Analyst firm IDC has predicted a significant slowdown in worldwide IT spending in 2009. The newly revised estimate brings IT spending at 2.6% growth in 2009, down from IDC’s earlier projection of 5.9% growth. In the United States alone, the August growth estimation for IT spending was 4.2%. Recently, the percentage was adjusted to 0.9% spending growth.
Everyone knows spending is down and budgets are tight, but the question remaining is: What now?
At the AMR Research Business Technology Conference 2008, held earlier this week, emphasis was placed on saving money and not just making money. Throughout the year, analysts have warned that companies would be putting the brakes on IT spending as the economy dipped towards a recession. Now that we’re here, what can we do?
- Go for green IT: Make the move towards virtualization, for instance. It reduces the number of necessary servers, which saves on power and cooling — thus saving you money.
- Get SaaS-y: It’s a way to grow quickly and inexpensively.
- Hold on to your good employees: Good employees will weather the storm along with you, and replacing highly skilled employees later on is costly. On that note, manage your employees well so they want to stay.
- Look to the future: The recession will lift. Maintain your IT innovation so you’ll be ahead of the game when it does.
More evidence this week that the Web 2.0/social media revolution may be advancing, but it ain’t here yet:
- Instant messaging hasn’t become the preferred method of communication among IT staff; nor has texting. We have Robert Half to thank for these insights: Of the 1,400 CIOs who took its recent survey, 79% cited email or phone as the preferred forms of communication among their staff.
OK, I’m being a little facetious. It’s hardly likely that decades-old ways of communicating in the corporate world will be swept away overnight, if ever, by technologies like these. IM and texting have their workplace functions, but they won’t replace email anytime soon. (Wikis and collaboration platforms might be another story… but they weren’t part of this survey.)
- Speaking of collaboration, that’s the oft-touted benefit of social networking platforms tailored for the enterprise. But having employees who like social networks such as Facebook or having developers enthusiastic to build something like it in-house doesn’t mean you’re ready to hop on the bandwagon. In fact, if you don’t have a company culture of collaboration, attempting to create one with Web 2.0 tools won’t work, warned experts at the AMR Research Business Technology Conference this week.
One practitioner who’s learned this lesson is Jason Harrison. He was involved in an effort to roll out a collaboration platform at an advertising agency. Though some 400 employees had joined a company Facebook group, the in-house effort failed. “We took it for granted that the workforce wanted to collaborate, and we were wrong,” he says.
Today, an implementation of SharePoint and NewsGator at another agency, Universal McCann, has proved much more successful for Harrison, who is now worldwide CIO for Mediabrands, a unit of Interpublic. Employees can search for documents to use in their client pitches, they easily picked up on how to tag content, and everyone can see the hottest content and most active users, he says.
- I liked some comments from AMR analyst Jonathan Yarmis, vice president of disruptive technologies. He called social technologies the “next wave of computing, building on task and process automation.” The workplace, he said, will be “transformed” over the next five years. And I’m sure the technical capabilities – in unified communications, document sharing and wikis, to name a few types of systems – will advance and seep into the way we all do our jobs.
But to embrace the large-scale change he infers, using existing and future tools to their capacity, probably involves some business process analysis, some supply chain analysis, some workflow automation. And that’s no small stuff. So let’s be glad we have time to really figure out what our business needs and if social media can provide it. While we should welcome the advancing Web 2.0 army, let’s be thankful it’s not here yet.
Chills, body aches, fever — it’s flu season. Am I sure of these symptoms? Of course, I Googled them. If you find yourself doing the same as cold and flu signs creep up around you, you may be contributing to Google’s newest effort to mark trends — Google Flu Trends, that is.
Google.org, a branch of the company committed to addressing world problems (as stated in the company vision), recently launched Google Flu Trends — aggregating Google search data to estimate flu activity across the country.
According to Google, people searching for flu-related search topics and people with actual flu symptoms are closely related. Google compared the query counts with data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and found that certain flu queries were popular during flu season. Keeping track of how often these specific queries show up during flu season can provide flu circulation estimates throughout the United States. During last year’s flu season, Google.org was able to accurately estimate current flu levels one to two weeks faster than published CDC reports.
Although still in the very early stages, Google Flu Trends could give you a heads up on flu season to prevent you from catching the dreaded affliction. According to Medical News Today, more than 97 million cases of the flu are reported annually. With a one- to two-week advance notice of flu trends in your state, you may be able to take the necessary precautions to prevent sickness (and sick days).
