The small and medium enterprises (SME) today form an integral and a meaningful part of the Indian economy. They have contributed to the growth of the industrial sector in quite some measure, have been feeder companies to large industrial houses and have provided employment to a large section of our population. Their growth and prosperity therefore augurs well for the economic health of the country.
During the last couple of years I have been trying to help small and medium sized organizations enhance their efficiencies and competitiveness by using IT. The attempt is to bring to them systems and good practices that are used in large and professionally run organizations. My experience has so far has been a little short of expectations and I think more effort is needed to bring them into the right fold.
I had an encounter with a large number of SME owners a little while ago at Ludhiana in Punjab. I was a speaker in the event and the event was a part of the seminar series sponsored by one of the leading Banks and coordinated by one of the technology media companies. The sponsors intended to wake up these companies to the new reality so that they prosper, though the interest of the sponsor could be to seek a share in this prosperity. However the effort was commendable as it exposed these companies to the contemporary industry practices.
The first speaker at the seminar was the country head of a global consulting organization. He spoke about the life cycle of small and medium companies based on a study and experience from across countries. He explained the journey that such companies take right from its birth through to survival phase, stabilization, consolidation, growth, decline and death. He laid special emphasis on one of the reasons why these companies fail – that is when in a growth phase they fail to modernize and professionalize or when inducting professional they are unable to manage the conflict between the new breed of professionals and the old guard. The audience listened intently and asked quite a few questions eating up a lot of time. They demanded more of such session and were ready to walk the path.
As I rose to speak, I got a request from the organizers to shorten my talk as we had overshot time. In keeping with the flow I explained to the audience the importance of IT and the need for modernizing their set up with automation. With examples I explained to them how companies have leveraged IT to reduce inventory/outstanding, to enhance customer reach, to bring efficiency to operations etc. I also emphasized the fact that if they continued to ignore, their competitors could steal a march over them. I listed down few of the emerging technologies and explained a few including cloud computing, ERP and web content management and told them how they can use these technologies to get benefits to business. I thought they listened but there were no questions at the end and it looked like a pass-through session. In the subsequent cocktails & dinner session too no one came up and asked for help.
Later as I mused on the subject, the situation looked a little grim to me. Owners of these companies were generally ignorant (based on questions I raised to them during the session) of IT but did not seem to be keen in understanding it either. Advice of the earlier speaker asking them to modernize and use IT did not seem to have penetrated their minds too. They were more concerned about building their businesses and not worried about how to run them.
I spoke to the sponsors and I shared my concerns with them. They agreed to take up this matter with the industry associations and persuade them to organize events focused on educating these organizations to understand and use IT. While the rest of the world is progressing and leveraging technology for their benefit, our small and medium sector should not miss out on this trend and repent later. I think vendors, media, industry associations and Government should play a part in spreading awareness.
I recently attended a seminar organized by a media house titled, ‘The CISO Summit’, and this was the fifth edition of the seminar series. The reason why this seminar stands out is that it was exclusively for CISOs and devoted only to the subject of security. The organizers had also instituted awards honoring CISOs who had done outstanding work in various areas. I was one of the jury members to decide on the awards and also got drawn as a panelist for one of the sessions.
The seminar was well-attended and had people drawn out from different cities. The event was well-organized. The two days of discussions proved very useful and there were quite a few takeaways for the participants. It was refreshing to see the subject of ‘security’ being given full coverage befitting its importance in today’s world of computing and connectivity. A few aspects of the seminar I thought were eye openers and they deserve a mention here.
There was good participation comprising mainly information security heads from various organizations. This was the fifth event in the series and I remember attending the first one five years ago. Most of the participants then were CIOs and therefore the change in the composition of the people over the years clearly indicates that Chief Information Security Officers (CISOs) have assumed a certain level of importance in their organizations and that information security as a function is receiving the desired attention.
The survey findings
The organizers presented the findings of a survey they had conducted on various aspects of security in organizations across industry segments and companies of various sizes. An important aspect of the survey was that the responses were taken not only from CISOs but also from business heads and CEOs which gave a wider view of the subject. When compared with previous years the results showed improvement in CISOs levels, in their interaction with the Board and C levels, in the strategic alignment with business, in the scope, and in the number of people directly reporting to the CEO or COO. Responses from CEOs and CXOs also indicated an improvement in their perception and their willingness to directly participate in defining good security standards.
