Linux proponents often gloat over the seeming lack of security vulnerabilities in the Linux kernel when compared to Microsoft Windows; Windows proponents counter saying that Linux is just enjoying “security through obscurity.” Seems the Windows people may be justified to some degree as reports of a Linux vulnerability puts most versions of the Linux kernel built in the last eight years at risk of complete takeover.
According to The Register, “The bug involves the way kernel-level routines such as sock_sendpage react when they are left unimplemented. Instead of linking to a corresponding placeholder, (for example, sock_no_accept), the function pointer is left uninitialized. Sock_sendpage doesn’t always validate the pointer before dereferencing it, leaving the OS open to local privilege escalation that can completely compromise the underlying machine.” This means that it’s trivial for an attacker to put code in the first page and that code will get executed with kernel privileges. You can read a full rundown of the vulnerability at the CR0 Blog.
All Linux kernel 2.4 and 2.6 versions since May 2001 are affected. The vulnerability has been patched, but “this is the second time in less than a month that a serious security vulnerability has been reported in the Linux kernel. In mid July, a researcher alerted Linux developers to a separate "NULL pointer dereference" bug that put newer versions at risk of complete compromise,” according to The Register.
There’s no question that Microsoft has ongoing security issues; it’s no surprise that Linux is beginning to show the same. The only difference lies in the attack surface; Microsoft is still the biggest target. As Linux continues to gain market share, however, we’ll be seeing more researchers focusing their attention on the Open Source OS; as they do, they’ll find more and more vulnerabilities there, too.
There’s a technology called “secure coding” that still hasn’t been fully developed, much less implemented on a grand scale; until programmers fully get this concept, we’re saddled with insecure OS’s and applications.