First I strongly encourage you to review Chapter 21 Using Transaction Files of the <a href=”http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/iseries/v5r4/topic/books/sc092540.pdf”>ILE COBOL Programmer’s Guide</a>. Display Files (*DSPFs) in COBOL are called Transaction Files and the correct way to read a *DSPF is the READ statement.
Within a *DSPF there can be multiple record formats defined. Evidently there is one in your *DSPF named ‘ASU906CEF1’. Somewhere in the program there is most likely also a WRITE statement which has previously written record format ‘ASU906CEF1’ to the display device, the user has then entered/changed/reviewed the data, and now the COBOL program wants to read the changed data (if any). You can have multiple record formats concurrently being displayed on the display device and you are explicitly requesting the data associated with record format ‘ASU906CEF1’.
Looking at the DDS used to create the *DSPF you should find the definition of the record format following the line
A R ASU906CEF1
to write and read a display file format in RPG we use EXFMT opcode.The general syntax will be as follows:
EXFMT rcdfmt name
here in your question ASU906CEF1 means the record format name given while creating the display file. It is the way in which the records on the display are accessed by the program.
Hope this will help