The seminar covered a wide variety of topics and it was heartening to see that the subject had enough breadth to fill in for two days content. The sessions carried presentations and discussions on the new age threats, about third party risk management, on private public partnership in Cyber Security, on data privacy in enterprises, on Governance, Risk and Compliance and about the Cyber Laws in India etc. Speakers and panelists were drawn from companies (CISOs), experts, vendor representatives, heads of Industry bodies like CERT and a lawyer specializing in Cyber Laws. We also heard of government initiatives in dealing with cyber crimes and about increasing public-private partnership on various projects. The discussions were rich and may have enhanced the knowledge levels of the participants. In short the subject of information security was very comprehensively dealt with, laying emphasis on the fact that this discipline has matured in India and deserved a pride of place not only in organizations but on the national scene as well.
Emphasis on strategic fit
Deliberations in the seminars and a reading of the projects submitted for the awards were a clear pointer to the fact that information security is today considered an integral part of Corporate Governance. I found that the security measures in many of the organizations were taken up as projects which had the blessings of the management. They were in line with the organizations’ overall plans and therefore strategically aligned.
While the event had good participation, they covered only a sample of organizations in India, yet the lessons drawn are significant. Information security is being considered important in this age of all pervasive connectivity and the consequent threats posed by many a hacker, other rogue elements on the net and from bad elements within. Rather than being considered a mere IT measure, it is now part of risk management and governance and CISOs are measuring up to the task.
We often complain of overwork and lament lack of adequate support from within our department. Non-availability of the right people is the usual refrain and we wish we could get good people who would start delivering from day one. Day dreaming, isn’t it? But how often do we look around, spot good people, develop them and encourage them to get better? Perhaps, we are so lost in ourselves that we forget to notice talent around us.
It is therefore prudent to make use of the talent already available with us before looking outside for a Spiderman or Superman to come and save us. Let us look at ways to give shape to this thought.
We often have very capable people in our department but we fail to notice them. It is therefore important to review each one’s performance and identify those who are good but dissatisfied with their roles. If we find someone performing below his potential, it is important to find ways to tap his talent.
Putting them in the right slot
Once identified, these talented people should be assigned proper roles and not let them to languish. I have often seen brilliant staff weighed down by the tyranny of incompetent managers and supervisors. They have to be freed from such situations and positioned in such a way that their strengths are utilized. Putting round pegs in square holes is an old adage but true situations when you find people in wrong roles. For example when I transferred a poor performing software developer to a system administration role, I did so sensing his temperament – he was an action oriented person who was adept in quick analysis and resolving issues. He blossomed in this new role and rose to the position of senior manager in a few years.
Acknowledging / rewarding
We have to watch ourselves and examine if we are miserly in acknowledging people who do good work. A simple pat on the back or a word of praise goes a long way in exhorting people to do better, for otherwise work for them is drab and monotonous. Rewarding select people for good work is a good practice and it not only encourages people to do better it also goes as a message to non-performers to rise up and get better. In two of the companies that I worked for, they had a practice of giving a cash award to outstanding performers based on the recommendation of the functional head or a spot reward for someone who saved a difficult situation.
Good people are often laid to waste if not developed properly. So it is important to identify the staff development needs and sent them on training and development as per their needs. The training should be targeted; meant to address their specific technical or behavioral needs so that they get back and perform better in their respective areas.
Delegation & empowerment
Even if talented individuals have been given the right roles and have been developed, they still may not perform to their true potential. To develop them further it is important to test them with higher responsibilities from time to time. Delegating tasks so that he assumes total responsibility for a certain area or a project would test his abilities, and if successful he/she will rise in his own esteem. Empowering them so that they take their own decisions without referring to us (though with our supervision) will give them more opportunities to build on their talents to rise higher in the organization.
Fast track for high performers
Some companies do have the policy of providing an accelerated path for outstanding performers and those with high potential. Many known personalities in the industrial world are living examples.
