WhatIs.com Word of the Day Archive


October 31, 2013  1:09 PM

Word of the Day: text mining

Margaret Rouse Margaret Rouse Profile: Margaret Rouse

Overheard

“Analyzing the data that pours out of countless social media sites across the Web has become increasingly critical for forward-thinking organizations looking to stay ahead.”Aaron Lester

Today’s WhatIs.com Word of the Day is text mining,  the analysis of natural language text. The application of text mining techniques to solve business problems is called text analytics. Applying traditional data mining techniques to unstructured data can be challenging because natural language text is often inconsistent, containing ambiguities caused by inconsistent syntax and semantics. Text analytics software can help by transposing words and phrases in unstructured data into numerical values which can then be linked with structured data in a database and analyzed with traditional data mining techniques. Continued…

Related terms:

data mining
natural language
unstructured data
sentiment mining
noisy text
social media analytics

Quiz Yourself

What is the Cupertino effect?
a. the tendency for humans to continue investing in something that clearly isn’t working
b. an erroneous suggestion or replacement by a spellchecker
Answer

Related Reading

Channel partner loyalty: You’re being watched
Partner InSite can evaluate channel partner loyalty by analyzing the language used on a partners’ websites.

Social media analytics software pulls useful info out of online muddle
Social media analytics software enables businesses to sift through the sea of data on social networks and gain insights that can aid decision making on key business issues.

For unwary users, social media data analysis can be an unfriendly task
Learn which obstacles can stand in your way when rolling out a social media analytics program.

October 30, 2013  3:38 PM

Word of the Day: human capital management

Margaret Rouse Margaret Rouse Profile: Margaret Rouse

Overheard

“Human capital management systems encompass a range of capabilities, including performance management, succession planning, recruiting and orientation.”Sue Hildreth

Today’s WhatIs.com Word of the Day is human capital management, an approach to employee staffing that perceives people as assets (human capital) whose current value can be measured and whose future value can be enhanced through investment. Continued…

Related Terms

talent management software
talent analytics
enterprise resource planning
human resource management system
human resource information system

Quiz Yourself

In HR lingo, what do you call the emotional connection an employee experiences that results in his willingness to expend discretionary effort at work?
Answer

Related Reading

Cold storage company reduces human capital management complexity
Since going live in June, Dayforce Human Captital Management has helped Millard Refrigerated Services reduce paper-based processes and improve employee self-service.

Guide to human capital management software
In this guide, learn the growing importance of HCM software, preview future HCM software trends and find out how HCM software differs from HRMS.

Integrating talent management and core HR systems valuable but tricky
Although real-time integration between talent management and core HR systems is desirable, complexity often trips companies up, experts say.


October 28, 2013  2:32 PM

Word of the Day: sharing economy

Margaret Rouse Margaret Rouse Profile: Margaret Rouse

Overheard


“There’s this sea change and mind shift happening around the American dream. It used to be about ownership, but now it’s about access and convenience.” — Brian Harrington

 

Today’s WhatIs.com Word of the Day is sharing economy, a trending business concept that highlights the ability (and perhaps the preference) for individuals to rent or borrow goods rather than buy and own them. The most important criteria for a sharing economy is that it allows individuals to monetize assets that are not being fully utilized.
Continued…

Related terms:

m-payment
mobile point of sale (mobile PoS)
Square
peer-to-peer (P2P)
sea change

Quiz Yourself

What does direct mobile billing allow you to do?
a. charge merchandise to your mobile phone account
b. share your data plan with family members
Answer

Related Reading

CEO mindset: To grow where no one has grown before
Gartner probes the CEO mindset and sees ‘economic defiance,’ an appetite for digital growth and lots of work for the ambitious CIO.

Why companies must rethink data sharing
GE CEO Jeff Immelt explains to customers the benefits of sharing machine data in an industrial Internet.

Understanding PCI mobile payment processing security guidelines
Mike Chapple discusses the new PCI Mobile Payment Acceptance Security Guidelines and explains what merchants must do to comply with these standards.


