There’s just one problem: many of the new features need application-level support to really shine, and the code samples in Microsoft’s beta Win7 SDK are mostly for unmanaged code. Microsoft has a “Windows Vista Bridge Project” that provides managed wrappers for unmanaged APIs, but it doesn’t include the Windows 7 APIs yet.
In short, learning how to use Windows 7′s newest features isn’t easy if you’re writing managed apps.
Come Microsoft to the rescue: the company has been putting out .NET interop libraries that provide just that wrapping. The libraries are unsupported, but developers itching to get a jump start on Windows 7 development should find them helpful. Microsoft’s Windows 7 technical evangelist Yochay Kiriaty highlighted some of these Windows 7 code samples on MSDN, along with copious links.]]>
PC World published a fun little piece yesterday in which they listed the 10 worst product names ever to come from Redmond. There were some interesting picks, but they missed the first thing that came to my mind. This one’s not really Microsoft’s fault — they’re just using a popular acronym that happens to have been poorly thought out. But still, I humbly submit as the 11th worst Microsoft product name ever: Microsoft Dynamics POS.
As in: “Hey Bob, did you get a chance to install that new POS from Microsoft yet?”]]>
One of the most well known cloud computing vendors is Amazon, which offers not just VMs but cloud-based storage and database services. Amazon’s SimpleDB uses XML to accept queries and spit back the result. There are also more integrated approaches. For instance, Salesforce.com lets developers write applications in its custom programming language Apex Code, which includes language constructs that hook into Salesforce.com’s database.
InfoWorld reviewed a few of these cloud-based databases in its examination of a new breed of simple, non-relational databases. Although the article didn’t look at Azure SQL Data Services (SDS) — they’re relational, and Azure isn’t even out yet — it did raise some questions that Microsoft shouldn’t ignore.
As InfoWorld sees it, the new breed of databases forego much of SQL’s data integrity patterns in favor of simpler query-response transactions. That may not be suitable for banks and other critical applications, but it’s just fine for many situations.
Since many of those non-critical applications are just the kind that companies might consider to try out Azure, Microsoft may be missing out on an opportunity by only providing full a full SQL database service in Azure. On the other hand, providing this sort of powerful service without a simpler database-ish offering could help drive home the message that Azure is intended for real, heavy, enterprise-level applications.
And of course, if programmers really want a simple, name-value, XML-based service, it won’t be hard to write one in Azure that uses SQL Data Services on the backend.]]>
Most of the action was concentrated on the first day of MIX09: the biggest highlights were two new features in Blend Expression 3, SuperPreview and SketchFlow — but Silverlight 3 and Web App Installer also raised some eyebrows. On the other hand, the official launch of Internet Explorer 8 on Thursday was a bit anticlimactic.
SuperPreview is Microsoft’s answer to a problem that has dogged Web developers for about as long as they’ve been around: browser incompatibilities. SuperPreview lets designers see how two browsers render a given page by viewing the comparisons side by side or overlaid. The tool can also send HTML to a server and get the rendered image back, letting designers compare browsers that aren’t installed on their computers. That’s useful for comparing different versions of Internet Explorer, for instance, or even seeing how IE on Windows compares to Safari on a Mac.
Selecting a component in one browser preview highlights that component in the other browser’s rendering, letting developers quickly hone in one problem areas. But for now, SuperPreview only shows developers where the inconsistencies are; it doesn’t tell them how to fix the problems.
You can download SuperPreview as a standalone from Microsoft.
SketchFlow, the other new feature in Expression Blend 3, lets designers quickly prototype UIs by defining a flowchart that describes an application’s screens. You can also assign behaviors to buttons that can change a screen’s state or transition to another screen, giving clients a good sense of an application’s flow without you having to write any code.
One nice touch in SketchFlow is that Microsoft has included a new “wiggly” theme for controls that makes them look hand-drawn. That should help cut down on clients that don’t understand the difference between a prototype and a finished product: SketchFlow prototypes look more like drawings on digital napkins than software applications. On the other hand, SketchFlow projects are full-fledged Expression Blend applications, so you can use them as a starting point when you’re ready to write the real program.
So far, SketchFlow is see-don’t-touch: Microsoft had plenty of demonstrations throughout the week, but the bits aren’t shipping yet.
I’ve already talked about Silverlight 3 and the Web App Installer in my coverage of the MIX09 keynote, but they’re worth a quick mention here. Silverlight 3 includes lots of eye candy as well some important tools for developers. For instance, you’ll be able to write one data validation method that will run on both the client and the server. Microsoft also complemented the new Silverlight preview with improvements to the IIS Media Pack, including DVR-type pausing and playback of live streams.
