This is simply idiocy—or gross negligence—of the highest degree. In the last week, more than a dozen US Representatives’ websites were defaced by hackers who posted digital graffiti on the home pages. The graffiti read, “H4ck3d by 3n_byt3 @ Indonesia H4ck3rs” (see screen shot). There was not other damage to the sites.
The method used to break in? Password guessing. The hackers compromised the site administration passwords at Web design and hosting firm GovTrends of Alexandria, VA which provides Web hosting for about 100 House sites. Not all were affected.
According to GovTrends founder Ab Emam, passwords assigned to member offices were never changed. Now, it’s typical for a Web hosting company to assign default admin passwords, but those passwords should be strong. In this case, they weren’t. “Most of these passwords could be guessed, they were obvious,” Emam said. “That’s been changed, and each of these sites is now required to have strong passwords.”
Really? Should have been required all along. There’s simply no excuse for this. I have written numerous articles over the years about how to generate strong, un-guessable passwords and I’m not the only one: a Google search brings up 61,800 results for that term. Will they ever learn?
(In all fairness, I have to report that there is some question as to whether password guessing was actually the cause of the breach. This article by Brian Krebs has been updated to suggest that SQL injection may have been the method.)
No matter; there’s no excuse for that, either.