David’s Cisco Networking Blog

Aug 24 2008   9:15PM GMT

Four OSPF Router designations and their responsibilities



Posted by: David Davis
Tags:
Cisco
OSPF

OSPF Routers have different responsibilities depending on their position and functionality.  Let’s look at them-

The Internal Router – This router exists within an area. It’s responsible for maintaining a current and accurate database of every subnet within an area . It’s also responsible for forwarding data to other networks by the shortest path.

The Backbone Router – This router exists within the backbone area, also called Area 0.  On some routers, it’s also known as Area 0.0.0.0.

The Area Border Router – Also known as ABR, it’s responsible for connecting two or more areas. It holds a full topological database for each area to which its connected and sends LSA updates between the areas.

The Autonomous System Boundary Router – Also known as ABSR, is used to connect to a network or routing protocol outside the OSPF domain. This router should reside in the backbone area.

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