Depending on the entity, accountability for defining IT project governance can reside within a single person or group. As with IT Governance and Information Security Governance, entity executives should provide quality leadership when defining and activating IT project governance. Whether a single person or a group, IT project governance leadership normally requires vision as well as a potent organizational structure to ensure an effective and efficient IT architecture.
In most situations, IT project governance responsibility and accountability can be enhanced through portfolio management. Theoretically, IT portfolio management encompasses at least three distinct, yet cross-dependent, concepts: project portfolio management, infrastructure portfolio management, and application portfolio management.