Integrated policies improving access control are needed to increase safeguarding capabilities. Furthermore, due to technological and operational diversity, it is critical to have standard processes to control access that will permit economies of scale. Potential candidates for access control convergence include Tokens, Biometrics, Smart Cards and Tracking Systems. When physical and logical penetration protection mechanisms are converged under a unified access control policy, the resulting combination can operate as a baseline, customized to redress entity-centric needs for effective threat countermeasures. Beneficially, regarding operational complexity, access control convergence can simplify security administration. To enable organizational coexistence with technological convergences, an entity’s security function should assume responsibility for implementing and sustaining blended physical and logical controls.
Physical information security is a critical aspect to adequate perimeter and interior controls. Yet, physical controls alone cannot ensure that information assets are protected. For this reason, it is important to establish logical security controls that rebuff information confidentiality, integrity, and availability threats. Both control types should have as their primary objective appropriate asset protection, particularly information in electronic form. Consequently, where feasible, entities should deploy cost-effective processes for protecting the network infrastructure through converged physical and logical security controls.