SQL Server with Mr. Denny

Jul 10 2008   11:00AM GMT

My Experience with putting a CRL Procedure into SQL

Denny Cherry Denny Cherry Profile: Denny Cherry

A little while ago I came upon a situation where I needed to put a CRL procedure into SQL Server 2005.  Now I’ve been using SQL Server 2005 since the day it went RTM, and this is the first occasion that I’ve needed to put a CLR procedure into SQL.  Could I have done what I needed to without a CRL procedure?  Yeah probably, but the .NET code was written, and had been working.

My code is written in C# as that’s what the .NET guys here use.  There is one method within the C# class called HashPassword.  It takes a text string and makes a SHA1 Hash of it which we then store.  We had to make a couple of changes to the C# code to make it work within SQL Server.

The original code looked like this.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;
 

namespace Rapid.Database.Security{
public class User
     {
     public static void HashPassword(String password, out String hash)
          {
          SHA1 sha1 = new SHA1CryptoServiceProvider();hash = 
          BitConverter.ToString(sha1.ComputeHash(UnicodeEncoding.Default.GetBytes(password.ToLower()))).Replace("-", "");

          }
     }
}

The changed C# code looks like this.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;
using Microsoft.SqlServer.Server;

namespace Rapid.Database.Security

{
public class User
     {

     [SqlProcedure(Name="HashPassword")]
     public static void HashPassword(String password, out String hash)
          {
          SHA1 sha1 = new SHA1CryptoServiceProvider();hash = 
          BitConverter.ToString(sha1.ComputeHash(UnicodeEncoding.Default.GetBytes(password.ToLower()))).Replace("-", "");

          }
     }
}

Once these changes are made and the DLL recompiled we can attach the DLL to the SQL Server database as an assembly.  This is done with the CREATE ASSEMBLY command.  I have to use the EXTERNAL_ACCESS flag instead of the SAFE flag because my dll requires the use of the System.IO assembly which can’t be run as SAFE under SQL Server 2005.

CREATE ASSEMBLY [Rapid.Database.Security]AUTHORIZATION [dbo]
FROM ‘D:\Rapid.Database.Security.dll’
WITH PERMISSION_SET = EXTERNAL_ACCESS
GO

We can now create our procedure which needs to have one input and one output parameter to match the number of parameters within the C# procedure.  This is done with the CREATE PROCEDURE command just like creating any normal procedure.

CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[HashPassword]
@Password [nvarchar](50),
@PasswordHash [nvarchar](50) OUTPUT
WITH EXECUTE AS CALLER
AS
EXTERNAL NAME [Rapid.Database.Security].[Rapid.Database.Security.User].[HashPassword]
GO

The three part name of the C# method are:

  1. Assembly name which SQL Server knows about (basically the name of the DLL without the file extension).
  2. The full name to the class, in our case the namespace then the class.  Our namespace is Rapid.Database.Security with the name of the class after that.
  3. The name of the method within the C# class.

Don’t forget to enable CLR within SQL Server using the sp_configure before trying to use the CLR procedure.

 At this point I am able to run the procedure and pass in text and get back the hash.

declare @PasswordHash varchar(50)
exec HashPassword @password=‘test’, @passwordHash=@PasswordHash OUTPUT
SELECT @PasswordHash

The value of this is: A94A8FE5CCB19BA61C4C0873D391E987982FBBD3

I hope that you find this useful. It took me and a .NET developer a couple of hours to get all this working correctly and loaded into the SQL Server correctly. I know that I’ll be referring back to this if I ever need to attach a CLR method into SQL again.

Do keep in mind that when we were doing this, we created this as a separate DLL for the SQL Server as to get the original DLL into the SQL Server, SQL wanted us to load up a bunch of other assemblies that some of the other methods required.

Denny

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