If chosen staff in our department start taking up responsibilities and free us from daily hassles, wont we have time to apply ourselves to meeting the organization goals and to play a proactive role our companies. We can then relax a little and free our mind from needless complaining.
We all complain about lack of resources when executing our plans. Manpower availability is always an issue and we wish we had the right manpower to complete our assignments on time or to take up new initiatives. During good times our people leave looking for greener pastures and at the same time recruiting new staff becomes so much more difficult.
The responsibility falls on CIOs and it depends on the way they manage their staffing. They sometimes are unable to deal with this issue adequately, either in the distribution of responsibilities or in deploying the right people on tasks or in their inability to get approval for additional manpower. Let me discuss a few steps that a CIO can take.
Organization structure: The CIO should define a proper organizational (org) structure for his department in keeping with the IT strategy and plans that he may have formulated. The org structure should be in line with organization’s strategy and business priorities and should be formalized and approved by the management. CIOs quite often prefer to stay put with the existing staff and work structure to maintain a status quo but this is what lands them in trouble. The new structure could be very different from what exists today and that would be the organization’s need. It would be inappropriate to start cutting, sieving and filling positions in haste as this could disturb the current work arrangement. The new structure is a statement of intent and a direction which CIOs should aim to move towards, repairing the structure over time so that they get to the final objective in a reasonable time.
Identifying right people in right positions: Even if they define a structure, it may still be a challenge to have the right people in the right roles. I am reminded of my experience when I shifted one of my colleagues from the development team to infrastructure management group despite his protests. This person later blossomed into a valuable asset as he was an action oriented person and a hands-on individual who would roll up his sleeves to set right any problem and he thought of new ways of strengthening the infrastructure. He would just have languished if he had stayed in his earlier position. Similar was the case when I moved a person from portal and content management work to regular SQL programming. In short, when a person gets a role that suits his temperament, he shows excellence.
Dealing with the wrong people: We sometimes find wrong people in our setup. These may either be people who are unqualified, or those who simply do not have the capability or those with wrong attitudes. I am reminded of the advice of Jim Collins in his book ‘How the mighty fall’ when he says that when on a journey, don’t carry the wrong people on the bus – they should be off-loaded. He further says, ‘Having wrong people in positions brings in bureaucracy and decline’. Taking a cue from this, I would say that CIOs should either relocate them or give them an honorable exit in the larger interest of the group.
Training and development: Some of the staff members who are not up to mark can be made useful through targeted training or developmental workshops and courses. It is best to make best use of the existing resources rather than looking for new ones.
Recruitment: When the necessary expertise is not available within, it is best to recruit new talent from outside. The recruitment process should be handled with due seriousness by laying down job description, the desired profile of the candidate and his reporting relationship. Candidate should be chosen after careful assessment of his technical skills, behavioral traits and his cultural suitability. A new person should be inducted for the long run.
Right staffing is therefore of utmost importance for the function to carry forward its program with confidence and to build capability to make an impact in the organization.
IT departments in most organizations try to do its best to help organizations achieve their goals. Some of the IT departments are effective and some are not. Those who pursue their work with a purpose go farther than those who meander their way reacting to the situations as they arise. Those with purpose usually have a clear road map which is understood by most in the department as also by the users they serve. Let us understand how they achieve a clarity of purpose.
Good IT setups strive to define a mission for themselves and set out to achieve what they lay down as goals. This is a serious exercise and just not about writing an attractive statement and hanging it on the wall. They try to engage in serious discussion about what they are, how they are perceived by others, and what they want to become. I have found two types of such engagements in organizations. Some do this exercise because they are required to do so as per their company’s mandate and others do this of their own volition. I have been in both situations and I can state with confidence that the former case does not work; but when people carry out the study because they want to, they achieve excellence.
Such exercise requires considerable patience, understanding, ability for accepting criticism, knowledge of business, foresight and willingness to change. This is a process of enquiry and of redefining purpose and therefore needs participation and debate. Engaging an external consultant to do this work will be foolhardy because they cannot infuse enthusiasm and dedication in the group. However, to cover lack of internal expertise one can have a person as a guide or facilitator who can show them the way and ensure the group does not go astray. The group will have to debate and discover their strengths and opportunities and rededicate themselves to the task. Let us consider some ways to go over this exercise.
