PowerShell for Windows Admins


June 24, 2013  3:23 PM

WMI association example

Richard Siddaway Richard Siddaway Profile: Richard Siddaway

A question came up on the Powershell.org forum about finding the groups of which local accounts are members

You can get account data using Win32_UserAccount

Group information is held in Win32_Group. You can see the relationship between users and groups by dumping the Win32_GroupUser instances. You will see a load of entries like this

GroupComponent : Win32_Group (Name = “Administrators”, Domain = “RSLAPTOP01″)
PartComponent : Win32_UserAccount (Name = “Administrator”, Domain = “RSLAPTOP01″)
PSComputerName : CimClass : root/cimv2:Win32_GroupUser
CimInstanceProperties : {GroupComponent, PartComponent}
CimSystemProperties : Microsoft.Management.Infrastructure.CimSystemProperties

WMI classes have associations – in this case there is an association between the Win32_User and the Win32_Group classes. The Win32_GroupUser can be thought of as the linking class. What we need to do to is to go from the individual instances of Win32_User (the users) to the associated groups.

Something like this should do it

$data = Get-CimInstance -ClassName Win32_UserAccount -Filter “LocalAccount = $true” |
foreach {
$groups = Get-CimAssociatedInstance -InputObject $PSItem -ResultClassName Win32_Group | select -ExpandProperty Name
$PSItem | Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name “Groups” -Value ($groups -join “;”) -PassThru
}
$data | select Caption, Groups

WMI – a bit convoluted but it always gets there

June 24, 2013  12:04 PM

Touching files

Richard Siddaway Richard Siddaway Profile: Richard Siddaway

Unix has a command called touch that allows you to set the access time on a file. PowerShell doesn’t have a direct equivalent but it is very easy to perform the same task:

$date = (Get-Date).AddMonths(-2)
Get-ChildItem -Path C:\Teszzt2 -Filter f*.txt |
Set-ItemProperty -Name LastWriteTime -Value $date -PassThru |
Set-ItemProperty -Name LastAccessTime -Value $date -PassThru |
Set-ItemProperty -Name CreationTime -Value $date

Set the date you want. Get the files and pipe into Set-ItemProperty. The example shows LastWriteTime, LastAccessTime and CreationTime all being modified. Change the code to just change what you need.

You can see the results

Get-ChildItem -Path C:\Teszzt2 -Filter f*.txt |
select Name, LastAccessTime, LastWriteTime, CreationTime


June 23, 2013  3:15 PM

PowerShell.org newsletter

Richard Siddaway Richard Siddaway Profile: Richard Siddaway

At powershell.org we publish a monthly email newsletter. As well as PowerShell related news you get a feature article. These articles are only published through the newsletter and are written by acknowledged PowerShell experts.

You can subscribe, for free, at

http://powershell.org/wp/newsletter/


June 23, 2013  8:21 AM

Clearing Event logs

Richard Siddaway Richard Siddaway Profile: Richard Siddaway

I needed to clear some event logs on a test machine. Rather than picking and choosing I’ll clear them all

Get-EventLog -List |
where {($_.Entries).Count -gt 0} |
foreach {Clear-EventLog -LogName $_.Log}

The interesting part is the where-object filter in that Entries is a collection of the Entries in the log. If you want the number of entries you have to specificaly ask for it. The output of get-eventlog –list is formatted to display the count


June 23, 2013  5:57 AM

Opinion–automate or suffer

Richard Siddaway Richard Siddaway Profile: Richard Siddaway

I was on a course last week and one attendee uttered words to this affect “I won’t automate – it takes to long to write the code. I’ll keep doing it manually”

You may be able to do it faster the first time by performing the task manually. I can guarantee that the second time my automation will be faster and by the third time I’ll have recovered the effort I made in automating.

IT is getting more complicated, with more dependencies and less time to set things up. If you want consistent, quick results – automate. if you don’t – you’re in the wrong business.