As of now, most states are in the low to moderate zone for flu trends.
Google is growing. From Chrome to G1, it’s not just for searching anymore.
As the Google giant is creating new breeds of consumers (“cross-consumers,” I call them — spanning email, news, mobile devices, Web browsers, etc.), what is happening to all of our personal information? Google knows who we’re emailing, what we’re emailing, what we’re searching…
The launch of Chrome in September marked a big step for Google — the browser would be in direct competition with Microsoft’s IE. I downloaded Google’s Chrome right away, eager to test it out. I enjoyed features like “Google Suggest,” which sends Google searches as you’re typing them out, anticipating your search desires. With every word you type out in your search query, you get links pertaining to that particular phrase. As if searching could get easier?
As it is, we can literally find out anything about everything. Google culls information from many sites and quick answers can be seen directly on the search results. If I wanted to know the dates of the American Civil War, I just need to type in American Civil War and I immediately get the start and end dates in the summaries. I don’t even have to go to any of the sites if I don’t want to.
But even if I’m not going anywhere, my information still is.
How secure is my information? Brian Rakowski, product manager for Chrome, said queries sent to Google through the autosuggest feature include the user’s IP address and the time the query was made. But Google logs only 2% of this information, according to Rakowski, and makes it anonymous after 24 hours by removing the last four IP address digits associated with the query.
What about the privacy feature on Chrome — the incognito tab? This feature turns off autosuggest and allows users to surf the Web without leaving a history or cookies. But, according to Google, you can’t entirely cover up someone’s Internet activity.
Are “user-friendly” projects more likely to catch on? It makes sense – the easier it is for the average user, the more likely it is that they will continue using it. You know, the whole “keep it simple, stupid”?
A survey of John McCain’s and Barack Obama’s campaign websites conducted by New York-based consulting firm First Insights found that the more user-friendly the website was, the more likely it was to change minds. Forty-three undecided voters reviewed both sites: 22 found the Obama website more user-friendly, 16 felt McCain’s site was more user-friendly and five considered them to be equal. At the end of the day, 12 of the undecided voters leaned towards Obama.
What makes a website “user-friendly”? Jakob Nielson, once called the guru of Web page usability by The New York Times, has the usability scores of 51 similar sites. The sites were voter information websites from all 50 states and the District of Columbia, and the site usability for each was evaluated. The results? The best voter site got a score of 77% (out of 100%), eight sites scored below 40% and the lowest-scoring site got 29%. Not spectacular results, but not bad either.
According to Nielson’s findings, “you need an integrated view of usability, from the user’s perspective, and you need to develop the site through user-centered design.” The user should be the main priority because what’s the point of having a site if the people you want to use it, can’t.
Looking to make your website more user-friendly? Nielson suggests avoiding page clutter and any content resembling an ad. The phenomenon of “banner blindness” occurs when a user automatically skims or skips anything on the page that looks like an ad – whether it’s actual content or not. Another tip? Stay away from words or phrases unique to your company. What may seem obvious to you may not be so obvious to, say, Joe the plumber.
Google Gmail users now have the option to send text messages to mobile phones. The experimental app, found in Gmail Labs, was made available to all users Thursday night.
The feature is very similar to chat – find your contact (if the mobile number is saved in your contacts list) and the option to send an SMS will be available. The text message will appear on the person’s phone as a number from a 406 area code – which will be associated to your account and the number to which all incoming texts to your Gmail account will be sent. Although free for the Gmailer, mobile plan charges may apply for the person on the other end.
Gmail Labs has recently introduced some interesting apps to heighten the Gmail experience. Google Goggles, the email app to test your frame of mind when sending emails after hours, was introduced earlier this month. Met with mixed reviews when tested on drunk emailing (it seemed almost anyone could get through the simple math questions, no matter how inebriated), the overall concept seemed interesting when used to slow you down (and cool you down) before hitting “send.”
Although a great way to — umm — waste time, Google Apps and Gmail chat are not just for personal use and can actually be useful tools in the office. In an official Google blog post by Matthew Glotzbach, product management director for Google Enterprise, more than 1 million businesses have selected Google Apps to run their business, and tens of millions of people use Gmail every day.
