What is the relationship between Web Service, SOA and SOAP?

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SOA
SOAP
Web services
I am getting confused about when we are using the web service, SOA and SOAP. What's the relationship between the three?

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Although the acronyms  look similar, their meaning is pretty different.

SOA (Service Oriented Architecture) is an architecture, a set of design principles or guidelines to construct a system whose parts are loosely coupled.

SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) is a protocol by which applications communicate using XML-based messages, and it is commonly used in web services.

Since a SOA-based system may include web services, it can also make use of the SOAP protocol, but SOA doesn’t necessarily involve SOAP, and the use of SOAP does not necessarily mean a SOA-based system is involved.

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