Can split air conditioner be installed in data center. What humidity levels are tolerable?

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Data center air conditioning units
Data center cooling
Data center design
Can split air conditioner be installed in data center. What humidity levels are tolerable?

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Split or Window, the humidity level will depend on the technical specifications, the main difference is of noise level between the two. Split will have less noise level in your datacentre. I think both will pass your humidity level requirements as ACs take control of it.

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  • Dave mc
    Split systems are fully acceptable and are available up to about 100kw. The only disadvantages are that when the outside temperature goes above 35degC the efficiency drops as the temperature difference across the condenser coil drops and the heat transfer is reduced. Thus on hotter days the efficiency drops and higher power usage is required when compared to a condenser water system or chilled water system that uses a cooling tower to reject the heat. I don’t recommend a window types as they are not designed for this purpose and always have a percentage of fresh air intake and along with the poor filters allow dirt to pass into the computer environment. The air distribution is also ineffective and would only be acceptable in a very small server room with only a couple of servers ( low capacity) If a larger computer centre is proposed a central plant using chilled water is more efficient compared to using a lot of split systems (one lot of inefficiency compared to a lot of single inefficiency’s) In relation to Humidity the article above id a good one but to add a couple of points from my 25 years in operating data centres. You can easily allow the humidity wander between 20 to 80% provided you can prevent quick swings of temperature and control the static. If a any static computer room floor that is correctly earthed is fitted then the static cant build up. (the racks must also be correctly earthed) if you cant prevent the static build-up then the static should not be allowed to go below the 35% mark (thus the goal of 40%) In relation to the high humidity you should not allow the humidity to go above the 80% jus tin case the temperature with in the room does drop to quickly and thus allowing the moisture to condense out, gut as noted in the article if the room is at 80% then as the air passes thought he server it rises and makes the relative humidity in the server drop and the moisture is unlikely to drop out. Simple rule is not to allow the temperature in the computer room drop to quickly. Hope this helps and not makes it as clear as mud, let me know if you need more info.
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  • Bobkberg
    Previous posters have made some excellent points. The mention of efficiency triggered a thought on my part, although it is somewhat peripheral to the issue. . I cannot count the number of installations - especially smaller to midsize ones where the roof-top unit is sitting in full sunlight. . If you want more efficiency, do NOT add heat to your air conditioning system, put a shading structure over the rooftop unit. It will also lower your electric bill relative to cooling obtained. . More related to the topic is not only avoiding window-style air conditioners (for the dirt they allow in) but to keep the air in the data center as dust free as possible. Dust buildup acts as an insulating blanket which will accelerate the aging of your equipment. Higher humidity levels will also "help" to make the dust stick "better". Bob
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  • Bott
    one more thought to add, often split systems aren't designed to run 24/7 and only during the summer. (Split systems in california at least) if they run during the winter they can ice up and fail, make sure you have a pressure switch so the fan slows/stops spinning when its cold outside or install a unit that can utilize outside air when appropriate i just had 2x 5 1/2 ton die because of ice ( they had been running 7-8 years 24x7 nearly )
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  • StevenG7
    Sanyo (and certainly others) make a series of split-system units suitable for small server-rooms. They are designed to operate both winter and summer (that's never been an issue with them here in Michigan). Pluses: They are inexpensive. Really inexpensive. So much so that we didn't buy service contracts; if something major broke in them it was cheaper to replace one than fix it. Little maintenance required either. Minuses: They are not as reliable as "expensive" CRACs. Best used in an "N+1" arrangement so you're not up the creek if one goes out. They do not provide any sort of humidity control other than non-precision dehumidification.
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