There are a few questions that we need to raise and answer. I am sharing these on the basis of my experience of going through this journey.
Who are we? This, is my opinion is the starting point where we try to understand ourselves and of our strengths and weaknesses. There is no harm in being self-critical so long as it is with the intention of improving ourselves. This opens up our minds to adding necessary expertise whenever the need arises.
Why do we exist? This is an important question to answer. We usually take our positions for granted and assume that we are essential part of the organization. My colleagues were taken aback when I asked them what if the management were to decide on outsourcing IT instead of retaining an in-house IT department. There were immediate protests but they had to be cooled down and asked to think and reply why their existence was important. We then went about addressing the question ‘who needs us’?
What are the needs of the organization or the expectations? This is where the needs of ‘the business’ come into play. The CIO has to understand and articulate to the team, the main direction of the organization’s business and its defined goals and priorities. The CIO also has to talk and interview various business heads to understand their issues and expectations. IT then has to align itself to business and chart out its path for playing the role of value addition. If the entire staff is aligned, they will ensure every step taken is in the right direction.
Do we fit the bill? Once this is understood, the group will have to assess their capability in delivering value and wherever there are gaps, they would need to endeavor to fill in with required resources.
Agree to walk along together: This is an important message here saying we agree to walk hand-in-hand or agree to perish together. This speaks of a shared mission on which everyone will contribute.
Having gone through these steps, the task of defining a mission statement for the group turned out to be easy summarization of the most significant ideals drawn up by us. The advantage was that the mission statement represented a value shared by all, and the group commitment went beyond the written statement.
We talk of pesky calls and the ways to exercise control over them. But there is another type of unwarranted call the CIOs often face: the unsolicited contact by overzealous target-driven salesmen. It is not uncommon to receive phone calls from salesmen either through the operator in the office or direct calls to our handsets, sometimes at very inconvenient moments, when we are in a meeting or busy otherwise.
I do empathize with their plight and try not to be harsh with them. Poor guys, they take it easy till they near the quarter-end or the year-end. Realizing that they still have a large ground to cover, they come under pressure and desperately try to pick an order or two from customers like us. People who call may either be vendors who have ongoing business with us or others, aspiring to build new relationships. While we can avoid or ignore a few calls, we are generally obliged to pick up a few.
Let me describe types of calls that I encounter:
Cold calls: These generally are from new vendors who pick up your contact number and call up without a reference. They insist on a short meeting pleading their case and promising path breaking solutions. A few smart ones manage to slip into the organization in the pretext of meeting someone and suddenly appear in front of your desk seeking a minute to introduce themselves. Their desperation surely kills our peace and quiet.
Follow-up calls from the current vendors: Vendors currently engaged with us use their privileged position to fix up review meetings or to make courtesy calls. The intention however is to persuade us to expand our footprint, use new features or to use further services.
Friends & acquaintances who seek a meeting: Some of these are our friends who would have dealt with us in the past or who would have met us in a seminar and exchanged cards with us. Then there are others who are referred to by one of our friends and they use that channel to seek an audience. It is difficult to say ‘No’ and we are obliged to meet.
Vendors engaged in ongoing talks: They are the vendors with whom talks are on and the assignment could either be at the feasibility, exploratory, or evaluation stage or even at the negotiation phase. However, being under pressure to meet their targets, they press on asking us to close the deal immediately so that they can add those numbers to their tally. Refusing to give up easily, they come back to lure us in the form of special discounts and freebees to close the deal. We have to endure and pass this test of patience.
How to manage these situations
New parties or non-significant salespersons can easily be given a go-by but we may not be able to cold-shoulder many others for a variety of reasons. It may be necessary to grant audience to a few in the interest of maintaining relationship or to understand if there is anything worthwhile for us to consider. The CIO can himself meet a few who he considers important but pass on the others to his managers.
Delegating this responsibility to some of your senior officers is a good way to spread the extra load of answering sales calls. This has three advantages. One it gives your manager a sense of importance as he acts as the company’s representative and gets vendors’ attention. Second he develops wonderful experience of dealing with vendors and also gets updated with the latest technology introductions. Thirdly, vendors are happy for having got a hearing.
