Scanning through the Storage module there is a bunch of useful cmdlets – starting with the Get* cmdlets:
Get-Command -Module Storage get*
£> Get-PhysicalDisk | Format-List FriendlyName, CanPool, OperationalStatus, HealthStatus, Usage, Size
FriendlyName : PhysicalDisk0
CanPool : False
OperationalStatus : OK
HealthStatus : Healthy
Usage : Auto-Select
Size : 256060514304
£> Get-Disk | ft -a
Number Friendly Name OperationalStatus Total Size Partition Style
—— ————- —————– ———- —————
0 HFS256G3AMNB-2200A Online 238.47 GB GPT
£> Get-Partition | ft -a
Disk Number: 0
PartitionNumber DriveLetter Offset Size Type
————— ———– —— —- —-
1 1048576 350 MB Recovery
2 368050176 200 MB System
3 577765376 128 MB Reserved
4 C 711983104 231.85 GB Basic
5 249663848448 5.96 GB Recovery
£> Get-Volume | ft -a
DriveLetter FileSystemLabel FileSystem DriveType HealthStatus SizeRemaining Size
———– ————— ———- ——— ———— ————- —-
C Windows NTFS Fixed Healthy 160.2 GB 231.85 GB
Windows RE tools NTFS Fixed Healthy 56.86 MB 350 MB
Recovery image NTFS Fixed Healthy 445.72 MB 5.96 GB
I was asked a question about deleting files from a folder based on age. The requirement was to delete all but the youngest N files.
One solution is a classic PowerShell one-liner. It is actually one PowerShell pipeline though I’ve split it across multiple lines for ease of reading.
Get-ChildItem -Path c:\temp -Filter *.tmp -File | sort LastWriteTime -Descending | select -Skip 5 | Remove-Item
Use Get-Childitem to read the files you’re interested in. I’ve used the –File parameetr to restrict the examination to files.
Sort the files on LastWriteTime – you could use CreationTime if the files haven’t been changed since creation. You want the results sorted in descending order so the latest files are at the top of the list. Younger dates are greater than older dates.
use Select-Object to skip the first N (in this case 5) files and pipe everything else into remove-item. Add a –whatif parameter to Remove-Item if want to see how its working before letting it loose.
A nice simple answer with a use for Select-Object’s –Skip parameter that I hadn’t thought of before.
You may have seen this at the top of scripts or modules
#Requires –Version 3
This will stop the script running if the PowerShell version is 2.0 or below.
Other options are available
#Requires –PSSnapin can be used to force the loading of a snapin
#Requires –Modules can be used to force importing of modules
#Requires –Shellid controls which shells the script can run in. Default PowerShell installs have the ISE and console
#Requires –RunAsAdminstrator – script must be running in instance of PowerShell with elevated privileges
These provide a simple and easy way to control execution without lots of code. I particularly like the last one.
Some times you need to reboot a remote machine as part of your process. PowerShell provides the Restart-Computer cmdlet to perform that task:
Restart-Computer -ComputerName server03
If you want you process to pause until the reboot has finished then you add the –Wait parameter:
Restart-Computer -ComputerName server03
You final options when pausing are to wait until a specific service – PowerShell, WinRM or WMI is avialable:
Restart-Computer -ComputerName server03 -Wait -For PowerShell
Restart-Computer -ComputerName server03 -Wait -For WinRM
Restart-Computer -ComputerName server03 -Wait -For Wmi
These options should cover most situations as these services are among the last to become available when a machine starts.
My Learn AD management in a Month of Lunches has gone to the printers – expect it soon
Like all well behaved technology Desired State Configuration (DSC) requires access to WMI. Specifically it needs root/Microsoft/Windows/DesiredStateConfiguration
This is available on the Windows 2012 R2 DSC server you configure but isn’t available on older versions of Windows.
You must install Windows Management Framework 4.0 (PowerShell 4.0) on any machine that you are going to configure through DSC. Windows Server 2012 already has it installed but for Windows 2008 R2 & Windows 2012 you’ll need to download the appropriate version of WMF 4.0 and install it.
With the PowerShell 65 days away there is still plenty of time to get registered. This is the only event this year that will feature such a line up of PowerShell experts – including the PowerShell team themselves.
The attendees at last year’s Summit decided it was an excellent experience – this years will be just as good.
Registration details from http://powershell.org/wp/community-events/summit/
I’ve never really understood the logic behind the Wait-Job cmdlet. The idea of PowerShell Jobs is to kick of tasks that grind away in the background and you get the prompt back so you can keep on working. Wait-Job stops the prompt being returned until one or more jobs have finished.
It clicked this morning – I need to run some tasks in parallel and decided that a number of jobs was the best way (I looked at workflow but there are some complications such that I didn’t pursue that route). The only complication with using Jobs is that you don’t know when they finish (unless you check with Get-Job) and I needed a number of Jobs to finish before starting the last job in the series – this is a data dependency issue that I can’t avoid.
Wait-Job is the answer. Start my first set of jobs. Use:
Get-Jobs | Wait-Job
which means nothing else is done until all my jobs finish and then start the last job.
As I’m going to be running this through a scheduled task I don’t care about the prompt being frozen.
Nice to finally find a use for a cmdlet I’ve ignored since it appeared.
A free ebook on managing various aspects of your networking is now available from http://powershell.org/wp/2014/02/19/free-ebook-from-microsofts-scripting-guy-windows-powershell-networking-guide/
The book is written by Ed Wilson – The Scripting Guy – and is a must read for any PowerShell user.
No – we’re not announcing the start of the next games just yet.
There is however a chance for you to shape the next games – head over to http://powershell.org/wp/2014/02/17/what-should-the-scripting-games-look-like-next-time/ and tell us what you would like to see in the next games