SBS 2003 and beyond


March 8, 2009  12:04 AM

SBS 2003 and SBS 2008

Roger Crawford Roger Crawford Profile: Roger Crawford

I know this blog is suppose to be all about SBS 2003 and SBS 2008 but sometimes there is not a lot of things happening at the moment and I am off on other missions. One thing nice about the SBS 2003 and SBS 2008 Servers I have out there is they just plain run with no problems bad for me but good for the clients makes them happy when they don’t have to worry about their server which makes me look good and when they do need to do something who they going to go with the Box or the person?

I can’t say enough about the stability of the SBS 2008 servers I have out there now, we have not had to do anything with them since the migration other than the clients doing the updates and also checking the backups. One thing I will be doing in a week or so it take a SBS 2003 Server on old hardware and running out of drive space and moving this to new hardware. The customer is really concerned about downtime so it is a Friday evening move for this to happen. I have a 12 hour window to get the job down and I will be posting on how that goes but my goal is the use the Storage Craft Shadow Protect software to do this. If you have not checked the product out yet I sure would be downloading the trial and trying it out you won’t be disappointed. One little trick with this software is to be sure you have your RAID drivers loaded on the USB Drive you are using for the migration and to select the HIR option and specifying the folder you have the drivers in. I have had to do the C Drive twice to get the drivers to inject into the restore but it sure beats doing the whole server install from scratch or a swing migration. I will work on that ISA documentation and get it out after the weekend.

Til Later just Roger

March 7, 2009  10:13 PM

HP c3000 and Virtual Servers

Roger Crawford Roger Crawford Profile: Roger Crawford

We have a HP c3000 in our office that I have setup with 2– BL 480c Servers with 64 Gig RAM and twin Quad Core CPU’s and 2 BL 465c Servers setup the same way as the 480c’s except with the AMD processors and 36 Gig RAM. We are attaching to a AIO600c Storage blade for the virtual servers using iSCSI. We are using 3 of the servers for HyperV and 1 for a server needing hardware and is not supported virtually. As of right now I have moved 13 servers over to the HyperV servers. We had some Virtual Servers running on Virtual Server 2005 R2 and physical servers. We have noticed a performance increase in the response of our applications available to the outside after the move. We have reduced our server area by 4 physical servers so far and plan to move a few more out. I was down to a HP event at the Woodlands just outside of Houston a year or so ago and they was talking Greening up your data center with the c7000 and talked of  the c3000 at that time. So we are living that at the moment.

I have to hand it to MS the SCVMM 2008 is a great tool for any of you that have a few servers to move either in a P2V or a V2V migration it works great. I have another customer who runs around 35 servers that we are starting to getting ready to move some of their systems Virtually also. We are using a c7000 with 2 BL 480c servers and twin QC CPu’s and 48 Gigs of RAM and we are connecting to a HP MSA 2012i for hosting the Virtual Servers and so far in testing this is looking really good. Just have to test the failover yet and then it is time for prime time. Well more on this later.

Til later just Roger


March 7, 2009  9:41 PM

Publishing SBS 2008 with ISA Server 2004 or ISA 2006 Part 3

Roger Crawford Roger Crawford Profile: Roger Crawford

I know I have lagged on finishing this up but it will be coming sorry for the delay but it has been a crazy week and I have not got much done outside of work. One of my clients was adding a new store to their growing list of locations and also they had a main terminal Server go down on Wednesday so that has been part of my crazy week. As they said to Neo in the Matrix you need to unplug man. Well that is what I have done this weekend, was kick back and not do much. My wife left today to visit her dad in AZ with her sister and left me in charge of the boys but who really is in charge.

Til later just Roger


February 28, 2009  3:33 PM

Migrating a old 2003 Terminal Server to new Equipment

Roger Crawford Roger Crawford Profile: Roger Crawford

I had a customer who has had a 2003 Terminal Server for about 5 years and he was wanting to go to new equipment but not the pain to reload all the applications. I usually prefer reloading but in this case the server has been really stable and no problems. So I said OK lets give it a shot and I used Shadow Protect for IT and backed up the old server and then booted the new HP Server and configured the RAID and then started the restore and I noticed when it finished the C Drive it did not load the RAID drivers and thought to myself ok it had something that matches so we are good. NOT it did not load the drivers. Dang now what I explored a few options and ended up reloading the restore again of the C and this time it loaded the RAID drivers. Whew!!!! HP does have a utility that you can change a USB Drive into a Floppy so I could have loaded the drivers this way through the booting to a server OS CD and hitting F6 but the curious guy I am I wanted to see if the other would work like it was suppose too and had before. But it was all good server came up and the users the next morning was very happy with the new found speed they had. We went from a Dual XEON 3.06 CPU’s and 2.5 Gig of RAM to a server with dual QC CPU’s and 10 Gig of RAM running 2003 Enterprise TS Server. It handles the 31 users with room to grow.