October 18, 2013  12:03 PM

Word of the Day: open API

Margaret Rouse Margaret Rouse Profile: Margaret Rouse

“Now that software-defined networking has become a reality, innovation at the software layer and above will allow for parallelization and virtualization of the network stack. It will also mean open APIs for third-party development.” — Andreas Antonopoulos

Word of the Day

Today’s WhatIs.com Word of the Day is open API, an application program interface that provides a developer with programmatic access to a proprietary software application. Open APIs are published on the Internet and shared freely. Continued…

Related Terms:

API
API management
DevOps

Quiz Yourself

You probably know that this little penguin is the logo for the Linux operating system, but do you know the penguin’s name?
a. Chilly
b. Opus
c. Tux
d. Wheezy
Answer

Related Reading

Open APIs are nice, but vendors must shoulder data center integration
We tout open APIs for automation and integration in the software-defined data center, but that means big effort by engineers, without requiring vendors to work toward integration.
Old SOA versus new SOA? Open APIs change the game
The high-profile Oracle-Google Android trial shows the changing nature of the Application Programming Interface (API). The move is reflected in new API management products.
Essential guide to API management and application integration
This essential guide covers everything from effective API management to key terms associated with the technology.


October 18, 2013  11:52 AM

Word of the Day: Open Compute Project

Margaret Rouse Margaret Rouse Profile: Margaret Rouse

“When Facebook custom built its data center in Oregon, the goal was to create an easy-to-maintain system that cut down on energy consumption. Then they made all of the specs and designs public by launching the Open Compute Project.”– Dave Cappuccio

Word of the Day

Today’s WhatIs.com Word of the Day is Open Compute Project (OCP), an initiative started by Facebook to share more efficient server and data center designs with the general information technology (IT) industry. The Open Compute Project grew out of Facebook’s efforts to custom design and build software, servers and other data center components to deal with the ever-increasing demands placed on its infrastructure. Continued…

Related Terms:

OpenRack
OpenVault
vendor neutral

Quiz Yourself

Which word describes server hardware that is protected by a patent, trademark or copyright?
a. syndicated
b. proprietary
Answer

Related Reading

Better data center planning tactics from the Open Compute Project
The Open Compute Project improves data center planning by sharing new initiatives and best practices.Open source hardware helps Facebook save costs, energy
Facebook has reduced costs by 24% and increased IT energy efficiency by 38% since it started using open source hardware systems.Facebook talks about Open Compute’s open source switch project
Facebook execs Frank Frankovsky and Najam Ahmad discuss why the Open Compute Project will design an open source switch that can run any network operating system.


October 9, 2013  2:24 PM

Word of the Day: Wireshark

Margaret Rouse Margaret Rouse Profile: Margaret Rouse

“Proactive network analysis can decrease your stress levels in the long run, enabling you to live longer and enjoy your retirement on that small secluded cove by your new beach house.” — Laura Chappell

Word of the Day

Today’s WhatIs.com Word of the Day is Wireshark, an open source network forensics tool for profiling network traffic and analyzing packets. Wireshark is a popular tool for testing basic traffic transmission, analyzing bandwidth usage, testing application security and identifying faulty configurations. Because it is open source, Wireshark’s filters can be tailored to the unique needs of a specific enterprise network. Continued…

Related Terms

network forensics
sniffer
tcpdump
application security
network configuration management

Quiz Yourself

Which word describes a 2-D telephone icon that closely resembles its 3-D real-world counterpart?
a. skeuomorphic
b. holographic
Answer

Related Reading

Detecting malicious traffic on VoIP-enabled networks with Wireshark
Because Voice over Internet Protocol leverages existing IP infrastructure, many vulnerabilities that affect traditional IP communications also affect VoIP communications.
Wireshark tutorial: How to sniff network traffic
Mike Chapple explains how to sniff network traffic and assess your enterprise’s network security.
Wireless sniffing best practices using Wireshark
Wireshark’s display filtering and protocol decoders can help a wireless network administrator to identify security vulnerabilities.


October 8, 2013  4:08 PM

Word of the Day: big data management

Margaret Rouse Margaret Rouse Profile: Margaret Rouse

“Many companies think they have a “big data” problem when they really have a big “data problem.” — Diego Basch

Word of the Day

Today’s WhatIs.com Word of the Day is big data management, the organization, administration and governance of large volumes of both structured and unstructured data. By examining data from a variety of sources — including call detail records, system logs and social media sites — a company can gain insight into what business processes need improvement and how to gain a competitive advantage. Continued…

Related Terms

unstructured data
data quality
big data analytics
in-memory analtyics
data classification

Quiz Yourself

Which is bigger — a petabyte of data or an exabyte of data?
Answer

Related Reading

Big data and predictive analytics: When is enough data enough?
The problem with big data is not just about volume or complexity — it’s about translating the language of analytics into something the business can understand.
Structuring a big data strategy
Creating a successful big data strategy means cutting through the information noise and finding useful business insights. This big data strategy guide will help get you there.
Putting big data technology in its place
This special edition of Business Information magazine provides insight into how in-memory analytics tools can help an organization meet its business needs.