The cloud computing-based system did have a glitch in August, when an outage halted emails for a few hours, but according to Glotzbach, Gmail has a 99.9% reliability score. According to the research firm Radicati Group, companies with on-premises email solutions averaged from 30 to 60 minutes of unscheduled downtime and an additional 36 to 90 minutes of planned downtime per month. With Gmail’s one glitch in the year, it suggests it’s more reliable than other enterprise email solutions like Novell GroupWise and Microsoft Exchange.
It’s all about communication – and it seems Google is making communicating within the workplace easier with creative apps and (fingers crossed!) great reliability.
Interested in more about Google and cloud computing in the midmarket? Watch SearchCIO-Midmarket.com’s recent video interview with Glotzbach.
What could be scarier than IT security breaches and software audits? For those of you who want to impress your friends and co-workers with a little bit of Halloween creativity (while sending along some subtle hints), Rachel Lebeaux, associate editor of SeachCIO.com, and I have compiled a list of the perfect tech 2008 Halloween costumes. From fun to frightening, these costumes are sure to be a hit at any party. You can even wear one of them at home as you greet the trick-or-treaters — passing out Hershey’s miniatures and disaster recovery advice to the ghosts and ghouls in your neighborhood.
- The computer virus. This frightening costume can really be ANYTHING, as these horrifying threats come in many forms. Need an added boost to identify yourself? Carry around a sign that reads something like, “computer viruses helped contribute to $8.5 billion in consumer losses in 2008” or “Click me! I self-replicate.” Have some fun with it – this is the one day of the year you can.
- A Post-it note with a secure password written on it. Get a plain, bright yellow shirt and write something like “PW- 1hgjM87c” across the front. Wear this one into the office as a subtle reminder to your IT staffers. If they ask you what you are, tell them they should know – one third of the most powerful passwords are still being written on Post-it notes.
- A software audit. No one will be pleased to see you show up at the party! Why? Because deep down, they may have been expecting you.
KACE Networks Inc., a Mountain View, Calif.-based systems management company commissioned a survey this year and found that 69% of those surveyed said they were “not confident” that they were in compliance with software license agreements. And 67% of the IT executives and managers surveyed said their companies haven’t taken steps to ensure compliance. What would you wear? Anything, really. Just make sure to tell people you’re there to collect thousands of dollars in legal and licensing fees after finding those extra, unlicensed mailboxes in Microsoft Exchange. Get official – start with a certified letter.
- A bad disaster recovery plan. This one may take a bit more explanation. Safety pin some basic (bad) plans to your shirt, like “physically relocate servers – down the street” or “only back up user data every so often … or when the mood strikes you.” Maybe not as sexy and exciting as some of the other options but for those who have experienced a disaster and have lost valuable time and money as the result of a poor plan, it’s an absolute nightmare. Go on, apply some ghoulish face paint for good measure.
- A hiring freeze. At first glance, this costume isn’t too scary but requires you to channel in some Debbie Downer remarks. Drape paper icicles over your light-blue (ice-blue?) shirt with the words “Now Hiring” written across it and then crossed out. Walk around telling people that a recent Fierce CIO report found that out of the 50 CIOs surveyed, nearly 25% said they have imposed a hiring freeze, while half said they are cutting spending on consultants and contractors. Tell them the job cuts and hiring freezes mean expanded work roles for IT staff are becoming standard procedure and, as a result, they’ll be spending more time in the office. Eek!
Want the other five? Visit the Total CIO blog for more chilling ideas.
On Wednesday, the G1 Google phone for T-Mobile with Android – the first “free, open source and fully customizable mobile platform” – was made available in stores to the general public. A geek at heart, I was anxious to check out the much anticipated Android Market, which allows third-party developers to create applications with the Android-provided source code.
I trudged out to T-Mobile to pick one up. When we walked in, I was greeted by the store manager in his limited-edition G1 T-shirt. “Hi, welcome to T-Mobile, what can I help you with today?” As if he didn’t already know.
Within 45 minutes I had my G1 and, with a sigh, I turned off my beloved BlackBerry (stripped of its SIM card) for the last time. Leaving my BlackBerry behind was bittersweet – such a reliable phone … never had a problem with it.
So if it ain’t broke, don’t fix it? Absolutely not. Although I had gotten used to the reliability of my BlackBerry, it was a stagnant sense of “fine.” Nothing was wrong, but things could get better. Things like open source applications and no one dictating which apps “belonged” to the platform. The possibilities are endless.