 

Til later just Roger


February 25, 2009  4:31 PM

2008 Hyperv and LPT1 Port on the 2003 Virtual Servers

Roger Crawford Roger Crawford Profile: Roger Crawford

Have you had Virtual Servers running on a 2008 HyperV Server and needed to add a LPT port to the Virtual Server? If you was like me you searched the web and MS high and low and you found that it is a non supported deal and no one had a way to make it work. Well we had created a couple of Terminal Servers running on our HyperV Servers and some of the software needed the LPT1 port to be there. Well when HyperV was in Beta I monkeyed around and got LPT1 defined and working.  Well you know what they tell you about documentation I ignored it and did not write down anything I had done to make it work. No problem here that settling will come over when I move them to new hardware. Wrong answer the settings did not.

Okay now what do I do well I messed with it some but run out of time so Randy our network admin took this and figured out what I did and this is the steps to create a LPT1 Port on your Virtual Server running on a 2008 HyperV Server. I am going to add to this that this is not a supported MS deal this is just what we came up with the make this work for us.

So I looked at the registry keys on the old machines and on the Registry Key on the new ones

 HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\Parport

 I changed the DWORD Value of Start from 4 to 3

 I did the same on CurrentControSet001 and CurrentControSet002 as well

 On the registry Key

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\HARDWARE\DEVICEMAP

 I added the missing key PARALLEL PORTS

Then I added a string  \Device\Parallel0 with a value of \DosDevices\LPT1

  Next I went into the services and disabled the services HP Port Resolver and HP Status Server

 I’m not real sure if this actually had an impact but it seemed like a good idea when I ran across certain problems associated with these two services

 Lastly if the LPT1 did not exist in the Device Manager I went to add Hardware and manually added a Printer Port.

 Under the Printer port settings I changed it from LPT3 to LPT1

 Checked the Option “Never Use an Interrupt”  and checked “Enable Legacy Plus and Play Detection”

After I completed these steps on one of the terminal servers the error flag cleared immediately on the port in device manager. On the other I had to restart the server but when it came back up the error was cleared and it is working fine.

 Til Later just Roger

 


February 21, 2009  1:59 AM

Publishing SBS 2008 with ISA Server 2004 or ISA 2006 Part 2

Roger Crawford Roger Crawford Profile: Roger Crawford

In this post we are going to talk about setting up the device sitting in front of your ISA Server either your Basic Router of choice or in this instance I will be using a Sonic Wall device. What you must decide is the IP Range you are going to use for your space between the SonicWall Lan link and the ISA Servers External NIC. Lets use 10.10.1.1 for your ISA Servers External Nics IP and 10.10.1.2 for your Sonic Wall Lan IP and a Subnet of 255.255.255.0

On your ISA Server on the External Nic properties you would define it’s IP as 10.10.1.1 Subnet of 255.255.255.0 and it’s gateway would be 10.10.1.2 this is your Sonic Walls LAN IP. On the Sonic Wall when you have set this up when you go through the setup Wizard the LAN and the WAN IP’s are defined which makes the whole process pretty darn easy. Once this is completed you would login to your SW and go to the Firewall Rules. I am using a Sonic Wall with the Basic Firmware on it and not the Enhanced OS that is a few more steps but for you that are familiar with the OS this will be a snap. You go to the Firewall Rules and Create the Rules for 443 and set it to allow and then from all on the WAN and point this to 10.10.1.1 on the LAN and do the same for Port 25 and Port 987. That is all you have to do on the Sonic Wall now to the ISA Server but the same logic will hold true for whatever type of device you have setting in front of the ISA Server if that is the choice you make. Or if you have nothing in front of this and you can ignore all of this and now on to setting up the ISA Server.

Til later just Roger


February 21, 2009  1:45 AM

Publishing SBS 2008 with ISA Server 2004 or ISA 2006 Part 1

Roger Crawford Roger Crawford Profile: Roger Crawford

I know many of you have SBS 2003 Premium with ISA 2004 Server. I know there are those of us that like to use ISA to protect the domain either by itself or in a 2 Layer aapproach. I myself have my clients running a Sonic Wall firewalls out in front of the ISA Server. I will be walking you though the setting up the ISA Server for publishing the pieces of the SBS 2008 Server that you will want to access from the outside world. This is just basic Publishing with ISA Server.