The term IT Strategy is a commonly spoken of and the subject is often discussed in various seminars and talks. Being of so common a usage, it is assumed that all CIOs know about it and that it is practiced in most organizations.
In my interactions with CIOs in the last few years, I found that ‘strategic planning for IT’ is a practice which is a much less prevalent than what it should be. CIOs apparently have well-run programs in their companies; but on further enquiry, it transpires that many of them do not have their plans laid down on paper and nor do they have those shared with their managements.
If a plan is not clearly spelt out, it will remain unauthentic and not understood by others. In fact, people may even suspect whether such a plan exists. It is therefore important for any strategic plan to be laid down and articulated so that main stakeholders understand and are able to contribute to its fine tuning and its subsequent implementation.
IT plan Vs. IT strategy
Though IT strategy is a very familiar term it is still not understood clearly by many. Many tend to confuse it with the IT plan and hence claim to be on track. There is no disputing the fact that they have good IT plans and some may be running their programs efficiently, but they still do not carry the strategic element in it. In fact, many of the IT plans are really budgeting exercises for the year which list out the investments / expenses and the projects planned. CIOs therefore live from year to year and plan their activities based on user demand and technology additions / upgrades that they chalk out. They lack a discernible direction.
Let me define the subject in simple terms. IT strategy is an IT plan which has a definite direction and purpose. What differentiates an IT strategy from an IT plan is the purpose it serves. IT strategy is not a standalone plan but one which is in sync with the organization’s plans. Therefore the first step for the CIO is to understand the business the company is in, the market that it operates in, the competitors, business challenges, company’s inherent strengths, strategic direction, business priorities, and targets set. Once he gets that straight, he can make plans for IT to address these business issues with the same set of priorities. Obviously, IT strategy will require inputs from business and the final plan drawn up has to be vetted out by various wings of the organization.
Is there a methodology?
Yes, there are many. Management and IT consultants do help organizations and have developed their own sets of methods and practices. However, the CIO himself can adhere to simple principles of needs-discovery if he has the required capability. He has to hold discussions with the CEO, business heads, and other stakeholders besides visiting various company locations, the markets and even meeting business partners to understand the business imperatives and possible solutions. Once having compiled his findings, he could discuss it with technology-partners and seek solutions. He has to be receptive and be in a learning mode.
In case the CIO feels he does not have the requisite skills, he should muster courage to admit his inability to carry out the exercise himself. He should in such cases seek external assistance for help in making a comprehensive plan. It is better to have a good plan even though with external help rather than dishing out a poor plan claiming solo effort.
What holds him back?
Some CIOs fight shy of asking about strategy, feeling that they may get exposed for ignorance. They are sometimes at crossroads not knowing whether to seek consulting help (a lingering fear that they may get an adverse reaction of management) or do it in-house so that they could impress the management and claim saving money for the organization. Unfortunately, none of these tricks work in the long run, it is best to deal with these matters head-on and take hard decisions for the good of the organization.
Last weekend I was invited to be a speaker at a seminar that was being held to discuss cloud computing. The seminar was organized by an Institute of Technology in the Delhi NCR Region and was termed ‘National Seminar on Cloud Computing’. This was a full day event and I was told that this was a part of their practice to hold two such seminars every year. I gladly accepted the invitation as this was towards enhancement of knowledge for educational purposes.
I was given a list of topics including platforms & applications, enabling technologies, cloud in business, cloud in public sector, tools for management, cloud security, governance issues, etc. Having been with the large corporations during my career, I chose to speak on ‘Enterprise Cloud Computing’. I reached the venue a little ahead of my session so that I could get a feel of what was being discussed and tweak my talk accordingly. The audience mainly consisted of students, lecturers and a few invitees whereas the speakers were experts from various streams and mainly from vendor companies, representatives from specialist firms, and consultants.
In the preceding session, speakers presented their thoughts and ideas spanning a variety of areas including development tools, quality testing, performance management tools, security concerns and methods for their mitigation, etc. All speakers invited questions from the audience at the end of their speech but participants only nodded their heads in agreement but asked no questions.