The Web App Installer is a quick and easy way to deploy Web applications to your server, including applications not built on ASP.NET. The installer takes care of dependencies, so installing WordPress will automatically download and install PHP on your Windows server, too.
If there was one disappointment last week, it was the unveiling of Internet Explorer 8 on Thursday. It’s not so much that IE 8 is a bad browser — although it still lacks the extensibility that FireFox’s extensions provide — but the browser has already been in beta for months. The most exciting feature for designers is IE 8′s Developer Tools, which we’ve already seen. The buzz seems to be giving IE 8 the Vista treatment: blogs are calling its launch a failure and arguing that it hasn’t brought enough to the table to quell Firefox’s steady gain on the market.]]>
First, the good news: IE8 is a major improvement over its predecessor. It’s faster, has plenty of handy features and comes with built-in developer tools. We covered IE8′s developer tools a few months ago, when it was still in beta; some of its new security features include recognizing malware sites and graying out all but the top level domain (TLD) in the URL bars, which will make it easier to notice phishing attacks. Chrome enthusiasts will be interested to learn that IE8 borrowed one of Chrome’s most compelling features: each tab is now a self-contained process, so a crash on one page won’t take down the whole browser.
The browser is also more compliant: Microsoft says it passes all of the 7201 tests it came up with and submitted to W3C, the body that sets Web standards.
But IE8 also has three new features called Slices, Accelerators and Visual Search. These enable sites to repackage themselves in interesting ways. For instances, IE8 sports a toolbar similar to the menu bar for Slices, which act as minature Web sites; clicking on one of these buttons shows its content, which can contain anything from news updates to an in-depth search field. It’s all very cool, and only IE8 supports it.
And that’s the kicker: Slices, Accelerators and Visual Search aren’t standards compliant, because IE8 is the only browser that supports them. Yes, they’re all based on standard XML; but that only takes you so far. That takes us to the real question: are the W3C’s standards the ones that count, or the de facto standards set by browsers?
My guess is that browsers will never be fully compliant, and that’s a good thing. If each browser were really compliant — if it rendered the standards perfectly and nothing else — there’d be very little room for experimentation and progress. Any competition between browsers would be solely on speed, security and stability. Those are all great goals, of course, but it’s also nice that browsers are looking for ways to push the envelope.
What’s important is that we go back every once in a while, see what’s worked, and standardize it before moving forward again. And that’s what Microsoft has done with IE8.]]>
Of course, the question of trusting an outside party with your applications and data isn’t a problem unique to Microsoft: Salesforce.com and Google Apps face the same hurdles in enterprises. But I’m not sure how much of a consolation it is for any company to know that its whole industry, and not just it alone, is having a hard time.
Meanwhile, the recession may be taking its toll on Microsoft’s standard server market. A study from IDC found that companies are increasingly turning to Linux in an effort to save money. Many of those Linux servers will come at the expense of Unix rather than Windows, but the trend should still be a worrisome reminder that glitzy new Web 2.0 platforms are only going to go so far in this economy.
When Microsoft showed off VSTS 2010 at PDC, one of the first questions from the audience was about pricing. The developer said that while VSTS’s features looked great, the tools were just too expensive for his team. I wonder how many companies will come to the same conclusion when Microsoft urges them to rewrite their applications to work on Azure. Service blackouts won’t help Microsoft’s case.]]>
I had the chance to sit in on an Oslo session at a DevCon recently, and I must say, I was not incredibly impressed. At the core, it looks like the M programming language lets developers define their own, simple input grammar and compile it into a series of SQL calls. The end result is that you can take an arbitrarily-defined input file, feed it through your M program, and end up with a filled database.
So far, sounds like something a simple script could do, right? And as far as I’ve seen, that’s all that Oslo really has to offer in terms of concrete functionality.
And while M is just one component of Oslo, it’s probably the most significant one, if the demos we’ve seen are any indication. Quadrant, Oslo’s GUI modeling tool, isn’t in CTP yet, and we’ve heard precious little about how the whole package will eventually form the foundation of SOA applications.
Granted, there’s some benefit to being able to define input grammars at a high level. But tools like lex/yacc have given programmers this ability for decades. M is less generalized and simpler than lex/yacc, but if Oslo is — as it appears to be so far — essentially a set of user-friendly tools that combine high-level grammar definitions with SQL output functionality and a nice GUI front end, is that enough to justify the hype? From what we’ve seen so far, Oslo could well be useful in its own right. But I don’t consider that groundbreaking enough to call it a brand new modeling platform, let alone the backbone to a 10-year SOA strategy.
Microsoft is very careful to point out that Oslo is in pre-alpha; they’re just giving us a glimpse whlie they work out the tools. But with the various books, conference sessions and interviews they’ve been giving, we should expect a bit more than something to replace simple parsing scripts.]]>