October 7, 2013  5:05 PM

Word of the Day: session border controller

Margaret Rouse Margaret Rouse Profile: Margaret Rouse

Word of the Day

Today’s WhatIs.com  Word of the Day is  session border controller (SBC), a dedicated hardware device or software application that governs the manner in which phone calls are initiated, conducted and terminated on a Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) network. Basically, an SBC acts a router between the enterprise and carrier service, allowing only authorized phone calls to pass through a connection point (border).  Continued…

Related Terms

VoIP
QoS
unified communications
firewall

“Session border controllers (SBC) are the traffic cops of the IP telephony infrastructure.”– Michael Brandenburg

Quiz Yourself

What do you call unsolicited marketing phone calls on a VoIP network?
a. SPIT
b. SMOG
c. SPAM
d. SPIN
Answer

Related Reading

Guide to session border controllers: Inside IP telephony’s traffic cop
Learn more about the role that session border controllers play in an IP telephony infrastructure.
Virtualized session border controllers: Are there drawbacks?
It’s important to understand the strengths and weaknesses of this software-based delivery model.
SIP-flood and TDoS attacks: What is the difference?
Learn more about how these attack vectors work and which type of attack might be identified and thwarted by an SBC deployed at the network edge.


October 3, 2013  5:53 PM

Word of the Day: application delivery controller (ADC)

Margaret Rouse Margaret Rouse Profile: Margaret Rouse

Word of the Day

Today’s WhatIs.com Word of the Day is application delivery controller (ADC), a network device that manages client connections to complex Web and enterprise applications. In general, a controller is a hardware device or a software program that manages or directs the flow of data between two entities. Continued…

Related Terms

controller
load balancing
hardware load balancing device
authentication, authorization and accounting
wide area network (WAN)
cache

Overheard

“When choosing an ADC, it is important for an IT organization to understand how its hypervisor management system will interface with the load balancer and how the ADC supports the dynamic creation and movement of virtual machines.” Dr. Jim Metzler

Quiz Yourself

Which old school programming language for business applications is making a comeback in college-level computer science programs? HINT: The language is closely associated with Admiral Grace Hopper.
a. COBOL
b. FORTRAN
Answer

Related Reading

Cloud & ADCs: Enterprises need cloud load balancer technology
Learn why the cloud is transforming the ADC market.
Application delivery controller technology plays many roles
As IT shops become application service providers, they are turning to application delivery controller technology to play a role in virtualization and WAN optimization.
Virtual application delivery controllers could lead to better apps
Virtual ADCs allow devops to deliver applications that are optimized for the production network.


October 1, 2013  10:50 PM

Word of the Day: carbon nanotube

Margaret Rouse Margaret Rouse Profile: Margaret Rouse

Word of the Day

Today’s WhatIs.com Word of the Day is carbon nanotube  (CNT),  a hollow, cylindrical carbon structure with hexagonal graphite molecules attached at the edges. Nanotubes, which are grown in a laboratory, are strong and exhibit many thermal and electrical properties that are desirable to chip makers. Carbon nanotubes have the potential to be used as semiconductors, for example, potentially replacing silicon in a wide variety of computing devices.

Related Terms

graphene
graphene transistor
silicon
semiconductor
CPU
nanotechnology

Overheard

Carbon Nanotube Valley just doesn’t have the same ring to it. But if scientists at Stanford University have their way, computing’s most iconic element – and the Valley’s namesake – could be going the way of the vacuum tubes that came before it.” — Nick Mokey

Quiz Yourself

Miniaturization has been a driving force in the semiconductor industry. What “law” states that the number of transistors per square inch has doubled every 18 months?
Answer

Related Reading

Understanding silicon photonics technology
Welcome to the world of silicon photonics technology, a method modern engineers use to create microchips.
Intel roadmap adds low power, high density chips for micro servers
Last summer Intel disclosed plans to expand its product line of low power, high density processors to meet the demand for micro servers.
Primer: A new generation of programmable ASICs
Application-specific integrated circuits (ASICs) are customized network silicon designed for a particular purpose. Learn why they play an important part in emerging technology.


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