Open Source Software and Linux

Jan 25 2009   1:22AM GMT

Using the Korn Shell with Linux

John Little Profile: Xjlittle

My current consulting gig requires that I use the Korn Shell and modify Unix scripts so that they will work with Linux. While the Korn Shell has many comparable characteristics of BASH there are some distinct differences-or at least ones that I’ve never seen in BASH.

The first difference that I noticed is tab completion. For example let’s say that I issue the command

ls /home/jlittle

and hit the tab key to see the files and directories. The output that you see will be in this format

ls /home/jlittle/
1) CentOS-5.2-x86_64-bin-DVD/
2) Desktop/
3) Documents/
4) Video call snapshot 8.png
5) bin/
6) ffmpeg.cfg

At this point you can either choose a number and hit the tab key or type in the first couple of letter of what you want to see or do. The complete output when using the number would look like this

ls /home/jlittle/<tab>
1) CentOS-5.2-x86_64-bin-DVD/
2) Desktop/
3) Documents/
4) Video call snapshot 8.png
5) bin/
6) ffmpeg.cfg
ls /home/jlittle/Desktop/<2tab>
Project-timeSheet.ods Skype.desktop

Typing 2 tab and the tab completion gives us the listing of the /home/jlittle/. Kind of a cool way of doing tab completion don’t you think?

You should also not use the “test” built-in that is available in bash. In bash the test built-in is the same as the “[" built-in. In other words don't use

if test $# -gt 0; then

instead use:

if [ $# -gt 0 ]; then

The korn shell also prefers the use of double brackets syntax "[[ ]]" instead of single brackets. This adds additional operators such as && and ||:

if [[ $# -gt 0 && $? -eq 0 ]]; then

You can use && and || to construct shorthand for an "if" statement in the case where the if statement has a single consequent line:

[ $# -eq 0 ] && exit 0

The Korn Shell is a powerful tool that can make your job easier. Since it's creation several features have been added while maintaining backwards compatibility with the Bourne shell. The Korn shell can also be used as a programming language which gives it a distinct advantage of typical Unix and Linux shells.

Give ksh a whirl. I haven't even scratched the surface of what the Korn shell can do for your scripting. If you are used to scripting with Bash then learning the Korn shell should only have a mild learning curve while presenting you with additional scripting power and speed.

-j

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