Just before our session the organizers came up with a brilliant suggestion of changing our session into a panel discussion instead. Discussing this over lunch, the four speakers of this session felt that without adequate preparation and without a moderator, it would be difficult to last that long given the fact that the audience was rather passive in participation. So we reverted to our original plan of presentations with some time earmarked for questions and answers.
I took care to present the subject in an easy manner emphasizing on basics and leaving out a few details which I thought was were a little more advanced for the delegates. Other speakers too played the same card to the best of their abilities. There were but two questions and both from the teaching staff while students sat back dutifully till the end of the seminar.
Post session blues
When walking back from the hall, one of the professors enquired as to why this was termed ‘cloud computing’ and not ‘utility computing’ and another professor wanted to know if this was really working in the enterprises. Tired after the seminar, I preferred to wear a smile and give diplomatic answers. A student, sneaking in from behind and looking worried, spoke in a low voice and asked if ‘cloud’ was really safe. Before I could ask him further he said that he heard that the UID scheme in India is not taking off just because it was put on the cloud. I had to stop then to allay the fears of the young man explaining that what he had heard was incorrect and that UID was in a safe territory. I then turned around to another bunch of boys and asked them if the seminar was useful and one student admitted honestly that he understood nothing.
Key take-away from the seminar
There were quite a few things I learned from the seminar which makes me feel that the industry is in troubled times. Let me list them here:
1. ‘Cloud’ is a captivating theme which no institution can do without. A feeling that they will be termed outdated if they do not speak of cloud, is a compelling proposition. I wonder why institutions conduct such seminars; perhaps they do so because they have to as per their standard practice.
2. There is absence of planning and sessions are chosen without adequate thought.
3. The more they emphasize about the subject, the more they confuse the audience, especially the vulnerable young students.
4. It is perhaps time to downplay ‘cloud’ for a while and let the subject cool its heels for sometime — till this madness settles down a bit. Restarting later may inject a little more sense to the discussions and people will absorb the subject better.
5. People seem to have different understanding what a cloud is. I am reminded of the story ‘six blind men and the elephant’.
The cloud has been on the horizon for quite a while now and shows signs of moving overhead. The scene looks threatening and intoxicating and an overdose of it has caused a hangover from which I am recovering from.
Managing technology is an easy task for the CIOs – they know once they hit the right notes, technology behaves well. Managing users, however, is not as simple an affair. I am sure CIOs try all tricks in the book to win on this front but I am not sure how often they win. However, to ensure that systems work, one has to win over the users by using whatever means that are appropriate.
We are told that users are our customers and hence they are kings. More prophesies follow; we are made aware that users are the reason why we exist in our positions. We are advised of users being the very people who pass on feedback to management and hence it is in the fitness of things to keep them in good humor. It is needless to mention that keeping them happy ensures their use of your system else you may rue the consequences of failure.
A tough call, isn’t it? So we pull our hairs in disgust not knowing how to keep them happy. Some quip that it is easier to please their wives than dabbling with unrelenting users. But sweet advice does pour in and someone whispers in our ears saying ‘use diplomacy to tackle the users’. When enquired what it means comes the explanation: Diplomacy is an art of telling people to go to hell in such a way that they tend to ask you for directions..!! Clear?’
So let us put down a few ways of using diplomacy to manage users:
- Get friendly
Why not wish him a good morning or make sure to greet him on his birthday. Pick up a conversation once in a while and show him that you value him as a friend. That will break the ice and may perhaps run down barriers that may exist.
- Show empathy
Users have their woes and nothing could be better than sympathizing with his situation and wear a sad expression to show that you understand his plight. Users often need a shoulder to cry on, so why not offer this service. You can always extend help and ask them promising to do your best. You may be able to help or perhaps not but no harm in trying. Unless you make it obvious, users fall prey to these tactics and I don’t think it is wrong to win him over by this method.
- Sound positive
Users don’t like to hear a ‘no’. You may say it is better to be straightforward instead of fooling around, but isn’t that foolhardy? How can you turn down a customer who has come looking for help? There are always workarounds. Why not sound positive and genuinely look for solutions and if not, you always have the choice of informing him of the difficulty in tackling his problem. I am sure he would understand and appreciate efforts you made.
