No. In general, the view selection formula can only refer to the data in the document you are considering for inclusion. The only exception is @All<i>xxx</i> functions which can include responses based on whether their parents are in the view — sort of the opposite of what you want.
What you can do, however, is write agents to test whether documents have responses and flag them accordingly by setting a field. Then you can use that field in the view selection formula. This is easiest if responses are only created, never deleted, because then you can write a “when docs created/modified” agent to flag the main document when the response is created. If you have to notice when the last response is deleted, it becomes more complex, but it can be done using LotusScript scheduled agents.