The RWW is basically using the Terminal Server Gateway piece of 2008 Server for the connections into your network clients or servers. One thing you will have to do is export out your SSL cert off the SBS 2008 Server for your remote.domainname.com or whatever you are using for the outside world and then import that into the Server Certificates Personal Store on the ISA Server. This will be applied to your Web Listner on the External NIC of the ISA Server. Also on some you will need to import this into the Intermediate Trusts also as I have had some sites that I have had to do this on.

You can use the Exchange Wizard on the ISA Server to Publish the OWA and Mobile Access and your Exchange Server. I will go into this all in greater detail in more posts on this subject as I walk you through the setting up of the ISA Server to work with the SBS 2008 Server and also your Sonic Wall of like device in front of it all.

Til Later just Roger


February 18, 2009  12:29 PM

Standard Server 2003 Migration to SBS 2008 Part 4

Roger Crawford Roger Crawford Profile: Roger Crawford

I have had some questions about once you do the migration how do i get the users to show up in the SBS 2008 Console. Here is my reply to one of those questions and hopefully it will help those that is looking for this answer.

“In your SBS 2008 Console go to Users and then over to the right you will see “Change User Role for user accounts” select this and then this will start a wizard. Select Standard User and “Replace User Permissions or Roles” hit next here you will see the users on your SBS 2008 Server but if you check the box that says “Display all user accounts in AD” this will show you your users you are looking for. You highlight the ones you want and add them and the wizard will do the rest. You will have to do this for the ones you want as Standard users and also again for the ones you want to have Administrative permissions. Also if you are wanting your computers and Servers to show up in their respective lists you add these to the SBS Computers and Servers OU’srespectively and then they will show up in your SBS 2008 console.”

Til later just Roger


February 17, 2009  11:42 PM

HP BL 480c Memory Problem

Roger Crawford Roger Crawford Profile: Roger Crawford

I was setting up our BL 480c Blade servers in our c3000 Enclosure and I had installed 64 Gig of RAM in the systems. When it booted to POST it would only show 48 Gig but within the BIOS and Server Manager on the 2008 Server it would show the 64 Gig like it was suppose to have. I checked the slots the RAM was in and those was correct as you really need to pay attention when adding RAM to these servers or you will get the wrong slots and have this problem. I also verified in BIOS that the server was Advanced ECC Support and not in Mirrored memory Mode or online Spare Mode.

What I ended up doing was having to put the server into maintenance mode and having all but 2 pairs removed from the server. Setting the NVRAM dip switch number 6 to on starting the blade and letting it come to post then shutting it down and then turning Dip switch number 6 to the off position and then adding the rest of the RAM to the system and life was good. So steps was

Shutdown Server
Remove extra RAM
Set the Dip Switch number 6 to on
Power on the server to Post
Shut server down
Add the rest of the RAM
Start Server life was good.

Til later just Roger


February 14, 2009  9:07 PM

Network messing up and where do you start

Roger Crawford Roger Crawford Profile: Roger Crawford

Ok Monday we get a call from one of our big customers and their network was going up and down and I had thought I had fixed this problem on Monday. Really didn’t find the problem I thought it was one of the Internal Web Servers had freaked out and had things rebooted and things was working when I left but little did I know. Well Tuesday morning we get the call they are acting up again so I head over there along with one of the Network guys meeting me there. We thought the ISA 2006 Server had a NIC or something going bad on it but I thought it was something else.

So we get on-site and are digging and poking around and not seeing a darn thing that would be effecting them. The network guy started to watch the ARP Table on the main core switch and started to see a entry for the IP of the ISA Server changing from one MAC address to another. OK this is weird and we could not find anything to what that one pointed at for a device. So he set the switch to hard code the MAC for the ISA IP and things calmed down. We looked some more and didn’t find anything else. But from the result of the network we had some things to clean up with users which we went around doing. We get tot he last one and this is a mobile user with a laptop. I get to looking on the laptop and notice that the NIC has sharing turned on, jackpot we found the device that was conflicting with the ISA Server as one of the NIC’s had the same IP of the server. So we will be moving the servers to a new IP Range. It was funny when I found this the user goes what when I was showing it to the network guy. I asked do you want me to lie to you or tell you the truth. They picked the truth and I told them that they was the one taking down the whole network. Boy was there face red but problem solved. The reason I thought I had it fixed the day before the user had packed up and left.

 

Til Later just Roger


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