Controls are the activities increasing certainty that plans are achieving the desired objective. The dispersed nature of IT limits the effectiveness of many traditional controls. Without deployment of effective IT governance, often the IT department is not involved in the decision-making and approval-authorization process. Correspondingly, problems arise as to: who enforces standards, how management is assured that their intentions are carried out and how much autonomy users should have. With deployment of effective IT governance, IT department participation in the decision-making process is foundational and deployment decisions are supported by proper delegation of authority to individuals responsible for acquiring, implementing, utilizing, maintaining as well as retiring IT. Furthermore, with deployment of effective IT governance, performance monitoring is enabled to ensure strategic alignment is earnestly pursued by entity personnel.