In an ironic twist, the day before the G1 hit stores, Microsoft declared it “Anti-Piracy Day.” Digital rights management schemes invoke negative reactions from many end users, which made me wonder — here’s the ironic part — if going open source would eliminate the licensing and piracy efforts companies like Microsoft are concerned with? Open source allows developers to create and edit without the licensing issues.
But, of course, it’s not just the Microsofts of the world that are affected — piracy harms the open source community as well. The need for creativity and the feeling of “giving back to the community” provided by open source could be harmed if people aren’t paying exorbitant prices for their pirated copy of MS Office (getting it free or at a reduced rate) – why bother working towards a change?
So, don’t be a software pirate and look forward to the possibilities of open source — think of all the apps!
Barack Obama, if elected president, will be looking for a cabinet-level chief technology officer (CTO) – a first in the White House. Job responsibilities will include ensuring the U.S. is caught up with technologies, infrastructure and services for the 21st century. A White House CTO would potentially help create broadband expansion with incentive programs (tax credits for smaller carriers, etc.) and oversee the proposed venture capital fund to develop more environmentally friendly technology.
Throughout his campaign, Obama has effectively used the Internet to raise funds and engage voters – utilizing everything from blogs to social networks. But the United States is ranked 15th among industrial nations in broadband penetration, according to a report from the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. The report showed only 23 out of 100 Americans have broadband access – with rural areas being the most affected.
According to barackobama.com’s technology page, if the U.S. is going to succeed in the global economy we need to get on the ball and online. Without renewed technology efforts, it stated, the U.S. will continue to lose leadership in science, technology and innovation – particularly information technology, biotechnology and nanotechnology. It continued to cite recent international study statistics: U.S. students perform lower on scientific assessments than students in “16 other economically developed nations and lower than 20 economically developed nations in math performance.”
The overall aim of broadband penetration and associated technological advancements is increased communication and awareness. Who are some likely candidates for the job? BusinessWeek’s short list from Washington insiders of potential U.S. CTO candidates includes Google’s Vint Cerf, Microsoft chief executive officer Steve Ballmer, Amazon CEO Jeffrey Bezos and Ed Felten, a prominent professor of computer science and public affairs at Princeton University.
Obama’s proposed CTO may help turn the economy around and keep things on the up and up — developments of new technologies will lead to more jobs. Obama’s plan to invest in climate-friendly energy development and deployment would theoretically create 5 million new jobs alone.
And if that doesn’t work out? At least one new job would be created – a White House CTO.
A midmarket CIO’s challenges are many, and I’m always amazed by the stories I hear when I’m out on the road meeting many of you.
This week I touched down in Redmond for Microsoft’s US Midsize Business CIO Summit, an invitation-only event for about 400 midmarket CIOs. It’s a press-free conference, but I was privileged to be a speaker and thus join the technology glitterati on site.
My conversations covered a lot of topics, but what I’ll share with you here is a sampling of the folks I met. If you think your job is tough, consider those of these CIOs – then I’ll ask you to vote or share your story of trying circumstances.
- The CIO for a firm that conducts clinical trials. He has five staff in the U.S. and 25 in Europe. Based on the West Coast, he had just spent over a week on the road, first in London and then in Russia, then came directly to the conference. At home he’s on calls early in the morning and late in the evening, syncing up with staff around the world. Challenges? Language, culture. … He absolutely wasn’t griping about the travel or the hours (he didn’t even look tired!) and I know he’s hardly alone in living such a global lifestyle. But to me that seemed the most challenging part.
- The CIO who was hired to bring a food distributor into the 21st century. The company had all sorts of aging or aged systems – but the hard part was when this maverick CIO announced capabilities he wanted to roll out to the employee base. The CEO told him that sales reps were not going to use computers. Period.
- The CIO who had endured several offshoring contracts (some negotiated by his parent company), all with ill effects. In one case, employees at a provider hacked into his systems; in another, a key offshore contact left for another firm just after completing his Oracle training in the U.S. Meanwhile, he grappled with undeveloped infrastructure – he couldn’t get a switch for a new plant he was building — and bureaucrats who promised fixes and then didn’t deliver.
Do you relate to any of these experiences or have your own story of obstacles to share? Vote below for the one that seems most challenging and feel free to offer advice to the CIOs in question.