Hostnames or NetBIOS names were used to provide a friendlier means of identifying servers or workstations.
NetBIOS names is based on an older protocol and should be used within a
LAN only and registers itself on that network everytime that PC is
powered up or rebooted using LMHOSTS, broadcasts or WINS to provide
resolution of a NetBIOS hostname to it’s IP address. Thet are limited to
16 characters in length with 15 characters visible. NetBIOS names
cannot be used as part of a doamin. The underscore character “_” is only
used in NetBIOS names.
Hostnames TCP/IP based are resolved either with a static HOSTS file on
your PC or from a DNS service. They typically are used as part of a
domain. The hostname uses “-” instead of “_” as most DNS will reject
this character and can be up to 255 characters in length.
From Windows 2000 on you can disable NetBIOS and your network will be a
lot quieter. I would recommend acquiring some basic TCP/IP books which
also cover NetBIOS and experiment with your systems. You wil really need
two PC’s minimal and some sort of sniffer tool to understand. You can
read all you want, but until you play with these two protocols it won’t
really click. The NetBIOS name cannot be readily distinguished from a
hostname until you get a domain established. I have only glossed over
this question and I am sure others will throw in probably better
TCP/IP doesn’t implements any host name protocol
netbios is a microsoft protocol which maps the IP addresses to host names.
NetBIOs name is system Name it is only 15 character long and resolve by
NetBios protocal.TCP/IP Name is full system name. it is 65 characters
long and resolved by windows scoket protocal.