June 12, 2013  3:31 PM

Scripting Games – what’s wrong with this

Richard Siddaway Richard Siddaway Profile: Richard Siddaway

I noticed code like this in quite a few entries in for Event 1

Get-ChildItem -path C:\Application\log -Recurse -Filter *.log | Where-Object{$_.LastWriteTime -lt [DateTime]::Now.Subtract([TimeSpan]::FromDays(90))} | ForEach-Object {…}

From the title it should be obvious that there’s something I don’t like.

The where-object re-calculates the date to test for EVERY object on the pipeline.

That’s not efficient.

Put the calculation outside your pipeline

$testdate = [DateTime]::Now.Subtract([TimeSpan]::FromDays(90))

or

$testdate = (get-date).AddDays(-90)

which I personally think is simpler

Your pipeline then becomes

Get-ChildItem -path C:\Application\log -Recurse -Filter *.log | Where-Object{$_.LastWriteTime –lt $testdate} | ForEach-Object {…}

Much simpler and more efficient.

I wonder if putting the calculation into the pipeline is part of the almost religious fervour surrounding the “one-liner”. if you can sensibly put your code into 1 line – read one pipeline because that’s what we’re really doing – then do so. But don’t make it more inefficient as a consequence.


June 10, 2013  3:13 PM

AD Management in a Month of Lunches–new MEAP

Richard Siddaway Richard Siddaway Profile: Richard Siddaway

Chapters 12 and 13 have been added to the Manning Early Access Program

Chapter 12 shows you how to manage your domain controllers

Chapter 13 teaches how to protect the data in your Active Directory

You can order the MEAP from www.manning.com/siddaway3


June 8, 2013  5:49 AM

Creating DNS PTR records

Richard Siddaway Richard Siddaway Profile: Richard Siddaway

When I was writing the DNS chapter of PowerShell in Practice I couldn’t get the CreateInstanceFromPropertyData method on the MicrosoftDNS_PTRType class to work. Revisiting DNS for AD management in a Month of lunches this time round I have access to the CIM cmdlets so can put the parameter names in. This gives usage like this. I’ve shown Invoke-WmiMethod and Invoke-CimMethod so you can see the parameter names:

Invoke-WmiMethod -Namespace root\MicrosoftDNS -Class MicrosoftDNS_PTRType `
-Name CreateInstanceFromPropertyData `
-ArgumentList “175.168.192.in-addr.arpa”, ‘server02′, ‘55.175.168.192.in-addr.arpa’,
“ADMLServer02.admldns.test”

Invoke-CimMethod -Namespace root\MicrosoftDNS -ClassName MicrosoftDNS_PTRType `
-MethodName CreateInstanceFromPropertyData `
-Arguments @{Containername = “175.168.192.in-addr.arpa”;
DnsServerName = ‘server02′; OwnerName = ‘55.175.168.192.in-addr.arpa';
PTRDomainName =”ADMLServer02.admldns.test”}

If you have access to Windows 2012 then you are better off using the cmdlet

Add-DnsServerResourceRecordPtr –Name ‘54’ `
–ZoneName “175.168.192.in-addr.arpa” `
–PtrDomainName ‘ADMLServer01.admldns.test’ `
–ComputerName server02

Which ever method you use – you can easily create PTR records


May 26, 2013  3:32 AM

Scripting Games-Voting

Richard Siddaway Richard Siddaway Profile: Richard Siddaway

Still time to vote on event 4 – the numbers of votes are falling off slightly – especially in the Advanced events. This is your opportunity to observe what other people are doing, comment and very possibly learn.


May 24, 2013  2:07 PM

PowerShell Deep Dive–MEAP now complete

Richard Siddaway Richard Siddaway Profile: Richard Siddaway

The final chapters of PowerShell Deep Dive have been added to the MEAP

http://www.manning.com/hicks/

Enjoy


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