- Shower praise
We often hold back our praise or acknowledgement of users with a feel that this may spoil them. On the contrary I would think it important to be magnanimous and say a word or two appreciating his views, approach, his work or his achievements. Why not give him some importance and make him feel bigger. Even when suggesting a solution or improvement in work processes, be suggestive and put words in his mouth. He will then own the process and make it work. May be you can take them out for an official lunch or dinner and hand them a memento to acknowledge their contribution. Speak kindly of them and even praise them in front of the management.
- Don’t react
All is not hunky dory. Users are sometimes very smart or fierce. They are at times in an attack mode and your charm doesn’t work. A normal tendency would be react and not take things lying down, but why create complications for ourselves? Better smile even if he is abusive but let him shed all the heat. After expending all energy he may cool down a bit and that could be the right time to make your pitch.
So friends, it is best to kill the user with kindness rather than picking up a battle in which no one wins. It is said a smile disarms the opponent, so why not try out this formula. Try entrapment with your diplomacy.
Building a dream team is a desire of all but it requires considerable doing. We sometimes have to build teams right from scratch and sometimes we either rebuild or restructure our teams to make them suitable for the state we aspire to get into. Building a new team is a lot easier than molding the current one for the new order.
I have been in several such situations in the past. Except for one occasion, where I had to put up a new team, in most cases, I had inherited a team that I had to work with. Assessing the worth of each member, re-skilling the team, re-allocating work, mentoring it, and in some rare cases, axing them were some of the challenges I had to face. The team to be created often depended on the culture of the organization and the plans that I made. I also required help from the HR department and the CEO.
Building a team takes time and we need to exercise patience. We may have to make mid-course corrections when things do not turn out the way we want and make amends when the individuals on whom we place our bets do not deliver. Great individuals form great teams but they need to be cohesive and realize that their victory lies in their collective success. Some element of mentoring and addressing matters of emotional stability becomes important. Let us look at the factors for team building:
- Shared mission, objective, standards, etc.
The first task, in my opinion, is to bring the entire team to a common platform — a position wherefrom each person looks at the same objectives and goals and starts working in the same direction. People have to be told that the progress can be only with collaborative effort.
- Re-skilling people
The skill-sets of some staff members may not be suitable in their current form for the new tasks that we plan. These team members necessarily have to be re-skilled and made capable. For instance, I had once to contend with a bunch of old staffers who had rudimentary skills in SQL programming and therefore I had to undertake a special in-house training course to make them aware of the relational structure, rules of normalizations, and consequences of wrong select statements. They shaped up better and hence could be utilized in software development projects.
- Assigning the right roles to the right people
Right people in the wrong roles, and vice-versa, is an old refrain. Restructuring of the team is often a good move by which we identify the skills people possess and assign them the roles that suit their temperament. On two occasions, I picked up staff working on development projects and shifted them to infrastructure monitoring and the results were amazing! These boys grew up in confidence and went on to become managers.
All available knowledge and skills are not always available within the organization and therefore induction of fresh talent becomes necessary. It has to be a careful choice and is important to pick up the right person who would work together with the team to achieve goals. In one case, I remember, the CEO asked me to meet a few of my peers in the organization before giving me the appointment letter. He told me that he wanted both, me and the others to feel comfortable.
- Training and development
This is often ignored or not given enough attention. With the ever-changing world around us, especially the world of technology and applications, it is better that people are suitably updated and upgraded to be able to bring new technologies into practice. Regular training sessions are as important as any other measure.
- Removing people
This is an unpleasant task but necessary at times. Though every effort should be made to reform a person, wrong people always create undesirable influences and are therefore detrimental to team working. It is important in such cases to either relocate them to some other function or ask them to seek opportunity elsewhere.
In summary, it takes considerable effort to build a good team and also takes us that much time to do so. But once the team assumes a proper shape, the work atmosphere turns exhilarating. People enjoy working together and the productivity jumps several folds. It is a utopian situation and is a fun when it works.