery Survey has some interesting points to be made — not the least of which is actual evidence from users that implementing an information retention policy saves money.
The part about “too costly” is particularly telling in light of the results.
Respondents who said they’d been asked to respond to a legal, compliance or regulatory request for electronically stored information reported the following results:
The thing is, it’s true. Even though Internet speeds continue to increase, the amount of data we want to transmit continues to increase, too.
Which is why the various Internet denizens have developed….workarounds for large file transfers, which also provides the opportunity for the wonderful Internet pastime of geekly arguing.
Which brings us to station wagons, pigeons, and Blu-ray.
The canonical statement, by Andrew Tannenbaum in his 1996 book Computer Networks, is basically “Never underestimate the bandwidth of a station wagon full of tapes hurtling down the highway.” And ever since then, there have been numerous websites devoted to how-many-angels-can-dance-on-the-head-of-a-pin discussions about just what that bandwidth would be.
You can tell how old the websites are based on what figures they use for comparable Internet bandwidth, the size of a magnetic tape, and so on. The Wikipedia entry for “Sneakernet” appears to have the most up-to-date calculations.
(The actual calculation using today’s technologies is left as an exercise for the reader.)
The Internet being the Internet, the calculations have been extended, ranging from petabytes in a sailboat to Blu-ray discs in a 747 (which, as it turns out, would actually be too heavy for a 747 to carry), to, more mundanely, the number of SD cards that fit into a Fed Ex box — as well as the bandwidth of a Netflix movie shipment through the mail.
And then there’s the pigeons.
Really truly, carrier pigeons have been used for a remarkable amount of data transfer in history — not just short messages, and aerial photography predating satellites, but things like blueprints from military installations in the U.S.
In fact, in 1982, Computerworld ran an article about how Lockheed Missile & Space Co. used pigeons to carry microfilm copies of blueprints to a research facility in Santa Cruz, because it was cheaper than printing out and transporting hard copies. And if you have $100 per half hour for someone to dig it up, you can apparently get a copy of Dan Rather introducing a story about it on CBS News.
Consequently, not one but two April Fool’s Internet protocols were developed — Transmission of IP Datagrams on Avian Carriers, and Transmission of IP Datagrams on Avian Carriers with Quality Control — for transmitting Internet data by carrier pigeon. The first one was even demonstrated, and while the experiment left something to be desired, Wikipedia points out that “during the last 20 years, the information density of storage media and thus the bandwidth of an Avian Carrier has increased 3 times faster than the bandwidth of the Internet.”
That’s not all. In various remote areas, such as rural U.K., Australia, and parts of South Africa, people have used carrier pigeons to demonstrate that they’re faster than what passes for high-speed Internet there.
The point is this: No matter how fat a pipe you have to the Internet, at some given amount of data, it’s going to be faster, cheaper, or both to use some manual method to ship data on some storage medium. It makes sense for you to do a back-of-the-envelope calculation to figure out where the data boundaries are for different mediums and different shipping methods, and update them as technology changes.]]>
In sort of the tape storage equivalent to Moore’s Law, a consortium of three vendors — Hewlett Packard, IBM, and Quantum, known as the Technology Provider Companies (TPC) — get together every few years and decide upon specifications for tape cartridges with a steady increase in speed and capacity. This helps keep users convinced that there’s still a future for tape.
For example, the specifications for LTO 5 (as well as LTO 6) were announced in December 2004, but it took until January 2010 before licenses for the LTO 5 specification was available, and products supporting it started to be available in the second quarter of that year.
Similarly, the LTO TPCs announced in June of this year that licenses for the LTO 6 specification were available. By extrapolation, one can assume that LTO 6 products could be announced any day.
LTO 6 is defined as having a capacity of 8 TB with a data transfer speed of up to 525 MB/s, assuming a 2.5:1 compression. This is in comparison to LTO 5, which has a capacity of 3 TB with a data transfer speed of up to 280 MB/s, assuming a 2.5:1 compression.
Lest people get fidgety about the future of tape after that, the LTO TPC announced this spring the next two generations, LTO 7 and LTO 8, with compressed capacities of 16 TB and 32 TB and data transfers speeds of 788 MB/s and 1180 MB/s, respectively. As with LTO 6, no dates were announced, but one might expect each will come out about two to three years in succession.
The thing to remember, also, is that each LTO generation can typically only read two generations before it — meaning users needs to either rewrite their tape library every few years or keep a bunch of old LTO machines around. “By the time LTO 8 is released, organizations will need, at a minimum, LTO 3 drives to read LTO 1 through LTO 3 cartridges; LTO 6 drives to read LTO 4 through LTO 6 cartridges; and LTO 8 drives to read the LTO 7 and LTO 8 cartridges,” wrote Graeme Elliott earlier this year.]]>