PowerShell for Windows Admins

May 20 2012   12:40PM GMT

Using Invoke-WmiMethod to set the DNS servers

Richard Siddaway Richard Siddaway Profile: Richard Siddaway

In the last post I showed that there was an issue with the way the SetDNSServerSearchOrder of the Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration class worked

This would work

$nic = Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration -Filter "Index=7"

but using Invoke-WmiMethod failed

After discussions with Bartek Bielawski (PowerShell MVP) and a bit more digging I found that for multiple DNS servers this would work

$dnsserver = "", ""
Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration  -Filter "Index=7" | Invoke-WmiMethod -Name SetDNSServerSearchOrder -ArgumentList (, $dnsserver)

Its necessary to create an array as the input argument  (, $variable) – its a unary array ie one element array

if you want to use just a single DNS server then you need to use the unary array trick twice – once when you create the variable and again when you use Invoke-wmimethod.  Messy but it works

$dnsserver = (,"")
Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration  -Filter "Index=7" | Invoke-WmiMethod -Name SetDNSServerSearchOrder -ArgumentList (, $dnsserver)


If you want to use the new CIM cmdlets in PowerShell v3 – its easy if you have multiple DNS servers

$dnsserver = "", ""
Get-CimInstance -ClassName Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration -Filter "Index=7" | Invoke-CimMethod -MethodName SetDNSServerSearchOrder -Arguments @{DNSServerSearchOrder = $dnsserver}


for a single one we just need to create a unary array on the Arguments parameter
$dnsserver = ""
Get-CimInstance -ClassName Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration -Filter "Index=7" | Invoke-CimMethod -MethodName SetDNSServerSearchOrder -Arguments @{DNSServerSearchOrder = (,$dnsserver)}


This is not satisfactory because we have to adopt different techniques depending on the number of DNS servers we need to put into NIC property. This is NOT a PowerShell issue – it has to be a WMI issue because the IP address that we saw last time also takes an array and it was very happy with a single value.

Hopefully this is not something that will come up too often but be aware of these options when working with WMI methods

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